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If you intend to present your Pomeranian dog in shows, you must start training as early as possible.

If you intend to present your Pomeranian dog in shows, you must start training as early as possible.

It’s vital that training commences earlier than it would do for a normal pet puppy. In an ideal world, training should have started a couple of weeks before you get the puppy from the breeder. If you train your Pom early and keep the training consistent, he’ll be a quick learner and will be able to do basics from a very young age. Poms are keen to learn and are quite intelligent. It’s important to make training fun for both your pom and you.

If showing your dog is your goal, you have to be kind but firm with your dog. Pom puppies usually have a mind of their own. Before you buy a Pom from a breeder for show, ask about what training he’ll receive before you take him home.

A famous dog motto goes like this: “Puppies learn what they repeat and promote what you permit.”

This will help you decide the ideal approach to training your Pom pup. A small toy dog such as a Pomeranian will only learn properly if you use positive reinforcement techniques because he not only loves that type of training but excels at it. One good example is the use of a clicker. I have proved that this idea produces amazing results over and over again during my 35 years of exhibiting lots of Best in Show Champion Pomeranians.

Positive reinforcement works by you giving your Pom a reward in return for him doing what you have asked of him. A toy or a treat can be used. This style of conformation training for shows will help stop your puppy from having bad habits.

Choosing a Name for your Pomeranian puppy.

It’s essential that a puppy is named as soon as he is born. Using his name at all times will get him used to his name and that helps with training. Breeders help bolster puppy self-esteem once they have named the puppy. They don’t wait for the owner to choose a name. Dogs can quickly get used to a new name if the owner decides to change it down the track.

There’s a method that makes this easy to do without making the puppy confused. Begin by adding your new name to the name chosen by the breeder. After you have used both names for several days, you can stop using the old name completely and only use the name you selected for your new puppy. This method prevents the puppy from realising he has had his name altered.

If you plan to buy a specific puppy from the breeder and he isn’t named, you choose a name and ask the breeder to always use it.

If you can’t decide on a good name, there are literally thousands of options in this site – http://PetNames.Mobi either using your phone or computer.

Bait Training.

The single most important think you can train your dog to do is to maintain eye contact while you give him a command. When you feed him, use this technique. For example, when you put his bowl of food on the floor, repeat the word “cookie” while he begins to gobble it all up.

“Cookie” is a typical word used by breeders and exhibitors as a way to grab their puppy’s attention. Of course, you may choose any word you like. Repetition helps make the puppy connect the word to an enjoyable experience, in this case it’s eating food.

That same word must be used to catch his focus when offering treats and bait from your hand during a different time when he’s in a “stand-stay command.” This is called “baiting” and is often used in shows to get your dog to stand up to be judged.
The show judges assess the pose and then mark your Pom puppy’s performance in balance and outline, as required by the Pomeranian Standards.

Younger puppies are given dog food as bait. Older dogs can be fed liver and hot dogs. Exhibitors can offer their dog bait from their pocket, mouth or hand but just enough bait is to be used to achieve the desired outcome. Never give your dog treats and snacks while he sits. If you do allow this behaviour, he’ll do the same thing in the show ring. Never teach him to sit so he can get a treat. During a show, Poms are always required to stand whilst in the ring, never to sit.

Standing on the Table for Examination.

Because a Pom is a toy dog, he must stand on a small table in the show ring. He can’t sit during this exam. The Judge will check a variety of things such as genitalia, checking his teeth and other parts of his body. The Stand-Stay is the highest achievement that you can use to get your puppy used to remain standing whilst the judge examines him.

By the time puppy is 4-5 weeks old, he should have the ability to stand properly. Using a mirror, practise standing him in front so you can check his outline and balance yourself. You’ll also be able to understand what he looks like on the Show side in the mirror. The judge will see that side of your Pomeranian. Practise makes perfect.

While you study your dog, hold him in a safe standing position and then count up to 10. As you maintain his upright status and as he grows older and stronger, he’ll have the ability to remain standing on his own.

It’s important to get somebody else to touch your puppy while he’s standing. When he’s older, you’ll be able to t rain him to stand still while being examined by you. These exercises help make your Pomeranian puppy more comfortable when touched by others. Most judges will have the Pom stand on a table while being examined but some also stand him on the ground so it’s best to t rain for both scenarios.

Gaiting on a lead.

It’s crucial that you train your dog on the best way to walk while on a lead as this will impact enormously on his show performance. Some dogs may not like the lead and so they often gait with head down or begin a strange way of walking, either galloping or irregular paces. So it’s imperative that you create a positive relationship between your Pom and the lead.

Begin your lead training by placing a small collar around the neck of your Pomeranian puppy. Entice him with treats while encouraging him to follow you around the home. Let your puppy follow you and offer lots of praise and a small bait when your puppy does as you say.

After a few days of this training has passed successfully, connect a short lead to his collar and repeat the process again, this time letting puppy drag the lead around as he follows you. Offer copious amounts of praise and treats and stop a lot to do so. Once puppy has gotten used to wandering around, following you eagerly, that’s when you need to start holding his lead. Formal training can start once your puppy is comfortable with the lead on.

These sessions should only run for 5-10 minutes. Like all babies, Pom puppies only have a brief attention span. Make training fun for both yourself and your puppy and you’ll achieve terrific results faster than you may even have anticipated.

End all training sessions in a positive way. If your puppy won’t do a specific task, choose one you know that he likes doing, so your session finishes in a winning way for puppy and you.

I don’t believe a Pomeranian should be made to wear a collar all the time. It should only be used to train him. If he wears a collar all the time, it may cause damage to his dense coat of fur around the neck area.


Introduce your new puppy to regular grooming methods while he’s still quite young. Always do each element of the grooming the same way every time so he gets used to them. The list includes: combing, trimming of nails, washing, blow drying, cleaning teeth and other grooming practices you want to use.

When your puppy is four months of age, he should have had all necessary vaccinations. You can begin advanced training elements and also take your puppy on socialisation outings.

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