The ideal diet for Pomeranians is an extremely controversial topic among owners because everyone has their own ideas. After many years of my own research, I’m able to offer my opinion on this hot topic.
Before the 1930s, dogs were generally fed garden vegetables and meat. However, in the 1930s, other dog foods were introduced into the canine marketplace. Such food included kibble and various canned options created from USDA-rejected grained and cereals. These new foods were regarded as handy choices for dog foods for Pomeranians and other dogs.
Let’s start by looking at the dog foods available in today’s marketplace. The canine food manufacturers make billions of dollars every year. Unfortunately, most of the products they’re selling are low grade with unhealthy ingredients that can make your Pomeranian very ill and can even cause premature aging or death.
It’s downright depressing to see all the dog foods being recalled from stores because of the serious problems they cause the dogs who are forced to eat them.
Think of commercial dog food as “fast food.”
People eat foods such as burgers, tacos, fries and other greasy junk food even though it’s all low quality and can cause people a great deal of harm in the long run. These foods are heavily processed. Now equate that to dogs and the “fast foods” they also consume. It’s unhealthy for people and canines.
Manufacturers of dog food are the only people who don’t see the danger in constantly feeding dogs the highly processed foods they create every day. People and dogs have approximately 75% common genetic makeup. Our nutritional requirements are similar as well. As we eat low quality fast food that directly causes harm, the same thing happens to our dogs but at a faster rate.
Human food is healthy for dogs.
Regardless of what you may hear from dog food makers, wholesome food people eat are also great for dogs. The food people eat is only bad for makers of dog foods.
The delicious, nutritious food you eat can also supply your Pomeranian with essential nutrition and, in doing so, it reduces the amount of bills from your vet. Thanks to the internet and other sources, it’s easy to learn the basic differences between nutrition for people and for dogs. Examples include: no raisins, grapes, corn, wheat or onions and rinse away rich sauces and spices.
Never assume your vet sells high quality food.
Vets don’t learn much about nutrition as part of their studies. Most of their extra knowledge is gleaned from seminars, studies, articles, sales reps and pet food companies.
If your vet hasn’t experimented and/or studied home-made or raw diets, he probably won’t know what foods are good and bad and may simply be using old information and superstition. If your vet makes a profit from selling a specific brand and not others, that can cause a major conflict of interest. Some vets may legally be banned from selling more than one brand.
Processed foods contain questionable ingredients.
It’s actually “legal” for manufactured dog food to contain meat derived from diseased, dying, disabled and dead animals. Other additives can include: sweepings off the mill floor that are labeled as grains and also corn that has been contaminated with strong pesticides. The cheapest food you buy will have the cheapest ingredients and that all adds up to virtually no nutrition at all.
Kibble won’t clean your dog’s teeth.
Virtually all canines from the age of three onwards have some type of dental problems. The majority are fed kibble so that’s really saying something.
A small study was conducted and the results concluded that kibble MIGHT be better for clean canine teeth than the processed tinned foods, it doesn’t state that it’s more effective. People don’t want to spend precious time cleaning their dogs’ teeth so they often use kibble, despite the fact it doesn’t do a good job. If you think for one moment that feeding your pet kibble and hard treats will clean his teeth, you’ll only inflict pain, suffering and possible lost teeth in your beloved dog, as well as lots of high vet bills.
“Balanced and complete” isn’t synonymous with “optimum.”
“Balanced and complete” only means a food has a minimum possible health benefit for an average dog. Balanced and complete is better than not BUT it doesn’t necessarily mean it’s good food.
If people boast that they have carried out feeding tests usually only test the main product in a line and tests are only trialed on a small group of dogs for a short time. In the long term, enzyme and nutrient deficiencies will occur.
Feeding your dog the same foods all the time restricts his nutrition.
If you ate a meal consisting of rancid fat, corn, chicken wings and the same composition of added minerals and vitamins, you would soon become ill.
Nutritionists scream that people must consume a wide variety of food to avoid allergies and to improve their overall nutrition. So why shouldn’t dogs be treated the same way and then their health will also be good.
If you start feeding your dog a lot of different foods, he may suffer from a stomach upset in the short term. This is because he hasn’t been eating the right foods so if he does have a stomach upset, it simply means you’re helping him with proper nutrition. His digestive system will quickly settle and then he can eat whatever healthy foods you give him with no problems, in much the same way as people. The key is to make changes gradually.
Kibble isn’t a better food than canned types.
Canned dog food is preserved through the canning process whereas kibble is artificially preserved. Have you ever thought about the amount of preservatives needed to stop food that sits in your dog’s bowl all day long going off?
Kibble starts off as a cooked dry meal, whereas, tinned food is canned when fresh. More nutrients are destroyed in kibble because it’s exposed to a lot more heat.
Kibble has been identified as a cause of bladder and kidney problems in cats; and can cause deadly bloating for larger dogs that are broad-chested. It also causes dehydration.
This doesn’t mean canned food is better or perfect. However, the best food for your dog is fresh food, either raw or cooked. Next best is prepared food that has been frozen, followed by dehydrated food that has been freeze-dried. You can buy these foods at your local pet shop.
Certain food can cause damage to your dog’s health.
• Rawhide chews and cooked bones can create severe health issues that may need emergency surgery.
• Allergies can be caused by foods that have wheat bases. Try coconut chips instead.
• Grapes, chocolate, onions, raisins, Xylitol (artificial sweetener) and various other foods can be toxic to your beloved Pom and so you must NEVER feed your dog any of these things.
Ingredients that aren’t healthy for dogs.
Corn and wheat. Most canines, including Pomeranians, have allergies to both corn and wheat. If you notice your dog constantly scratching or biting himself, read the ingredients on his food to see if these are listed because they can cause such a problem. Corn is also fattening as it also makes corn oil and high fructose corn syrup. So it’s not surprising that there’s an abundance of dogs with diabetes and just as many that are obese.
Artificial colors and preservatives.
Research has shown that there are definite links between particular diseases, including cancer, and the low grade artificial colors and preservatives in food. These particular ingredients have been found to be common ingredients in lots of dog foods. Preservatives are also called BHT, BHA and Ethoxyquin. The fake colors are caramel and FD&C colors.
If your dog food has any of the previously listed ingredients that you know now are hazardous to your dog’s health, I strongly recommend looking at much healthier choices. That’s assuming you actually do care for your dog.
Healthy ingredients found in dog foods.
If you firmly believe your dog deserves the best nutritious, safe food you can provide, there are various ways you can do it. The major way is to prepare your Pomeranians meals yourself, using healthy ingredients to keep him in peak condition. The second option is to use the holistic method.
Dog food companies that manufacture holistic foods only create the highest quality foods by utilizing food sources that are human-grade.
Unacceptable ingredients include by-products, corm and wheat.
Ideal meals can include: real meats such as beef, chicken, bison, lamb, salmon and other meats. Other products to use include: brown rice, barley, oatmeal and other whole grains.
Benefits of homemade foods.
Packaged foods for dogs will often have additives, chemicals and other useless fillers so there are no real nutritional benefits. You would scoop crunchy pieces or dog slop into your dog’s bowl.
Your Pom will get healthy meals when you create them yourself. You’ll be able to add whatever healthy ingredients you want to ensure your dog has no deficiencies of minerals and vitamins. Vary his meals and you’ll find he’s happy, full of energy and better behaved as well.
Feeding Pomeranians under 12 months of age.
Puppy’s require the perfect balance of nutrients to ensure correct growth. Essential to proper development is the accurate ratio of calcium to phosphorus. Skeletal problems can be caused by feeding pups home cooked or commercial dog food for adult dogs. Until your Pomeranian has his first birthday feed a top quality puppy kibble and a quality canned puppy food. Good snacks are dairy products.
Healthy Home Cooking For Your Pomeranian
Healthy Home Cooking for Pomeranians available here at the #1 Pomeranian Information site, contains healthy recipes suitable for all Pomeranians.
I applaud all Pomeranian lovers who commit to feed their beloved Poms home-made food.
Feeding your Pomeranian home cooked healthy meals & snacks containing real meat, fruit and vegetables and most importantly containing no fillers, preservatives or by-products will have a tremendous benefit on your Pomeranian’s health.
Healthy Home Cooking for all Pomeranians contains over 50 canine recipes including doggie biscuits, healthy snacks, doggie soups, appetizers, breakfast food, yummy slow cooked doggie casseroles for busy Pomeranian parents, chicken and fish dinners, liver treats, a canine chicken birthday cake, a special recipe for senior poms, homemade jerky treats, frozen yogurt pops and more.
Healthy Home Cooking for ALL Pomeranians is a downloadable PDF file. Download to your computer, phone or tablet for easy availability.
Protecting your Pomeranian from ticks, mosquitoes and fleas is a major responsibility because he needs to be protected every day. You need to eliminate them from your dog as well as from the house itself, another big ongoing problem.
Here are some facts to help you better understand diseases and how to handle them:
Mosquitoes: You and your Pomeranian will need a mosquito repellent, especially when your dog spends time outside in the Summer when there are thousands of mosquitoes hungry for blood. Mosquitos carry deadly heart worm disease. Ask your veterinarian about heartworm prevention for your Pom.
Ticks: While most dog owners are aware of Lyme disease, the reality is that there are seven different diseases ticks can spread. Sadly, thousands of our canine friends all around the world succumb to ticks each year:
- Lyme disease is caused by deer ticks. In Canada and the US, they’re also called blacklegged ticks. In Europe, they’re also sheep ticks and in Asia, they’re called Taiga ticks. Unlike the majority of other ticks, deer ticks thrive all year long. Winter doesn’t kill them and as long as the ground isn’t frozen or laden with snow, these ticks can be a menace. They’re most common in the US in the northern Midwest and from Washington to southern Maine.
- Canine Ehrlichiosis is a product of the brown dog tick. This one is located in many US states but prevails more often in the southwestern regions and Florida has a huge tick infestation. This particular tick attaches itself to dogs and mainly lives inside because it enjoys the warmth and will appear in potted plants. However, it can also exist outside in shrubbery, wooded places and grassy regions.
- Canine Anaplasmosis (aka dog tick fever or dog fever) is also caused by deer ticks.
- Canine Babesiosis is caused by both the brown dog tick and American dog tick.
- Canine Bartonellosis is caused by brown dog ticks.
- Canine Hepatozoonosis has two causes: the Gulf Coast tick and the brown dog tick. Ticks can bite your dog and cause the disease. However, if your dog eats a tick that’s carrying a disease, it can also infect him. This tick can be found in Gulf Coast states such as: Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, Louisiana and Texas. It can also exist in: Kansas, Arkansas, Delaware, Iowa, Maine, Oklahoma and Maryland.
- Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever is caused by the lone star tick (found along the east coast and south-eastern states). The American dog tick is found in the eastern part of the US. Draw a line from Texas to Montana and you’ll find these ticks in all states east of that line as well as in the Pacific Northwest.
Important note. With the majority of tick-born diseases, you have a minimum of 24 hours to locate and remove a tick that’s feeding on your dog before the infection is transmitted.
How to find ticks on your dog.
Remember that your Pomeranian breed is small so he’s more likely to attract ticks as his body is close to the ground. If you live in any place where ticks are known to thrive, you should examine him every time he has been in tick-prone areas. This list includes: grassy areas (including your own yard), wooded areas, shrubbery, piles of leaves and fields.
You need good lighting. Feel his body for any small bumps and watch for small dark spots. Check his entire body, including: his face, head, both sides of his ears, chin, all around his neck, armpits, chest, stomach, tail, legs, paw pads and between his toes.
The best way to remove a tick.
Never remove a tick by hand because certain diseases can be picked up by humans through the tick secretions. Don’t try to burn the tick because you may accidentally burn your dog and it may force the tick to vomit into the site of the bite, causing further problems. There are special tools you can use to remove ticks safely. If you don’t have or don’t wish to buy such tools, tweezers can help. Follow these exact steps:
- Grip the mouth of the tick with the tweezers. This is the head part which will be buried under your Pom’s skin.
- Using slow, even pressure, pull it straight out. This ensures the whole tick is removed and the head isn’t left behind because it has barbs that arch backwards.
- Clean the site with warm water and soap. Then apply Betadine or another type of antiseptic. Always keep some in your Pomeranian’s first aid kit.
- Don’t flush the tick down the toilet or throw it in the rubbish. If your dog does get infected, you have the specimen for pathogen testing and correct identification. Put it in a small zipped plastic bag and label it with the date of removal. If your dog has no signs of infection a month later, you can then discard the tick in its bag.
- If you’re unable to remove the whole tick or if it’s too deeply buried, you must take your beloved Pom to the vet urgently so he can remove it within the vital 24 hour period.
Tips on maintaining a tick-free yard.
There are numerous things you can do to reduce the risk of tick infestations in your yard. Keep your lawns mowed short all the time. Seal all crevices and cracks around the home. Never let lawn debris pile up. Ticks love shady, damp areas. Prune your low-hanging bushes so sunlight can get in easier.
Remove fruit that has fallen on the ground, don’t spread bird seed, clean your barbeque of all food scraps and don’t have wood piles. All these tasks will help prevent rodents from entering your property and staying as there’s nothing of any appeal to them. If your property abuts a wooded area, use gravel, mulch or woodchips and create a three-foot barrier to protect your property.
Unless you have heavy tick infestations, it’s best to avoid chemical treatments. Here are a few natural ways to protect your beloved Pomeranian:
Natural tick and flea sprays. This spray contains no chemicals and you only need to spray your dog once a week. It contains natural products such as:
Sodium Lauryl Sulfate.1.20% (a common ingredient in shampoos, soaps, mouthwashes, toothpastes and body washes), vanillin, water, clove oil, cedar wood oil and cinnamon oil. There are NO insecticides.
Insect Repellent for Dogs. This balm repels ticks, lice, fleas and mosquitoes. You put a tiny amount on your pet’s neck and back. Once the unique smell is gone, simply reapply. It generally needs a new touch up once a week. It has no insecticides. Its ingredients are: essential oils, organic beeswax, organic shea butter and organic olive oil.
These are products that work very well and receive lots of excellent reviews from dog owners. Every dog has a unique chemistry and your location is also unique so there may be times when the healthy products don’t work as well as they should and you may be forced to use a product containing insecticides. Each one differs in how it works and how your dog may react to it. Two products that seem to help in many cases are Frontline Plus (for high infestation areas) and Advantage Multi.
You also have to consider the stinging insects such as wasps, hornets, bees and others. Dogs are often prone to being stung as they love sniffing around in places where these insects hang around (i.e. bushes, etc.)
Facial stings can be quite painful but they may also face an allergic reaction and that can be more dangerous. If your Pomeranian is stung, watch him for allergic reaction signs such as a swollen face, weakness and/or trouble breathing. An antihistamine administered by your vet can save lives, if your Pom displays any sign of swelling contact your Vet immediately.
If your Pom gets three or more stings, you must rush him to the vet, even if he seems ok. Small breeds can react more severely and also faster than bigger dogs.
Check his body to see if there are any stingers still impaled. Don’t try using tweezers to remove as this can squirt out more venom. Use a plastic card (credit card) to scrape it out. Mix baking powder and water into a paste to apply that can reduce pain and swelling.
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For most pet owners, sharing your bed with your Pomeranian is second nature, you have no problems and you both love it. However, there are reasons why your Pom should have a bed in which he can sleep.
If your Pom always sleeps in your bed, he’s more likely to face hurdles when he’s left alone all day. Because he won’t be accustomed to having naps and/or resting in that new bed, his own bed, he’ll often find it hard to settle in his playpen or gated area when it’s daytime. This may create feelings of anxiety and separation.
As a small dog breed, Poms can have toilet accidents and/or may fall off your bed or you might even roll on top of him while asleep. The more access your Pom has to your bed, the greater the risk will be that he wets the bed, soaking through the mattress.
Qualities of the Best Bed for your Pomeranian.
- It must have proper support. A top priority when choosing a bed for your Pom is the necessity for good support. Because he’s small, many owners might not know how important it really is. Stress on a body is related to his size.
When your dog rests, his mattress should curve to provide the right support for his body and ease any joint pressure. Your mattress is far to thick from being ideal in thickness thus causing the correct support for your pet’s body, being such a small breed.
Your Pom must also have good cushioning for on his elbows or they may stiffen and feel sore, as well as have a thinning of the fur on his elbows. If you have a senior Pomeranian, it’s vital that his orthopedic bed is made from memory foam.
- The correct size to provide security. Pomeranians generally have an almost overwhelming desire to feel secure and safe. They love nestling up to you to feel protected and this is what helps most Pom pets become fully relaxed. The bed you buy for your beloved Pom must be the right size for him.
Pomeranians vary in what they prefer in their bed. Some like a flat surface while others prefer it to be elevated. Your beloved pet may like bumper pads for his head.
Regardless of preference, your Pom needs his bed to be a quiet retreat so he can slip inside quietly, not making a fuss or allowing others time to help him. In his space he can rest and sleep away from noise and other animals, rest comfortably and get good quality sleep.
- High quality material to stop contact friction. Many things can affect your pet’s coat such as: arid Winter air, the hot Summer sun, the type of bristles on the brush you use, and ingredients in his collection of washing and cleaning products.
Contact friction occurs when your Pom’s coat rubs against various surfaces. Surfaces can only be gentle or rough and the intensity will vary, sometimes a little and other times a lot. If it’s a rough texture and the contact is prolonged, the coat can be badly affected, causing static, split ends, a frizzy texture and other issues.
- Washable. It’s a wise idea to buy a good quality bed with a washable cover (and a spare one) that’s easy to wash when needed. There are a number of things that can soil the cover such as:
An unspayed female Pomeranian, while in a heat cycle, usually “flow” for a minimum of two weeks. Although Poms may only produce a light, barely noticeable flow, it’s still something to watch for and then clean when necessary. If the bedding doesn’t get cleaned with soap and hot water, it’s very unhygienic.
Your dog’s body creates natural oils within his body 24/7/365. Every few weeks, the bedding needs a wash due to the oil build-up. Your dog must be washed every 3 – 4 weeks to prevent dirt and oils from accumulating. This is the ideal time to wash his bedding too.
As your Pom sleeps, miniscule amounts of these oils will sink into the bedding. Eventually it will begin smelling, either a musty smell or a weird sweet and sour smell. Food particles, dust, dirt and debris will affect his bedding and needs a wash so the bedding becomes hygienic again.
Types of dog beds.
Recommended good quality bumper beds.
Lots of Pomeranian adults and puppies feel safe, comfortable and secure in a bed that has raised sides. Beds’ mattresses are extremely supportive.
Recommended memory foam/orthopedic beds.
If your Pom of any age has problems with hips and/or knees, choose an orthopedic-style bed as it provides joint support, eases pressure and helps your dog get better quality sleep.
These beds are ideal for any age Poms because you can’t spoil your dog too much when it comes to comfort and health. You can have a bed with low or high bumpers and even a flat mattress if your pet loves sleeping and relaxing on your floor.
Specialty beds for Poms.
There are times when a dog is best suited to an atypical bed. Some prefer being raised up from the floor, ideal in Summer when air flows beneath them. A raised bed is a great method of allowing your Pom to relax in while enjoying the outdoors.
Your Pom might prefer to be raised so he’s level with your bed. If so, a raised indoor pet house is probably he answer.
Ramps and steps for human beds.
If your pet sleeps in your human bed with no problems, that’s fine. However, you must be wary of how your Pom gets up onto your bed and down again. Buy steps for small dog breeds or a ramp if your dog is a senior and you’ll help your Pom feel safe when trying to get up to you or down to the floor.
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Learn the best Pomeranian winter care practices. If you live somewhere that has very cold weather at times, you must learn how best to protect your pet Pom against the harsh climate. The Winter weather can bring icy cold temperatures, snow and icy rain and the air is often much drier. Your Pom’s paws, skin and coat can be adversely affected, he may have difficulty controlling his body temperature and he may have other issues as well.
Winter Pom Care Grooming
Winter is the season where your Pomeranian really needs extra care. Regardless of whether it’s snowing, the air is still at its driest during this season. Moisture in the air is known as the humidity factor. When the weather is cold, it’s difficult for the air to retain any moisture. Even inside your home, don’t believe that’s ideal because cold air meets with warm air and dries it out even further. Therefore, your pom can’t avoid damage the season’s harsh elements can cause unless you help.
Without Extra Proper Pom Winter Care, Two Main Problems May Happen:
1. His skin may become chapped and very dry. If so, you’ll notice he scratches more than normal and he may have irritated, red skin (hotspots). These symptoms warn you that his coat will soon become thinner.
2. Your beloved pet’s coat will have lots of static and the result of this is split ends that, if not properly trimmed back, can travel up to the root. Hair loss will happen and his fur will thin out as well.
3. You may notice your Pomeranian’s nose looses pigmentation i.e. becomes brown instead of black during the winter months. This is called ‘winter nose” and is caused by a lack of sunshine. Ensure your Pomeranian has access to sunshine for a short period daily if at all possible during the winter months. Winter nose could also indicate your Pom is lacking Vitamin D, which is critical for absorption of calcium.
It’s smarter to take steps to protect your pet that to try and fix problems after the damage has happened.
It’s vital that you use the best products and at the correct times. A good quality leave-in conditioner should be used all year round but it’s even more necessary in Winter. Spray his coat with plenty of the product so it coats his hairs and forms a protective shield to protect his fur from damage that Winter can cause. Your home will be less humid so don’t assume he doesn’t need the extra care just because he stays inside.
Follow these simple steps:
- Maintain your regular brushing routine so he doesn’t get tangles and dead hair is removed, both are elements that can impede the conditioner’s ability to do its job.
- Apply a liberal amount in the morning and a lighter coat before he goes to bed.
- A small pin brush is the best tool. It has to be textured so it spreads the conditioner without irritating your Pomeranian’s skin. Do the job in sections. Spray the conditioner so it’s near the roots but not directly on them. As you use the brush, stroke downwards to the roots. After you have finished, spray some in your hands and rub together and scrunch the coat tips for an extra layer of protection.
- Don’t use too much product or it makes his fur oily, weighs it down and can block air circulation to the pores of his skin. Just use a light mist. In the evening you do a light touching up to replace any lost during the daytime. It also helps because, as your Pom sleeps, his fur rubs on fabric and it may create static.
You should bathe your Pomeranian every three weeks. Provided that you use the correct products, you won’t have to worry about bathing too often drying out the skin.
Use a good quality shampoo that moisturises your pet’s coat and eliminates all residue. Scrub him thoroughly and rinse well to avoid dry soapy particles irritating his skin, especially in Winter. Then you apply the moisturising conditioner for protection. If your beloved pet’s skin is peeling and flaky, select a product specially made product for dry skin. You may need to wash him more often if the skin is flaky so this would mean a weekly bath.
If your pet’s skin is dry, let it dry normally after a bath and don’t use a hair dryer. Plan his baths in advance so you don’t have to take him outside when his fur is damp as this can cause damage, especially in Winter.
Protecting your Pomeranian’s paws.
Skin can be healthy one second and dry the next so in Winter, you must inspect his skin every day and then take protective action if you find any damage or skin that is drier than normal. Here are some great tips to help you:
- Use a good quality paw balm. If your Pom still has trouble on the cold ground or finds it hard not to slip, put booties on him and see if that helps. Paws are made from skin and can easily dry out when he’s outside in the harsh climate. They can dry out more than his body skin.
- One major issue he may face is salt and chemicals that melt ice and are used on the ground in Winter. Even if you never use these products, local councils often do and cars travel on these surfaces and then into your local area, where the tyres leave residue on the roads and paths. Paws can be damaged or burnt by the chemicals and your Pom’s nail pads may get hurt too.
- You may use booties when outside but it’s still essential to use paw wax on a weekly basis to help stop your Pom’s paws from cracking, drying out or being harmed in other ways. The wax can heal existing damage, stop cracking and moisturise at the same time. If your Pomeranian’s paws are so sore that he can’t walk properly or if there’s any deep cracks, bleeding or other issues, see your vet as a matter of urgency so he can help fix the problems and maybe stop an infection.
- When choosing boots/shoes, they need to resistant to the weather, easy for your Pom to walk in and tough to handle whatever they’re used for. If they have the Velcro closures around the ankles, they’re a great choice.
Nose protection for your Pom.
Winter can be harsh on your dog’s nose. Even before you suspect any problems, it may be crusty and cracked. Because he’s always licking his nose, the dry, cold wind can quickly cause it to chap. However, it’s easy to protect it. Use a good nose balm (or paw balm) or a nose chap stick. You only need to dab it three or four times to ensure it’s protected from the cold air.
Controlling your home’s humidity.
Keep the humidity level in your home at a medium level and that will help with the health of your Pomeranian’s coat and skin. It’s also useful if your pet gets a dry cough. If you want to buy a humidifier, ensure it’s the right capacity. Most units work to cover one or two rooms maximum. If your Pom is really badly affected by humidity, put one near where he sleeps. It’s essential to regularly clean humidifiers to avoid bacteria. You can also opt for one or more of these home remedies instead of a store-bought gadget:
- Put metal bowls filled with water on top of heaters or heat registers.
- Leave the bathroom door open while showering and after you finish.
- Get a big Ziploc bag and poke 20 holes in it. Then insert a big wet sponge and you can place it anywhere you want – on bench tops, cabinets, wherever appropriate. Set up 5-10 of them and spread them out through the house.
- Get some houseplants as they release moisture whenever you water them.
Venturing outside with your Pomeranian during Winter.
Naturally you can’t keep your Pom inside the house all Winter. He will need to go outside sometimes. He’ll need to go to the bathroom (unless you have him pee pad trained.) You should also try to maintain a regular schedule as much as you can. Dogs often eat less in the Summer and more in Winter. If you reduce exercise, his health could deteriorate. Exercising, particularly walking, is necessary because it keeps muscles and the heart healthy. That applies equally to you as well as your dog. If a dog can’t get exercise, he’s likely to get moody, bored and frustrated. If you both dress warmly, you can go for one or two walks a day (unless there’s impossible bad conditions outside).
Dogs that fall into the toy breed category have more trouble maintaining their core body temperature than the bigger breeds. So it’s critical that your Pom is kept warm during the Winter months. Whenever it’s under 32F (also depending on wind chill factor), he should wear a thick warm jumper. If it’s snowing, put him in a water-proof jacket.
Playtime in the snow.
Some Pomeranians hate the snow and expect their path to be free of snow when you go for a walk. He’ll even bring you his booties before you get to put his leash on. However, other Poms love the snow more than anything else. If yours loves it, let him play while you watch him closely and only for 20 minutes because after that, even with protective clothing, he may get hypothermia.
Some dogs are so excited when they can play in the snow that their bodies heat up rapidly, and then they have a sudden point when the coldness hits, hence why you must always supervise your beloved pet. Once he’s back in the house, use a soft, very absorbent towel and gently pat (not rub) him dry. Then you may want to put a t-shirt on him to help him warm up again.
Pomeranian Winter Changes.
One aspect of Winter care for your Pomeranian is to learn what’s considered “normal” and what signs indicate a problem. Here are a few things to keep in mind:
- It’s normal for him to eat more in Winter and exercise less. You’ll strive to take him for walks daily but there will be some days where the weather is too harsh. Hence the slight weight gain. If there’s a large gain or loss in weight, talk to your vet.
- Your Pom may be more restless (cabin fever) as humans also can be at this time of year. Even if you’re content staying inside, your dog might be frustrated because he wants to get out and run and play and now he can’t burn off that extra energy. If you only do one walk but usually do two per day, he’ll feel the difference.
- Help your pet by playing with him and creating some fun activities for inside the house. Teach him new commands and new tricks or play old ones. Lay down a path of objects and you carry a basket and get him to pick up all objects and give them to you. Use an excited voice as that will make him wag his tail and have more fun. Play hide and seek. Give him an ice cube to chase around the kitchen floor with. They’re ideal for puppies who are teething and fun for all dogs, especially if they’re bored.
- Some Pomeranians may feel like their routine is upset when the sunlight is minimal and there are less daylight hours. He’ll want to go to bed early. You can extend the day by doing some grooming after dark as it makes him feel like things still happen despite the sun disappearing.
- Older Poms may suffer from arthritis and the associated aches and pains. Reassess his bed to see if it needs to be changed to an orthopaedic bed to make him more comfortable. Talk to your vet if this is something to consider.
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If the place in which you live experiences hot Summer months or maybe you have hot weather all the time, you’ll need to know about extra steps necessary for summer Pomeranian care. Tips on how to keep your Pomeranian cool during the summer months.
Your Pom’s inside area. Most owners use fans and/or air conditioning to stay cool in Summer and so they don’t think about whether their dog needs extra help to stay cool, particularly in the spaces he normally spends his time, namely his bed area, rest area and wherever he plays. Here are some aspects you may need to rethink.
Your Pomeranian’s Gated Area or Playpen.
See how much sun comes through the windows. When it’s Summer, the sun is hotter and lasts twice as long as in Winter, as well as being on a different angle. There can be days when the relentless sub shines straight into your dog’s space. If you’re out all day and during the weekend you’re more focused on your family, you may not be aware of this.
Spend some time on a particularly hot day to check whether his space does get bombarded with heat that can make him very uncomfortable. It may be necessary to close curtains or blinds or move his space to a different area.
Air conditioning can also cause problems in Summer. Pomeranians don’t cope well when cold air blows directly on them. Ensure he gets the benefit of the cool breeze but isn’t bombarded with a direct burst of cold air.
Ensure Your Pomeranian is Safe and Cool During Summer.
A cooling mat is very useful if you don’t have air conditioning or as a backup if it’s not on or not working. It’s useful to cool him down after he has been playing outside. A good quality cooling mat contains a pressure-active gel pad which is ideal because it means there are no potentially dangerous power cords. The gel absorbs heat from your Pom’s body and is a safe method for keeping him cool when it’s hot. The mats are portable so you can use it anywhere in the home and even outside if the need arises.
There are lots of things to consider when taking your Pomeranian outside:
It’s important for your Pom to keep up with his exercise routine or he can get frustrated and misbehave because he can’t release his pent-up energy. However, you need to take steps to protect him at the same time.
This toy breed is best having two walks each day so, during Summer, do it in the early morning and late in the evening, when the weather isn’t as hot and fierce, thus avoiding some of the potential problems. However, you may decide to lengthen the morning walk and shorten the evening walk due to the hotter conditions.
2. In your back yard.
You may love spending hours in your back yard, whether it’s swimming, gardening or having barbeques. The good news is that, with care and planning, your Pomeranian can keep you company and enjoy some outside time as well. Make sure there’s plenty of shade for him, water and a way to get cool. A chidren’s plastic pool is ideal for him to splash about in with complete safety, as long as you don’t leave him on his own in the water. Another fun option is the use of an oscillating sprinkler which combines cooling down and fun.
It’s critical that you keep your Pom’s paws protected in Summer where the concrete and asphalt surfaces may be 30 degrees hotter than normal. Despite the fact that paws are made up of a thick skin, it doesn’t mean they’re impervious to heat and it only takes seconds to incur first degree burns. His paws will dry up and start peeling, a situation aggravated each time he tries to walk.
To prevent this from occurring, apply a high quality paw wax. It only takes 10 seconds to be absorbed and will form a protection layer between his paws and hot surfaces. Apply this two or three times each week. You may opt to use doggie shoes and some dogs find them more comfortable to wear.
ALWAYS carry water.
Regardless of where you’re going, ALWAYS bring water for both your Pomeranian and yourself. Dogs drink a lot more water when it’s hot and by giving them more water more frequently, you can help prevent dehydration. If you’re going for a long walk, stop every 20 minutes or so and have a short rest and some water. You can buy canine water coolers that have room to insert ice cubes to keep the water cold and a lid that doubles as a drinking bowl.
Protect his nose.
As with humans, a dog’s nose is very vulnerable to sunburn. After the top layer gets damaged, it will start peeling. If you don’t take action to heal it, it can start to crack and more serious problems may happen. Dab a balm or snout butter on his nose 15 mins before venturing into the hot sun can keep his leather healthy and provide the necessary protection.
- Protect your Pomeranian’s belly. Toy dogs are closer to the ground than larger dog breeds which means their stomach is extra sensitive and more prone to sunburn due to light reflected off the ground. It’s wise to rub some canine sunblock on his groin and stomach areas if you plan on being out for more than 30 minutes in Summer. If you’re going to a lake, the beach or some other place that has both sand and/or water that may reflect the UV rays, you need to use protection for your Pom’s belly, nose and paws. Always better to be safe than sorry.
Prevention of coat and skin dryness.
The harsh Summer sun can cause multiple possible problems. The sun has a gradual burning effect and may even change your Pom’s fur colour. A brown or black fur colour may gain a reddish tinge. The sun may cause itchiness and/or peeling as the skin dries out. To prevent such problems, use a good quality leave-in conditioner. The light spray helps prevent any harm and if you select the right product, it will also work as a deodoriser, making your pet smell clean and fresh. You don’t need to use much. Spray and then brush his coat downwards so the conditioner is distributed properly. Don’t be tempted to have your Pomeranian clipped. Clipping your Pomeranian wont keep him cool as the double coated works to insulate and keep our Pom cool in summer and warm in Winter. Double coated dog breeds like the Pomeranian often develop a condition called Post-Clipping Alopecia after clipping.
Use a bandana.
A canine cooling bandana is a terrific method for keeping your beloved Pom cool and comfortable when it’s hot, regardless of whether he’s inside or outside. Choose one that’s suitable for toy breeds or it will be too heavy on his neck. Another option is to get a “regular” bandana in cold water and secure it to your Pom’s neck, like a collar, with space for you to slip in two fingers between his neck and the bandana.
Travelling in the car with your Pomeranian during Summer.
Here are some safety precautions to keep in mind if you take your Pom in the car with you on a hot day:
- Each time you take your Pom in the car, first start the engine and then turn on the air conditioning (AC) to start cooling it down. Cars get extremely hot when parked in the hot sun. Open the windows as well because then the hot air will be pushed out. Then shut them so the cooler air can circulate.
- Touch your Pom’s car seat and ensure it’s not too hot. (For example, the steering wheel gets too hot to touch in Summer).
- While you may love the cold air vent blowing directly on you, toy breeds are very sensitive to changes in the temperature so his vent can’t blow directly on him.
- If your beloved Pomeranian gets car sick, open his window a small amount in addition to the AC running as it tends to settle that nauseous feeling. (This works equally well for people).
- Depending on how high his seat is, you may need car shades so his eyes aren’t being subjected to direct bright sunlight. That can cause discomfort and increase car sickness.
Swimming pool precautions for your Pom.
The first thing to understand is that dogs are NOT all excellent swimmers automatically. This is a myth. If you have a big pool, it will take time for your dog to learn how to stay afloat so here are a few safety tips to help him:
1) Never throw your dog into any body of water. While he’ll instinctively dog paddle as best as he can to get to land again, it’s not the best way to teach him how much fun he can have while swimming. It may even scare him.
2) Always supervise him when he’s swimming, even if he appears to be having fun. Dogs can easily grow tired and find it difficult to get out of the water.
3) The majority of swimming pools contain lots of chlorine to ensure the water is clean. This can irritate your Pom’s eyes so check to see if they’re red. This can be eased with a canine solution of saline. If the chlorine is left on his fur and skin, it can cause severe dryness so ensure you always rinse him thoroughly after he has a swim/play in the pool.
Heat stress and possible stroke.
You can take every possible precaution to ensure your Pomeranian’s health is good during Summer but it’s impossible to know how he will react in all situations. If he suffers from heat stress, you need to immediately cool him down before it becomes heat stroke, which may be fatal. You must learn all the symptoms and signs of heat stress in your Pomeranian and what to do the moment you notice any sign or symptom.
Heat stress (Hyperthermia) occurs when your dog’s internal temperature hits 103°F. Heat stroke occurs at 106°F or more. It’s extremely dangerous and could cause failure of multiple organs.
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Pomeranian Puppy Playpen
If you had to choose ONE product that would give your Pomeranian more happiness than you could have thought possible, it’s the humble playpen.
A great playpen with the right set-up can affect your Pom’s daily life in a variety of ways so let’s have a look at the reasons for this.
Playpens vs Crates.
FACT: There’s a gigantic difference between a playpen (also called an exercise pen) and a crate (also called a cage).
The crate: Crates used to be a popular method for keeping your dog in one place when you couldn’t watch him and/or as a place to sleep. They don’t help with house-training and often work in the reverse.
The positive news is that they’re rarely used today because they’re small, claustrophobic in nature and can cause emotional and physical stress in your dog.
The playpen: A playpen is more spacious, with difference spaces for sleeping, eating and eliminating. They’re comfortable, help with house-training and make your dog feel safe and happy.
The Top Four Benefits of Exercise Playpens (counting down):
4. As a house-breaking tool. The most common problem with all dogs is that they poo and pee wherever they want, inside and outside. Every time your Pomeranian wakes up, take him outside to show him where to do his business. This includes his night sleep and all naps. Take him before bedtime, approx. 20 minutes after eating, and at other times of the day, according to his age. (For example, 3 hours if he’s 3 months old and 4 hours if he’s 4 months old)
At times when you’re keeping your pet right beside you, you can watch him and the moment you think he needs to go, take him outside immediately. Apart from these examples, use his playpen so he adjusts his habits accordingly. Then you won’t have to worry about “little accidents.”
- To prevent destructive chewing. If he’s teething or may simply love chewing, you’ll soon learn that he’ll chew anything he can, and even try things to see if he can or can’t chew them.
If you’re watching him and you see him heading for something that’s NOT one of his toys, you have two choices. Either use a corrector spray as it sprays a short burst that stops your dog immediately, or clap your hands loudly. Then give him a toy to chew instead.
If you can’t watch your Pom, put him in his pen because he’ll have plenty of toys to chew and you won’t worry that he’s getting into mischief. Eventually, by monitoring and changing his behaviour, he’ll stop chewing things that aren’t for him on a permanent basis.
- To keep your Pomeranian safe. Your Pom’s safety is a major priority for you so you should go through your house, preferably before you even bring your puppy home for the first time, but also on a routine basis, and “puppy-proof” your home. Electric cords are a popular chewable item but can be lethal if charged. Cords can be concealed or moved off the floor so he can’t get to them. Socks are a source of interest because they have the scent of the wearer.
Anything on the floor or anywhere within his reach can be hazardous to his health. This includes: dropped paper clips, pins, needles, pen caps, coins, wrapping from food and so on. You may also drop food that’s poisonous to dogs or other things equally harmful. Keep all cleaning products in a closed cupboard. You need to crawl and even lay down on the floor so you can see things through the eyes of your Pom. The safest place for your Pom is in his pen, especially if you’re not home or can’t watch him.
An important point: ALL members of your family should be made aware of the dangers facing your Pom. They may drop something that seems innocent enough to them but your Pom could be harmed by it.
1. Separation Anxiety (SA). This is a major problem with dogs, especially puppies if they haven’t lived with you for long. The playpen is designed to keep him happy and ease any anxiety he may feel. Most breeds face this at times but for some reason, Pomeranians are more prone to it as they’re developed as lap dogs, in need of human interaction as much as possible. They may feel lost, lonely and have overwhelming feelings of isolation.
Creating a safe, comfortable environment will ease these feelings. Bigger spaces can make it worse. If he has the whole house to himself, that is worse than only having his pen. A good quality bed, toys, food and water and room to move are all aspects of a playpen that need to be designed properly.
Have some pee pads in his toilet area so he doesn’t soil the rest of the pen. Dogs don’t often mess their own possessions, especially if you have set up a space for him to do his business when you’re not around.
He can chase his round toys around the pen and they can’t escape. Companion and speaking toys are ideal. Have looped relaxation music playing nearby to calm him.
Summary of the benefits of using playpens.
Now you have learned a playpen can:
- Keep your Pomeranian secure and safe.
- Help housetrain him.
- Prevent him from chewing items he shouldn’t chew.
- Make him comfortable because of his bed, toys, water, food and bathroom area all being in one space.
- Play his calming music.
Qualities Shared by the Best playpens:
The pen needs to be a good size so it doesn’t feel like a cage. Instead, it should feel comfortable and safe.
- It must be portable so it can be placed in any room and even taken when you visit friends or family so he can still feel comfortable, despite being around strangers.
- It’s essential that it has a door because your Pom shouldn’t associate his pen with anything negative (e.g. like you going out). While you’re home, leave the pen door open so he can roam around, but can also get a toy from there or even have a nap.
Best Playpens for Pomeranians.
I use a playpen for the Dochlaggie Pomeranians and recommend the following puppy exercise pens.
You have two main choices, depending on your Pom’s needs and what you need from it.
Mesh/cloth pop-up playpens. These are great if you have carpet as they protect the carpet. They’re similar to a room in that there’s a floor, walls and a roof (if needed). The door is either a Velcro or zipper flap.
They’re made from mesh and washable/breathable cloth and open a bit like pop-up tents. They can be used indoors and outdoors and many of them also have a carry bag so you can pack up easily for travel.
Gated, heavy-duty plastic pens. The other fine choice. If your home has tile, wood or other flooring types, they’re easily cleaned. There’s no roof and the sides have gates that your dog can look out if he wishes. The better quality models use a heavy-duty plastic that’s moulded, simple to clean and long-lasting. Some have doors and others don’t but it’s better to have a door.
If you’re concerned about your Pomeranian’s safety, consider the purchase of a pen with a lid.
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Your Pomeranian may be accustomed to being the “baby” of your family. Then you discover you’re about to have a human baby and some big things will need to change. However, if you put some training options in place (both before and after baby has arrived), your household can continue to run quite smoothly. If people have problems with their baby and dog, it’s because they didn’t plan for the changes in advance.
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Do you like seeing your Pomeranian in pain? How about shedding hair, having hot spots, ear infections, flaky, dry skin and excessive itchiness? As a caring owner, you certainly don’t want your Pom to suffer in any way. The answer is simple; if you’re not already doing so, add Omega-3 to your dog’s diet to keep him healthy.
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