Merle Pomeranians

Merle Pomeranians

Blue Merle Pomeranian ( photo courtesy of Thanks to Alane Levinsohn)

Blue Merle Pomeranian ( photo courtesy of  Alane Levinsohn)

Breeders of Merle Pomeranian have made great improvements to the Merle Pomeranians. The quality has improved very quickly and Merle Pomeranians of exquisite type are now a regular sight in the show ring. We now have Champion Merle Pomeranians. A wonderful achievement by clever, knowledgeable and dedicated Pomeranian owners/exhibitors and breeders.

While most merle Pomeranian puppies are incredibly beautiful , there is important merle genetic information that is invaluable to Pomeranian breeders and purchasers of Merle Pomeranians .

Newcomers to the World of Pomeranians should also be aware that Merle Pomeranians are also a very recent addition to the Pomeranian World.

To be fair the same could be said about most of the other Pomeranian colors, but we must mention that the stud book, way back when Queen Victoria imported Marco and other Pomeranians from the continent, was not a closed stud book.The Pomeranian as a Breed was really only in early stages of developement.
In the very early 1800’s we did not have the rainbow of Pomeranian colors available now.

From the “Sportmans Cabinet” published 1804 “this breed is termed the Pomeranian or Wolf-dog, and the colour is referred to as being “mostly of a pale yellow or cream colour, and lightest in the lower parts; some are white, some few black, and others, but very rarely, spotted.”

Many long term Pomeranian Breeders have expressed concerns about the Merle Pomeranians sudden appearance on the scene. A simple fact is that Merle is caused by a domain gene. So a merle dog must have at least one merle parent.

Merle is a color combination in dogs’ coats. It is a solid base color (usually red/brown or black) with lighter blue/gray or reddish patches, which gives a mottled or uneven speckled effect. Although most breeds that can have merle coats also typically have white markings (such as around the neck, under the belly, and so on), and often tan points (typically between the white and the darker parts of the coat), these are separate colors from the merle; some dogs do appear completely merle with no white or tan markings.

Merle may also alter other colors and patterns other than the usual red or black. These other possible combinations such as Brindle Merle or Liver Merle are not typically accepted in many breed standards.

In addition to altering base coat color, merle also modifies eye color and coloring on the nose and paw pads. The merle gene modifies the dark pigment in the eyes, occasionally changing dark eyes to blue, or part of the eye to be colored blue. Since merle causes random modifications, however, both dark-eyed, blue-eyed, and odd-colored eyes are possible. Color on paw pads and nose may be mottled pink and black.

There are many genetic problems associated with the merle gene, that breeders and owners of merle Pomeranian need to be aware of.

Deafness: The association of merle coloration and deafness is well established.

Eye Defects: The Hanover Veterinary School has studied merle dogs since 1971. Studies on the eyes of these dogs have revealed the following results. All the normal mm dogs were devoid of eye anomalies while all the MM animals had a series of eye defects. These included the absence of the Tapetum lucidum, lack of retinal pigment, a rudimentary lens, microphthalmia, microcornea, microcoria and other more minor conditions. Mm cases also had similar eye problems although less severe in most instances.

MM Merle dog from breeding a merle to a merle.
Mm Merle dog with one non mere parent.
mm None merile dog.

Sterility: Research done at Hanover Veterinary School over a 30 year period on Merle dogs revealed impairment of sperm production in both Merle dogs [Mm] and dogs from Merle to Merle breedings [MM].

Breeding merle to merle Pomeranians.

Merle Pomeranian to Merle Pomeranian should yield 50% of the progeny merle, 25% black and 25% white. The whites produced from these mating’s will be both deaf and blind.”

Merle is actually a heterozygote of an incomplete dominance gene. If two such dogs are mated, on the average one quarter of the puppies will be double merles (“double dilute”) and a high percentage of these double merle puppies could have eye defects and/or be deaf. Knowledgeable Pomeranian breeders who want to produce merle pomeranian puppies mate a merle pomeranian with a non-merle pomeranian dog; these breeding’s produce will produce merle pomeranian puppies.

 

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Cream Sable Pomeranian. Photos and Description.

Cream Sables:

A cream sable Pomeranian is born a sooty grey. The grey fades until the Pomeranian, at around 8 months of age, appears as a cream with black tipping to the guard hairs. The primary difference between a cream sable and a wolf sable may sometimes be confusing. A cream sable should not possess grey tones in the undercoat, just clear cream.

Pictured above: Cream Sable Pomeranian puppies.

Pictured above: Cream Sable Pomeranian puppies.

Pictured above: Cream Sable Pomeranian adult.

Pictured above: Cream Sable Pomeranian adult.

Cream Pomeranians

Cream: Cream is an extremely pale orange. Creams should be self-coloured, with no white breechings. Because of the harsher texture of the guard hairs, the top coat may appear darker. Cream Pomeranians must possess black eye rims, nose, lips and pads and these puppies are typically white at birth.

Pictured above: Cream Pomeranian puppies.

Pictured above: Cream Pomeranian puppies.

Pictured above: Cream Pomeranian adults.

Pictured above: Cream Pomeranian adults.

Sable Pomeranians

Shaded sables are coats which are shaded all through with three or more colours. This shading must be as consistent as is possible with no areas of self-colour.  Orange sables must have an orange body, lighter orange or even creamy undercoat with black tipping on guard hairs. Red: Red Pomeranians are a intense shade of rust. A Red Sable Pomeranian is a deep rust coloured Pom with black tipping to the guard hairs.  

Pictured above: Orange sable Pomeranian puppies.

Pictured above: Orange sable Pomeranian puppies.

Pictured above: Orange Sable Champion Pomeranians

Pictured above: Orange Sable Champion Pomeranians

Orange Pomeranians

Orange: A clear vibrant colour, which, at the moment, is the most favoured of all colourings. Orange Pomeranians may vary from an intense deep rust right through to a rich gold and a light honey blonde colour. There are two types of Orange in the Pomeranian. Oranges can be born a sable colour or a clear orange. Puppies born a darkish sable frequently clear to a lovely orange at maturity. The other type of orange Pomeranian is born very pale and, in some instances, almost as white as a new-born. The coat colour with this type of orange will deepen until, at maturity, this puppy is also an orange. The orange Pomeranian-born sable will, as an adult, have darker points than the puppy born very light cream or pale gold.

Pictured above: Orange Pomeranian puppies

Pictured above: Orange Pomeranian puppies

Pictured above: Orange Champion Pomeranian adults

Pictured above: Orange Champion Pomeranian adults

Black & Tan Pomeranians

Tan or rust is sharply defined, appearing above each eye and on the muzzle, throat, and fore chest, on all legs and feet and below the tail. The richer the tan, the more desirable. The tan often darkens with maturity. Black and Tan Pomeranian Puppy.

Pictured Top: Black and Tan Pomeranian Puppy. Pictured Bottom : Black and Tan Adult Pomeranian

 

Black Pomeranians

The Black Pomeranian’s coat consists of black guard hairs with a black undercoat.  Eye rims, pads and nose must be also be black.

Black Pomeranian and black Pomeranian puppies.

Black Pomeranian and black Pomeranian puppies.

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