We’re in the coldest season of all, Winter, so it’s normal to face icy cold weather, whether you’re human or canine. Heating pads for dogs may be the solution to keep your Pom warm in Winter.
The good news is that canine heating pads are a common product to keep your beloved pet warm. Manufactures have a tough time finding ways to stand out from the crowd. Here are a few tips to assist you when deciding which heating pad is ideal to keep your Pomeranian warm.
Unfortunately a lot of pets simply can’t cope with the severe hot and cold seasons they experience during their lifetime. As humans and owners, we may falsely believe that because they play in the icy snow for a short while, that it’s ok. The majority of dogs don’t have protection against the extremes of cold weather.
Do I need a heating pad for my Pomeranian?
Poms vary in shape, size and weight. Some are very lightweight while others are carrying extra pounds. Coats may be coarser in some while others maybe much lighter. Perhaps your Pomeranian may have been clipped short or suffer from coat loss problems. Here are vital points you must think about if you’re considering the purchase of a heating pad for your Pom.
There are times when the temperature affects a dog more than usual. Here are the times when you need to consider whether your dog needs a dog heating pad: • If you have a puppy or a fairly young dog. • If your dog is a senior citizen of the dog world. • If your dog is female and is pregnant or nursing.
If you take your Pomeranian for a walk or if he spends time in your back yard, not having a heating pad may be harmful to his health, especially if it’s a recurrence. While walking your dog, you’ll see if the weather is affecting him. If he appears to be very cold, then it’s time to purchase a top quality heating pad.
Electric Dog Heating Pads
Heating pads that are electric are the best because they can heat your dog on even the coldest of nights. However, there are also dangers to using this type. Your dog might chew through the pad itself and then go further into the electric wiring, or may wet his bed and electrocute himself in the process. How shocking!
While there are both negatives and positives when it comes to using heating pads, spend a bit more and buy the best quality heating pads you can. Don’t buy cheap and nasty heat pads because you’ll face greater risks when it comes to the safety of your beloved Pomeranian. The best quality pads are waterproof and can’t be chewed through to the wiring.
Here are some of the best pads you can buy:
The K&H Manufacturing Lectro-Kennel Heated Pad with a FREE 22.5″ x 28.5″ large cover. It’s made for outside use and has been strengthened so it can handle the coldest temperatures and harshest elements the weather provides. It’s also tough enough to deal with typical wear and tear due to its tough ABS plastic and 5.5 foot cord wrapped in steel, all designed to ensure your pet is well-protected.
An extra positive factor is that you’ll save money on your power bill (as well as helping to save our planet) as it uses a low wattage and a self-controlled system that won’t ever exceed your beloved pet’s body temperature. K&H also includes a cover to keep it clean and it’s machine-washable to boot.
Thermal self-heating pads.
Many owners don’t need a super-sophisticated electric heat pad. They easily handle he cold weather with a normal self-heating pad for their dog. They’re sheepskin or fleece throws and are sold as “heating pads” for dogs, at a higher price tag.
Instead of wasting money on a throw, it’s a better idea to buy a good quality thermal mat that’s self-heating and will keep your dog warm. The Scruffs Thermal has been specifically designed and made for dogs for this situation.
When they say “built specifically for dogs,” it means they can handle the digging and scratching that a typical dog would do. It’s also machine washable because you can’t expect your dog to stay clean all the time.
Microwavable pet warmers.
I personally use Microwavable pet warmers for the Dochlaggie Pomeranians and recommend the SnuggleSafe pet bed heating pads. Lots of breeders and dog owners suggest using pet warmers if you have an inside dog. They’re easy to use and give enough warmth for hours. They’re handy if you have a Pomeranian or other toy dog that lives in the house but won’t last long outside. However, your home should be properly insulated or they may not function the right way.
A dog warmer only needs a few minutes in the microwave and then you put it either near him or underneath him or his bed. It’s impossible to get anything wrong because it’s so simple. It’s always wise to have a couple handy as they’re cheap and there will be times when you need one.
Teddy Bear, Baby Doll and Fox Face are several nicknames often used by Pom lovers when describing specific faces of Pomeranians.
Are there 3 Different Pomeranian Faces?
Formally, the answer is NO. The standard for Pomeranians contains two phrases: “foxy in outline” and “fox-like expression”. This isn’t saying that Pomeranians MUST have a face or a head which resembles a fox. This mention of “foxy in outline” and “fox-like” expression has caused much confusion; with some not realising this reference doesn’t mean a long nosed, old fashioned type Pomeranian.
The Pomeranian head pictured left; is an incorrect Pomeranian face and is more typical of the German Spitz dog. This dog unfortunately doesn’t have enough head coat, he has large ears, this dog lacks a correct stop and he has a long nose. This type of Pomeranian could be described as “Fox Faced “.
As a standard guideline, the tip of the nose to the stop and from the stop to the back of the head will measure 1:2 in the majority of Pomeranians.
The face of the cute Pom you can see right could be described as having a face like a teddy bear. Multi Best in Show Supreme Champion Dochlaggie Dragon Heart could be described as a “Teddy Bear “Pomeranian. There’s a distinct difference in the shape of his face. Unlike the above image, this Pom’s nose is significantly shorter with a well defined stop and the cheeks appear to be fuller. This Pom also has correct full head and body coat.
This Pomeranian could be described as having a “baby doll” type head. As you can see, this look is similar to teddy bear Pomeranians, having a very short muzzle or nose, but differs with this type of Pomeranian head being dainty in appearance, not being as chunky and broad as the teddy bear faced Pom.
How Many Pomeranian Face Types Exist?
Baby doll and teddy bear faces are not official Pomeranian terms or official types mentioned in the Breed Standard. These descriptive nicknames are often used by slick salespeople to sell litters quickly. They’re also used by puppy buyers looking for a top quality Pom that would have similarities to a show Pom. To guarantee that you get a Pomeranian that matches the breed standard, you should always purchase from an active show breeder of Champions. Click here to locate the most reputable Pomeranian breeders within a short distance from where you live.
The Term Teddy Bear Pomeranian Face May have other Meanings.
One reason why you may call a Pomeranian a teddy bear isn’t connected to his face. Instead it’s a nickname sometimes used to describe a type of coat trim. Trimming him to resemble Boo the Pom is just one example and it could be named the teddy bear trim.
In the section called “Clipping the Pomeranian,” I explain that a lot of care must be taken when trimming because many years of selective breeding has produced the Pom’s thick double coat.
The Standard demands Pomeranians have double layered coats. The outer layer (aka guard hairs) are long and stronger. The inner coat layer is short, soft and dense. If the outer coat is trimmed right down to the under coat, it’s likely that the Pom’s coat may never grow back properly. Having explained this, Pomeranians can gain many benefits from being careful trimmed. Careful trimming can create shape and balance and even make him look like a teddy bear Pom. If you don’t trim enough, you can always touch it up later. If you trim too much in an attempt to get that teddy look, it’s too late and it can easily take years to grow back if at all.
You’ll most likely know ahead of time that you’re going to get a puppy and this is means you can draw up an action plan that includes a list of puppy supplies you will need for your new Pomeranian. By the time you get home with the newest addition to your family, you’ll be as fully prepared as possible.
Dog playpen or gates.
Most new owners believe keeping a new puppy in his crate whenever he’s not being watched closely is the typical action to take. However, there are a few negatives to doing this:
• It may be regarded as a case of neglect if you confine your puppy to a tiny crate.
• If he’s kept confined in this manner, he may start feeling extremely stressed, possibly leading your puppy to cry, bark, yelp and whine more and he may become more depressed as a result.
• Puppy has nothing to stop him defecating and/or urinating each time he needs to do so and wherever he’s standing within the crate.
Your playpen or gated area needs certain elements to make it a comfortable “home” for your new puppy.
The Pomeranian Puppy Supplies list includes:
• A high quality dog bed. Don’t leave him to sleep on solid ground where he can cause wear and tear on his elbows. It must be comfortable and warm.
• Food and water. (the rules for food and drink differ according to his age and other variables.
A carrier crate.
If you’re not personally collecting your puppy, he’ll come in a crate. Such crates are great tools for housetraining and are useful when you go travelling or as a bed. Vets will often request that you take your beloved puppy to his clinic in a carrier crate, to help avoid the spreading of infectious diseases (e.g. Dog Flu or Kennel Cough) so he has the best possible method for controlling all animals in his clinic. Once you have found the right vet for your puppy’s needs, talk to him about his protocols regarding crating your puppy for clinic visits.
Good breeders will supply a diet chart as part of his file. Follow this to the letter for the first few weeks and make any dietary changes gradual. This also applies to “old food” he had been eating, and whatever new food/brands you may change to using.
The key to dietary changes is to make them gradually, not quickly. The majority of puppies can’t cope with fast changes in their diet so have plenty of both the old and new foods so you set the gradual pace for the changes. Breeders sometimes offer food samples for new puppy owners, but these will only last 1-2 days. Get plenty of information regarding the variety and brands of food your puppy has enjoyed eating prior to you taking ownership. If you have enough food to last your pup for two weeks, that will be a good starting point from where to begin making gradual changes.
Giving your puppy tap water could result in tummy upsets. So for the first few weeks at least, ensure your Pomeranian only drinks bottled water.
Some people use peepads, others use newspaper and some litter-train their pups. Talk to your breeder and buy the similar product for your puppy to use.
Water and food bowls.
Bowls should be shallow for puppies so they don’t keep hitting their head or nose against the side when drinking and/or eating. All dogs should only use stainless steel or ceramic bowls. Puppies and dogs can be allergic to bowls made of plastic. Bowls that have heavy dyes may leak into the food. Plastic bowls become scratched and nicked easily, and bacteria can grow from these areas. If your puppy’s bowl is coloured, it can discolour his facial hair. These bowls are light so they can be kicked, pushed or tripped over very easily. Please also refer to the article called “Right food and water bowls for Pomeranians.”
A dog bed.
You must make a decision early on regarding where your puppy will sleep. This will quickly become his habit. If you would like him snuggled up in bed for you, think first. He may love it and you may also love it…right now, but what happens in five years, 10 years or more? Adult dogs can sleep in an owner’s bed but a Pomeranian puppy is small and he won’t be housebroken yet, so think of the problems ahead if that’s where he will sleep. He’s best off in a comfortable bed of his own. When he’s an adult, you may decide to allow him to sleep in your bed. Regardless of your decision, he must have a suitable dog bed for times when you’re not home or when he needs a nap.
It’s critical that you select the right toys for your pet Pomeranian because they can help your puppy in many ways.
• Improves his ability to calm himself when he’s alone.
• The quality of his sleep.
• How much boredom he experiences. Because this is such a big decision, read more information in the article on “Pomeranians and Toys.”
A canine car seat.
Thoughts differ on whether a car seat or a crate is the safest when they take their dog in the car. This is not an item that needs to be purchased within the first week or so. Spend time shopping around for a seat to ensure the product you buy is safe and strong and will last your puppy well into adulthood. It’s critical that you learn as much as possible about canine travelling and the ideal products that comfortable, safe and reduce motion sickness. Read the article – “Selecting The Ideal Car Seat For Your Pomeranian” for extra details.
A good veterinarian.
Although a vet isn’t a product supplier (generally speaking), you must check your contract of sale as most breeders will stipulate that you must take your new Pomeranian puppy to the vet for a complete physical within 24, 48 or 72 hours from the day when your new pet arrives.
a. The breeder – Although breeders will guarantee your puppy has no genetic health problems, your vet needs to run a full gamut of tests to verify that your puppy did come home with no health problems you’re not aware of.
b. The puppy – The breeder has had the all clear from his vet, this examination will verify he’s healthy and happy.
c. You – Owning a puppy is a huge responsibility so you’ll want peace of mind by confirming that the puppy you receive is healthy and then it’s your job to ensure he remains healthy.
The ideal vet for your Pomeranian may not be near you. It’s highly recommended that you interview a minimum of three vets within a decent driving range to gain a better understanding of how they work and care for the animals they treat. Make an appointment so you know you have time to get to know the vet and his practice.
Questions you can ask include:
• How many Pomeranians are current patients? He needs experience in treating Pomeranians.
• Do they answer after hours calls? If they say no, you don’t need to waste more time.
• Do they have support staff who are available over the weekends and after hours? If not, you can stop right there as you need a 2am call to be answered if your Pom has hurt himself badly.
• Will they do a house call if urgent? How do they define an urgent matter? Your Pom may be too unwell for you to drive him to the vet.
• How long has the vet been practising? Sure, it’s great to try out new people but when it comes to the health of your puppy, 2-3 years’ worth of experience is a minimum requirement.
• What are their requirements regarding bringing in your ill Pom? The right answer is that he should be in a crate and, perhaps, brought in through a different door as he may be affected by other dogs who may be highly contagious. Read the “How To Choose A Veterinarian” article for added information.
Details of the differences between the Pomeranian and other German Spitz dog breeds.
The German Spitz and the Pomeranian share the same ancestry. The Poms were larger dogs in the early days, and were used for hunting, herding and almost everything else their owners required of them.
Because the two breeds are very closely related, they’re similar in many ways and comparing their sizes, colours and physical characteristics helps you better appreciate the ways in which they do differ.
Both breeds originated in Germany but the Pomeranian, as a breed, was developed in the United Kingdom. Pomeranians are smaller today than 100 years ago and are classified as a toy dog breed because of their small size.
The Pom is a short-backed, compact toy dog who thrives on being active. His double coat comprises of a harsh-textured, profuse, long outer coat and a dense short undercoat.
A breed characteristic of the Pomeranian is the heavily plumed, high set tail. The Pomeranian is the only spitz type dog whose tail should lie flat and straight up his back.
The Pom is inquisitive, alert, intelligent and expressive. He’s sound in action and composition and is buoyant in the way he carries himself. The Pomeranian is animated, commanding and cocky in nature. An average Pomeranian weighs 2 – 3 kgs but if you wish to show your Pom, his weight should be 1.8 – 2.2 kgs.
In FCI countries, the Spitz is a group of Spitz dogs, each governed by size/height.
• Wolfspitz/Keeshond. 49cm +/- 6cm.
• Giant Spitz. 46cm +/- 4cm.
• Medium size Spitz. 34cm +/- 4cm.
• Miniature Spitz. 26cm +/- 3cm.
• Toy Spitz/Pomeranian. 20cm +/- 2cm.
• Dogs under 18 cm are undesirable.
Each separate variety of the Spitz will have a specific weight that matches its size.
They can be any colour or combination of colours and they generally live a long life. As with the Pomeranian, these dogs are generally happy, agile, highly intelligent and buoyant. They’re happy to do as little or as much as you want. However, if left alone for long periods, they can become noisy and misbehave. They do enjoy barking and will warn you if something is happening or if an intruder is at the door.
In the USA and the UK, the German Spitz competes in the utility group. In Australia & New Zealand the German Spitz is in the non-sporting group.
During the late 1970s, the German Spitz were imported into the U.K. in an attempt to resurrect colours lost to the breed in that country. Mrs. Averil Cawthera imported Spitz wanting to reintroduce the white Pom (as opposed to the German Spitz). Many imports came from Holland and they included Tum-Tum van het Vlinderhof of Lireva.
The introduction of these dogs into the English Pomeranian world caused considerable angst amongst Pomeranian breeders and exhibitors until, in 1984, the kennel club intervened and set up a separate register for the German Spitz. At the Annual Meeting of the Pomeranian Club in 1978, a motion was moved to consider “to note persons placing the Victorian Pomeranians.”
In 1982, a special general meeting of the Pomeranian Club was held in an attempt to resolve the issue of the German Spitz. Prior to the separate register, several of the imports had been bred with Pomeranians and some of the top winning Pomeranians today have German Spitz imports way back in their pedigree.
Many years ago dog fanciers brought varieties of the German Spitz from Germany to the US and named them American Eskimos.
What is the difference between Pomeranian and German Spitz?
The FCI countries include Pomeranians in the group of Spitz dogs as a Toy Spitz/ Pomeranian and the standard states that the height at the withers for Toy Spitz/ Pomeranian needs to be 20 cms +/- 2cm. Australia, the U.K., the U.S.A., Canada and numerous other countries place the Pom in the toy dog category and he competes in the Toy group.
The Pomeranian breed standards for U.K., the U.S.A., Canada state weight requirements instead of a height. With U.S.A. and Canada having the Pomeranian between 3 and 7 lbs and the other countries 4-5 lb. (1.8-2.3 kg).
Pom ratio of length of muzzle to skull is 1/3 to 2/3. The small ears are erect and mounted high. The proper set of ears is preferred to the size and ears will often be hidden in the ruff.
In contrast the head of a German Spitz is flat on top but is shaped like a broad wedge. The muzzle should be roughly half the length of his head so, when compared to a Pom, the muzzle is longer when factoring the animal’s size.
Their ears should be triangle in shape and set high on his head. They will always be visible, unlike Poms where the ears may be too small to notice if they’re hidden in the Pomeranian’s abundant coat.
The Tail-Sets of Pomeranian and the German Spitz Differ.
The Pom’s heavily-plumed tail lies flat and straight on his back. His buttocks are behind the tail’s set. The German Spitz’s tail curls over the back and is carried to one side or curls into a ring shape.
Pomeranian VS German Spitz Coat
Abundant outer coat. Forelegs are well-feathered. His hind legs and thighs have a heavy coat that runs to the hock, creating a skirt. You can trim your Pom to ensure he’s neat for the show ring.
German Spitz’s Coat:
When seen in silhouette, the German Spitz doesn’t have enough coat to resemble the Pom.
The standard is: “Abundant around neck and forequarters with a frill of profuse, but not excessive.” Because the Spitz dogs are usually in bigger proportions, the compact look of the Pomeranian isn’t there. The German Spitz isn’t a breed that needs trimming except for the legs beneath the hocks, the anal area and the feet. Anything else isn’t acceptable.
Why do some ” Poms” look more like the German Spitz?
“Pomeranians” bred by breeders who don’t compete at dog shows will frequently resemble the German Spitz more than the Pomeranian.
This is more often a result of poor breeding practises rather than having a German Spitz in the dog’s pedigree. If you wish the option available is to have the parentage of your dog verified with DNA testing.
Similar can occur in colour breeding programs. Pomeranian breed type often quickly deteriorates and reverts to German Spitz type. Coat, size, shortness of back and pigmentation are usually the first breed qualities to deteriorate with white to white Pom breedings.
This syndrome can be called “return to from whence it came” or “drag of the breed” and is evidence of the breed’s origins. Enjoy and love your little dog regardless of his ancestry.
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References and Further Reading  Denise Leo “The Pomeranian Handbook”.  Kimbering Pomeranians “1891-1991”.
Where can you Buy a Miniature Pomeranian, Toy Pomeranian or Teacup Pomeranian ?
Basically the answer is nowhere. I have found after talking with people who are enquiring about purchasing a Miniature Pomeranian, Toy Pomeranian, Pocket Pomeranian or Teacup Pomeranian these people are actually asking to purchase the correct show size Pomeranian.
Always purchase your Pomeranian from a reputable, registered SHOW breeder. A Show breeder breeds Pomeranians conforming closely to the Pomeranian breed standard, so you can expect a puppy purchased from these sources to mature at between 3 and 7 lbs.
Avoid “breeders” who advertise their puppies as Toy, Pocket, Teacup or Miniature Pomeranians. Ask your breeder about health testing, are the parents Champions ?, and DNA profiling.
This is a very small dog. Pomeranian Puppies are usually between 2 and 5 oz at birth
Adult Pomeranians can range in height from about Height: 8 – 11″ (20.3 – 27.9cm).
The Pom breed standard deviates from most others by requiring the female to be slightly larger than the male.
No dog breed, such as Miniature Pomeranian, Toy Pomeranian, Pocket Pomeranian or Pomeranian Teacup exist….just POMERANIANS.
The very first Pomeranian breed standard is dated 1898. This early standard makes no mention of size and it is not until the 1950 breed standard that we find a reference to the desired weight range for the Pomeranian breed “ 4 to 4.5. lbs for males and 4.5. lbs to 5.5 lbs for females “.
There is no mention in either the 1909 or 1925 Breed Standards of any desired weight or height for the Pomeranian.
At the formation of English Pomeranian Club the breed was divided by weight into two sections : one section for Pomeranians under 8 lbs and the other section for Pomeranians over 8lbs.
Four challenge certificates were granted by the Kennel Club, one for each sex in either weight. In 1908 the Challenge Certificates where reduced to two, but after requests to the kennel Club the number of Challenge Certificates for Pomeranians was again reinstated to Four Challenge Certificates. In 1915 the Kennel Club withdrew the Challenge Certificates for the over 8lb Pomeranians. After 1915. the Pomeranian should weigh under 7lb at maturity.
Prospective Pomeranian owners are often confused by advertising when buying a Pomeranian.
A lot of this confusion is caused by dubious outlets, e.g. PetShops, Backyard Breeders and unfortunately, even from some not so good registered Breeders advertising pups as Pomeranian teacup.
The correct sized Pomeranians do not have big litters. 1 to 3 Pomeranian babies in a Pomeranian litter is a the norm for a Pedigreed, Registered, Show Pomeranian .
After 40 years of experience breeding Champion Show Pomeranians, I will state that 3 to 4 Pomeranian puppies in a litter from a pedigreed, registered show Pomeranian is a large litter.
These tiny little Pomeranian dogs are not an economic viable breed for the Puppy Mills/farms and backyard Breeders. Most “Pomeranians” sourced from these type of outlets seem to be something completely different to the show Pomeranian. The puppies when very young still look cute to the uneducated eye, but as they mature these “Pomeranians” get bigger and bigger, long nosed, long backed, long legs, big eared, lack head and leg coat and very often have low tail sets.
Beware of any “breeder” advertising Pomeranians puppies by any of these terms.teacup pomeranian puppy. You can be sure that anyone who tells you they have teacup Pomeranians, miniature Pomeranians, or Toy Pomeranians for sale is not a reputable Breeder. My advice is to always purchase from a reputable breeder, so my advice to you is to avoid any “breeder” advertising or mentioning their puppies by these terms . I would look for your new family member elsewhere.
A Pomeranian dog which is recognized as show quality should be in the weight range 3 to 7 lbs. There is very good reason to have the minimum weight of 3 lbs.
There are often problems with very small animals. Among the most common to appear are associated with health and vulnerability to ailments that larger animals of that breed often take in their stride. There is usually an underlying health problem that restricts a very small puppy’s growth. Most often this health problem will be of a very serious nature.
Breeding very small Pomeranians is often fraught with problems . Natural whelping is often impossible and veterinary intervention may be required, with the resultant vet bills.
The smallest puppies in a litter often will have problems feeding naturally from their mother. The larger, stronger puppies will push the smaller sibling of the teat. Human intervention, by way of tube feeding if the puppy is very weak or bottle feeding for a slightly stronger puppy, is required if this puppy is to survive.
In most animals the small members of the litters are called “runts”. The runts are not looked at as having any breeding potential and are certainly not used in any breeding program, nor are they built up as something to be sought after. The percentage of “runts” are generally kept to a minimum in any good breeding program.
Very small Pomeranians are far more fragile than the normal sized Pomeranians. Often requiring a lot of special care during their lifetime.
Very tiny Poms are not suitable in households with young children. A small Pom can be easily killed or suffer serious injuries by being dropped by a young child.
When purchasing a Pomeranian as a family companion or pet it is always important to select the healthiest puppy available. A shortened life span on much loved family pet will have greatly affect all family members.
If you are still determined to have a very small Pomeranian ( less than 4lb as an adult ). Go to extreme lengths to ensure that you purchase a healthy and active Pomeranian puppy.
I would avoid having a small Pomeranian puppy shipped, so make arrangements to see the puppy in the fur prior to purchase. Ask about the puppy’s age.
Pomeranian puppies should not leave there mother and siblings until at least 8 weeks of age. A very small Pomeranian dog puppy should not be leaving the breeder until at least 10 to 12 weeks of age.
Patella Luxation is a health problem commonly found in small breeds of dogs such as Pomeranians, Toy and Miniature Poodles, Chihuahuas, Pekingese, Yorkshire Terriers and other small dogs and some cats as well. In the event your Pomeranian is limping, or in severe cases carrying a hind leg, veterinary advice should be sought.
Environment as well as genetic influences play a big part in the health of your Pomeranian. Correct Diet and Medication may improve this health issue. Feeding your puppy a balanced diet may help prevent many health problems later in life.
Figure 1 : Above 0 (normal) patella.
The kneecap (patella) is a very small bone found deep in the tendon of thigh muscles. The tendon is a tough inelastic band of tissue joining the bony attachment and the muscle. With patella luxation, the kneecap can slide out of its tendon and then slide back in again.
There are five grades, based on severity of the problem. Normal = 0. Number 1 signifies minimal movement of the kneecap and the dog’s owner might not be even aware of the problem. As time goes on and this disease may progress in terms of severity and duration, the lameness may occur more often until it’s there all the time. Pomeranians with severe patella luxation appear to have “bow-legged” back legs.
In grades 2, 3 and 4, surgical intervention usually proves successful.
Patella luxation – Grades Of Severity
Patella luxation has five distinct grades. Pomeranians should have patella’s evaluated yearly as grading can become progressively worse with age.
Grade 0: The patella fits snuggly into the knee joint and no movement is felt on examination by a veterinarian.
Grade 1: The patella is close to being normal. The only way to cause it to become dislocated is for digital pressure to be applied to the knee joint. Kneecap will pop back into place.
Grade 2: When the patella becomes dislocated it will stay that way. Pomeranians that suffer from this problem may have secondary osteoarthritis and joint cartilage problems if the patella is repeatedly being dislocated. Your Pom may carry his back leg for a couple of steps before putting it on the ground and walking normally.
Grade 3: Your dog’s patella is dislocated more often than not. If it’s put back in place, it has the tendency to slip out again repeatedly. Pomeranians who have this level of patella luxation also face a higher risk of the anterior cruciate ligament in the stifle rupturing. Dogs falling into this level often suffer some loss of functionality. There are more “skipping” incidents and he’ll try to avoid jumping up as it can cause pain. The patella can’t always return to its normal position.
Grade 4: Your Pomeranian’s patella is always dislocated. His legs have so much pain that he tries not to use them. He may be unable to straighten the leg and he may have little to no desire to jump or run.
Figure 2 : Above 4 (severe) patella luxation. The kneecap is dislocated out of the groove.
Correct Diet and Exercise may help prevent Patella Luxation.
Pomeranian puppies going through the teething stage who are lacking sufficient calcium in their diet might suddenly start limping or even carrying one leg. Other signs of a diet deficient in calcium include down on pastern, east west front, flopping ears and tails doing funny things.
Your Pomeranian’s diet needs to be reassessed. No red meat at all. Feed puppy tinned food and dry PUPPY food and lots of dairy products until 12 months.
Do not consider any type of patella luxation repair surgery until your Pomeranian at least 12 months. If your Vet does want to perform patella luxation repair surgery on a Pomeranian under 12 months of age, serious consideration should be given to changing your Vet.
Don’t let your Pomeranian jump up and down from furniture, beds or steps and while mild and regular exercise to build muscle may help Pomeranians with lower patella grades, avoid too much exercise.
If the problem is severe and your Pomeranian is in pain, surgery may be the only option.
Pomeranians should be removed from breeding programs if the grading is a 2, 3 or 4.
When Is Patella Repair Surgery An Option For Your Pomeranian?
Most vets generally recommend undergoing surgery if your pet has been diagnosed with a luxating patella.
Personally, I don’t often advise undergoing surgery if your dog has a floating kneecap except if your pet’s quality of life is seriously affected. If your Pomeranian can’t walk or run without feeling pain, that’s when it’s time to think about the surgical options.
If your Pomeranian’s Patella Grade is a 3 or 4, there are Two Operations to Choose From.
One is to make the trochlear wedge deeper. If your pet’s joints are flat, the surgeon will make a deeper V-shaped incision to hold his kneecap in that grove.
The other option is to tighten the joint capsule to ease tension on the ligament or patella capsule.
I recommend analysing ALL other possible non-surgical options that can add stability to your Pom’s knee BEFORE even considering correction of the problem through surgery.
If surgery is the best choice, be aware that there are always potential risks during surgery, especially from infections and anaesthetic. However, the list of risks grows longer because the procedure is carried out on one of your pet’s moving parts that’s also a weight bearing part.
The list of risks for your Pomeranian include:
If a pin is inserted into your Pom to assist with the task of holding the joint in position. The pin may move and that means more surgery to take it out. At the pin’s site, an abscess (also called a seroma) may be created and either surgery or drainage is needed.
A repair may collapse.
After your Pomeranian has undergone surgery, he’s not allowed to jump or run for approx. two months because that’s the length of time needed to fully stabilise your pet’s health once more. It’s nearly impossible to prevent your dog from being physically active so the repair may easily break down during that “restful” period.
Failed surgical procedure.
10% of canines don’t demonstrate any significant improvements after undergoing surgery. They still feel pain and it’s possible for this problem to cause more issues with other joints and bones.
Pomeranian Hip Dysplasia
Can Pomeranians suffer from Hip Dysplasia? I suppose it might be possible, but would be extremely rare. Hip Dysplasia is a problem usually associated with the larger dog breeds.
I have been actively breeding Champion Pomeranians since 1975 and have never heard or seen a Pomeranian with Hip Dysplasia.
If your Pomeranian is limping please have the issue properly investigated.
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Note that this article is for information purposes only, and is not intended to replace the advice of your veterinarian.
Taking your Pomeranian to a groomer may be a risky venture, especially if you haven‘t used that person’s services before. You need to give clear instructions on what you want done and, just as importantly, what you DON’T want done.
Shaving or clipping the coat very short on a double-coated dog like the Pomeranian may cause damage to the hair follicles. Most coats that have been clipped will start growing back almost immediately. However, it’s possible that the clipped hair may never grow back or it could take a very long time to do so.
The older your dog gets, the greater the chances are that there won’t be any growth or that it will be very slow growth. If this happens, your dog will only have his undercoat and that can give him a patchy and scruffy appearance. Shaving or clipping your Pomeranian’s coat very short may alter the coat for the rest of the dog’s life. This problem is usually referred to as post-clipping Alopecia.
Clipping the coat during the resting phase is thought to be a cause of post-clipping Alopecia which may be an advanced indicator of hypothyroidism or other problems associated with your pet’s metabolism.
The coat on a Pomeranian Dog is fur. Humans have fur on our arms and legs and hair on our head. The difference between fur and hair is that fur only grows to a certain length and hair keeps on growing.
Fur goes through a resting period called the “telogen phase” where the hair follicles are dormant. The growing phase is called the “Anagen phase.” In the Pomeranian and other Nordic breeds of dog, it’s believed that this is a short phase. Hair will grow to a predefined length (thanks to the dog’s genes). Then it stops growing and goes into the telogen resting period. The length of the two coat phases can vary according to the amount of stress your dog is experiencing. It seems pointless to buy a long-coated dog such as a Pomeranian if you’re just going to clip his coat.
If you really want to do that, perhaps you should think more about the breed of dog you want, before actually making the purchase. Also consider the amount of overall grooming involved as it’s not something you may want to do. Maybe you would prefer a dog that doesn’t need as much grooming. Pomeranians have a double layer coat. The undercoat has short, fluffy soft hairs and it acts as an insulation and helps support the much longer outer layer.
In other words, the dog stays cool in Summer and warm in Winter. The stronger, longer guard hairs help to insulate your dog against the heat from the weather and the sun itself. Evolution blessed the Pomeranian breed of dog in this manner. If you clip the coat very short, you eliminate the dog’s natural cooling and heating ability and you cause more harm than good. There’s a big contrast between dogs and people. Dogs don’t get cool through their skin. Their paw pads sweat and their major cooling method is panting. Owners also foolishly believe that shaving their dog will stop him shedding. Poms and other double-coat breeds will still shed after they have been shaved.
To sum it all up: Shaving or close clipping any dog with a double coat can severely hinder their ability to keep themselves warm and cool as required. It also helps protect their skin. The ideal way to make your Pomeranian comfortable and cool is to give him regular baths and brush his coat. Shaving should only be done if the dog’s hair is badly matted. Copyright Pomeranian.Org. All Rights Reserved.
I receive so many emails regarding toilet training or should I say toilet training gone wrong! House training your Pomeranian puppy requires much patience and perseverance in the first weeks. If you have purchased your puppy from a reputable registered breeder your task will be so much easier. Puppies born and reared in dirty condtions will be very hard to house train if not impossible to completely house train. Most registered breeders will have already commenced training your new baby to potty on newspapers or a litter tray .
Number one ruleis to restrict puppy’s unsupervised access to your home. The biggest mistake anyone can make is to bring your new Pomeranian baby home, let baby run around your home for a few days going to potty anywhere and then deciding to start potty training.
Your home will smell like puppies potty place everywhere and your task will be a lot harder and slower to achieve. The Pomeranian puppy is kept in a playpen with clean newspaper down or puppy training pads, food, water and a comfortable bed at the other end of the playpen. The Pomeranian puppy sleeps in this area and when I have to go out I leave the baby Pomeranian confined to the playpen. As soon as puppy wakes up I take him or her outside to the area I want puppy to use as a potty area.
I also take puppy to this area after meals and reward puppy when he or she has done the right thing with heaps of cuddles and tell puppy how clever and good he or she is. This takes a lot of patience and you must persevere, but doing this right in the first few weeks will pay in the long term. Accidents do and will happen.
DO NOT SMACK PUPPY, SCREAM AT OR ATTEMPT TO RUB HIS NOSE IN HIS ACCIDENT.
Any of above actions on your part will make your dog associate his actions of going potty with his human turning into a monster ! Your Pom will not associate your behaviour with the intended message he is defecating in an inappropriate place and next time he needs to go potty he will hide from you.
Immediately take puppy to the potty area. Clean up the accident immediately and ensure there is no lingering smells or puppy will use this area again and again. If your puppy has been using a rug or newspaper you can place either item in the place outside you want baby to use as the potty area. The smell will help the puppy associate this area with going to the toilet.
Purchase online at the best prices or from a lot of discount stores and pet shops ( I avoid going into petshops for fear of bringing home disease) and already smell to the puppy like urine. Place one of these where you want puppy to use as the potty place and the smell from the pads will encourage the puppy to use the pad.
Another product is Potty Patch – As Seen on TV, Small, indoor grass puppy potty. This product is a artificial grass type potty for your adult Pomeranian or puppy. Can be used indoors out outside. Easily hosed and washed. A great product if your intend to potty train your Pomeranian to use a patio area.
White vinegar is an excellent cleaner to use and is safe on most carpets.
Dogs respond to odours and they’ll urinate where there is the smell of dog urine. Eliminate the smell associated with mishaps from your home by simply cleaning with white vinegar.
Always take your puppy outside to “potty” after sleeping, eating and during playtime.
Crate or confine your puppy to a small area at night and anytime you’re unable to monitor your puppy.
When puppy urinates or defecates at the “potty” place, lavish lots of praise on puppy and give him a treat instantly. These actions tell puppy he has accomplished a wonderful thing. If preferred, you might include a command word while he’s performing his business.
After success at the “potty” spot, puppy may have freedom of the home for a short period of time. The amount of time is based on his age.
In the event of no results during a “potty break” after 5 minutes, bring puppy inside and place him in his crate for half an hour and then repeat the process.
If you catch puppy in the act, yell NO and race puppy to the “potty” place. If puppy does “potty” more at the correct place, praise and treat. Thoroughly clean up the accident prior to returning puppy to the room.
A young puppy must not be confined to a crate for lengthy periods of time. A general time line is to expect a Pomeranian puppy to be able to hold on for absolutely no more hours than the number of months of their age.
Litter training your Pomeranian Puppy.
This is the easiest to start at around 3 weeks of age. I place a very low tray of kitty litter at the entrance to the baby’s bed. Rascal Dog Litter Box “Little Squirt” ™ – 23 by 16 by 6 FOR TOY BREEDS Click here for dog litter pans used to train your Pomeranian puppy. The first thing the pom baby steps onto when getting out of the bed is the kitty litter tray. As the Pomeranian puppy gets older I move the litter tray further away. Good Luck and remember you need heaps of perseverance and patience with your baby Pomeranian.
For complete and detailed Pomeranian information, Potty training, Toilet and crate traing your Pomeranian, Pomeranian Colors and Patterns, How to choose the right Pomeranian puppy for your family, Feeding your new Pomeranian puppy, Socializing your Pomeranian Puppy, Common Health Issues Affecting Poms, Choosing Your Pomeranian’s Veterinarian. The Pomeranian colors explained, Breeding & Exhibiting Pomeranians Download the Pomeranian Book by Pomeranian Breed Authority Denise Leo.
Copyright Denise Leo 1997-2017. All Rights Reserved. Breeder of Best in Show winning Champion Pomeranians Not to be reproduced in any form without written consent of the author.
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