Dealing With Hot Spots

Dealing With Hot Spots

pomeranian dogHot spots are also called moist eczema or summer sores. They can cause a dog and his owner to feel very unhappy. The horribly wet lesions on the skin appear and then start getting bigger each hour.

Although any dog can suffer from this problem, some dogs seem more prone to hot spots. Sorry the complete article is only available to our Premium members. Please join us now.
For more information on grooming your Pomeranian, brushing, brushes to use and how to care for a Pomeranian’s coat download our Pomeranian grooming booklet and Pomeranian grooming video.
pomeranian dog grooming

How to Clip Your Pomeranian’s Nails

How to Clip Your Pomeranian’s Nails

clipping pomeranian's toenailsOne vital part of your overall Pomeranian’s care is the clipping of his nails. How often you do this will vary depending on if he’s an outdoor or indoor Pomeranian. If he spends most of his time outside, his claws will wear down naturally on rough surfaces and so they won’t need clipping as often. If he’s inside mostly, then once or twice a month is how often his nails will need to be trimmed.

The best way to trim nails

This isn’t a job you should rush. Take your time and ensure you don’t miss a single toe. Use treats to keep him happy so he’ll associate trimming with yummy treats and so it won’t be an unpleasant experience. Prep your Pom first. Pat his paws and throw in a tummy rub so he gets used to you touching his paws. This will only make the job easier for you both.

Trimming Your Pomeranian’s Nails While Alone

Cutting your dog’s nails can be easy or extremely difficult, particularly if you’re new to this task. Ask your vet to do it if you can’t manage it yourself and/or you’re nervous about hurting him. The vet may let you watch so you can learn.

What is the quick?

clipping pomeranian's toenailsIf you look at your own finger nails, you’ll see a pink part and that’s the quick in people AND in dogs. If cut, the blood vessels can hurt and will often start bleeding. It’s essential that you have plenty of light so you avoid doing this. Only cut small pieces of nail at a time while moving the clipper in a parallel motion to help prevent accidentally cutting the quick. Take extra precautions if his nails are black as it will be much harder to find the quick.

The colour of his nails will depend on what colour his adjacent skin is. Light coloured claws are simpler to cut than the darker coloured ones because you can see the quick much more easily. You should cut your pet’s nails to within 2 mm of his quick. Before clipping toenails identify the “quick” in each toenail. The quick is easy to see on light coloured toenails, but very difficult to locate on dark coloured toenails. The quick is actually a blood vessel that flows through the middle of each toenail. This blood vessel will grow down near the end of the toenail if nails are not trimmed. With regular trimming the quick will recede, making the task of toenail clipping much simpler.

pomeranians toenailsThe best time to clip toenails is just after the Pomeranian’s bath, as the warm water will soften the nails. If using a grinder trim nails before bathing. If the nail is a dark colour and the quick can’t easily be seen, make numerous cuts starting at the claw’s tip until you can see the grey or pink oval on the nail’s surface. Always use trimmers that are sharp and clean because they’ll cause much less trouble. The rear claws are usually shorter and need less cutting than the front ones. To finish off, use a file to smooth the surface. Always have the trimmer blade facing you and not your pet so you don’t cut into the quick. If you do cut it, your dog will suffer pain and bleeding so take good care. If you do cause bleeding, it will usually stop after a couple of minutes.

The inner side of your pet’s paw is where the dew claw is located and it’s connected to his leg by some loose skin. The dew claw never touches the ground but may grow long enough that it grows into the toe-pad. You can bend it away from your pet’s leg so you can use a guillotine trimmer on the tip. Over time, you’ll get more comfortable with clipping the nails of your dog. However, if you don’t want to, or can’t do the job, there are lots of professional groomers or vets available.

Tips for safely cutting and trimming your pet’s nails:

pomeranian's dewclawKeep calm. Both you and your dog should remain calm because he’ll sense how you feel and will respond the same way. Start by gently rubbing his paws and giving him a tummy rub. Light and weather. Always have plenty of light when you clip your dog’s nails so you can get a clear view of what you’re doing. If possible, do it outside so he has extra room to relax.

If he’s anxious, it won’t be an easy job because he’s likely to squirm and whine and that can cause an accident. If the weather prevents you from doing it outside, choose a bright room in your house and, if it’s hot, use a fan to help keep you both cool.

Grip. When you hold your dog’s paw, don’t grip it too loosely or you may release your hold. Conversely, don’t hold it too tight as it may cause discomfort to your beloved pet.

Fur away. Pull his fur out of the way while you’re working on your dog’s nails. If necessary, trim the hair with a hair trimmer, not the nail clipper as it will dull the clipper blades. Begin to clip. Be gentle when clipping and place the blade in a parallel position, with the blade facing you, to avoid cutting the quick or causing any bleeding. If you do cut it, your dog will feel pain and some bleeding but it will usually stop after a couple of minutes.

The dew claw on your dog’s front paws might need to be trimmed. This is often known as a grooming nail and is related to your pet’s hygiene.

Treats are useful for training and comforting. Keep a few treats within easy reach because you may damage one or more nails, causing your beloved pet to suffer a traumatic experience. You need to maintain your dog’s understanding that clipping is a positive experience so give him treats after you have trimmed his nails and also during the treatment if necessary to settle him down.

Trimming your Pomeranian’s nails while alone. If you’re on your own and are trying to trim your Pom’s nails, he’ll most likely make a fuss, especially in the early stages.  Cutting your dog’s nails can be easy or extremely difficult, particularly if you’re new to this task. Ask your vet to do it if you can’t manage it yourself and/or you’re nervous about hurting him. The vet may let you watch so you can learn.

What if his nails get too long?

why you should trim your Pomeranian's toenails

  • His nails may bleed, break or split.
  • They can tear or get caught.
  • They’ll curl and this may cause your pet to have discomfort when walking because it adds more pressure to his toes, often to the extent that they pierce his paw, which then causes pain and infection.

Use the right tools.

If you’re going to trim your pet’s nails, you must have the right tools. Generally you’ll only need trimming scissors. There are three types of these scissors: pliers, scissors and guillotine. Your choice will vary depending on the type of nails your Pom has. Once you finish trimming, use a metal file to smooth all rough edges. You can use styptic powder if you accidentally cut your pet’s quick.Dog hair clippers can easily cost $100-$200, whereas the best nail clippers can be bought for under $30. Don’t go cheap and buy a $4 tool because it will easily break your dog’s nails instead of doing sharp straight incisions and you’ll end up spending more on a good tool you should have bought in the first place.

The Best Five Nail Clippers and Grinders for Dogs.

Here are reviews of the top five tools for your dog’s nails. 

1. OmegaPet Nail Clippers are the best plier-style clippers. Dog Nail Clippers and Trimmer – Toenail Clippers with Quick Safety Guard to Prevent Overcutting – Dog Nail Trimmer to Smooth Out Nails – Painless Grooming for Large Breed DogsOver one thousand pet owners made the time and effort to write reviews. The blue clippers are ideal if you have a low budget and are suitable for medium to large breeds. The smaller pink clippers are best for toy dog breeds and cats. The price is affordable, and the tool comes with a quick guard to stop you from cutting it. You’ll also receive a nail trimmer for that final polish. The blades are very sharp for easy cutting through even the thickest of nails. The handles have an ergonomic shape designed to prevent fatigue in your hand if the grooming takes a while. This product is such good quality that it comes with a lifetime warranty.

2. The best scissor-style clippers are the Expert Dog Nail Clippers   with the big handles). Expert Dog Nail Clipper | Ultra Sharp Stainless Steel Pet Trimmer with Rotatable Safety Guard and Lock | Safe Professional Home Grooming for Cats and Dogs of Any Breed | Nail File Included | 912If you’re grooming any small animals including puppies and cats, ergonomics is an essential aspect of any tool you will need to use. Standard size tools don’t usually give you the ideal grip so you can do the nail trimming properly. Ebelyn found a great solution by making the handles huge in size so it’s much easier to do the job. Ebelyn nail clippers are cheap (under $10) but you can only use them for small dogs as they haven’t yet been adapted for the thicker nails of medium to large dogs. The tip and blades are rounded as they have been specifically designed to trim dog nails, unlike generic tools you buy for multiple jobs, one of which may be to cut your dog’s nails. They won’t do a satisfactory job. They’re simple to use because everyone knows how to operate scissors safely. However, when doing the final precision work, you need either a nail file or a grinder.

3. Resco original professional pet guillotine nail clippers.Resco Original Deluxe Dog, Cat, and Pet Nail/Claw Clippers. Best USA-Made Trimmer, More Colors & Sizes Resco is an American iconic name in the world of deluxe pet, cat and dog nail clippers and they come in more sizes and colors than tools from their competitors. They opened their doors 80 years ago with their first product – the guillotine nail clippers – and Resco has stood proudly as an industry leader since then, with their range of tools for pets of every size and shape. The durable mini guillotines are available in large, regular and tiny and the chrome plating comes in multiple colors. Blades are cheap to replace but should last a very long time and all products come with lifetime warranties. At just over $10, it’s money well spent.

4. The Dremel nail grinder is the best grinder for your dog’s nails. Dremel 7300-PT 4.8V Pet Nail Grooming ToolThe cost of electric nail grinders is generally double that of manual tools but the use and end result of your dog’s nails is very positive. Grinders are best suited for medium to large dogs. If your dog is small, usage of a grinder is overkill. It’s made from high-density plastic and is supported by an outstanding engineering team you would expect from a world-class brand such as Dremel. This Dremel grinder is the commonly used tool of all nail grinders. However, it IS expensive if you only consider the cost. It’s worth every cent if you need a grinder for your dog’s nails. It has two speed settings: 6500 and 13000 RPM, enabling you to adapt to your pet’s level of stress and the time and amount of work needed. The grinder is cordless and light in weight, removing constraints such as the cord, so it’s easier to move. One factor to consider is that it will make noise and if your dog is very skittish, it may not be a suitable tool to use. You’ll need sanding bands and 60-grit drums so you can work gently while trimming your dog’s nails. A 4.8 volt battery has enough power to create smooth cuts, but won’t go so fast that his nails become damaged. The Dremel grinder has minimal down sides which is great news if you’re new to using such a tool. They’re less dangerous and intrusive but the price is higher.

5. FURminator is a company most commonly known for their de-shedding brush, but they also offer a high quality, low-priced, pet nail grinder.FURminator Nail Grinder It provides a smooth trim, thanks to its powerful rotary motor, and it also has a LED light, enabling you to see exactly what you’re doing at all times. The FURminator comes with batteries and grinding bands and is a comfortable to use, lightweight tool. It only has a single speed so if your focus is mainly on money, this is your ideal choice. Otherwise, spend an extra $10 and buy the Dremel.

To help you choose the best tools for your needs, here’s a breakdown of each one.

Grinders. The majority of dog owners think a grinder would be a better tool for clipping dog nails and avoiding any accidents that may cause bleeding. Some grinders are battery-powered and others are powered. It’s better to use a cordless option if you’re new to nail cutting because there are no cord to hinder your best efforts. A grinder is similar to a nail file but specially designed for dog nails. Most Pomeranians hate having toenails clipped and an alternative method of trimming toenails is to use a small grinder. Care must be taken when using this method, please wrap your Pomeranian tightly in a blanket or towel to prevent the Pomeranian’s coat being caught in the grinder

Scissor-like clippers. This type is extremely popular due to its simple design and plenty of available places to buy them from. These clippers resemble scissors except for the addition of a notch on the blade’s tip, enabling it to cut dog nails.

These nail clippers are:

• Perfect for smaller dogs due to their cutting power and size.

 • Simple to hold. Constructed from a lightweight material, a beginner can use them and clip nails like a professional. Heavier types may cause your hand to feel fatigued.

• Easy to buy. Being cheap, you can purchase them from most pet shops and this is extra handy because you can replace blades or other parts when necessary.

Plier-style clippers. These are designed for beginners, have simple features, are easy to use and can be bought from most pet shops. They look like pliers and you get a great view of your dog’s nails as you remove the excess amounts. Most plier-style clippers have a guard so there’s no feat of accidentally cutting you pet’s quick. These are very cheap but are still more expensive than the scissor-like clippers. It’s good to use these clippers if: You’re a novice when it comes to cutting a dog’s nails. The designed head of the clipper gives you clear line of sight to the nail. Your pet has thick nails. The plier-style nail clipper applies enough force to handle the job. 

Guillotine-style clippers. This cutting mechanism looks a lot like groomers or nail cutters people use on themselves. The guillotine is similar in concept to the blade that cuts/slices vegetables. There are two blades that shut to allow you to cut the nail by simply squeezing the clipper handle.

This kind of clipper is great for:

• Dogs with arthritis. If your dog has pain in his paw or hand, this tool is perfect because its clipping mechanism is so smooth and simple to use.

• Dogs with thin or soft nails. If you use this tool on thick nails, the clipper may break so avoid using it on thick nails. However, there are several of these type of clippers that allow you to cut thick nails.

• Dog grooming. It’s not wise to use these clippers unless you’re experienced at trimming your dog’s nails because the blade design blocks your sight of the quick and so you may cut it.

Electric grinders. A grinder can be utilized specifically to care for your dog’s nails because it acts like a nail file or sandpaper. The trimming process is slower but safer but be aware that a grinder can get hot so you should only do a second of trimming at a time to avoid causing your dog any problems.

An electric grinder is useful when:

• You want a gentle approach that has no chance of cutting the quick or any other nail accidents.

• You want your dog’s nails to have a smooth finish that’s better than the job manual clippers can do. It also reduces the possibility of him getting nails stuck in your furniture or clothing fabrics.

• Your dog has black nails because they make it tougher to see the quick so a grinder greatly reduces the risk of touching the all-important quick.

• Inexperienced owners prefer a grinder as they don’t actually do any cutting.

Is your Pomeranian just an animal or a loved member of the household? How much is too much when it comes to the correct care of your Pom? Only you can decide.


Copyright All Rights Reserved. For complete Pomeranian Grooming information refer to the Pomeranian Grooming Guide.

Choosing The Right Shampoo For Your Pomeranian

Choosing The Right Shampoo For Your Pomeranian

pomeranian dogWhat shampoo should I best use when bathing my Pomeranian?

It’s vital that you do research prior to choosing the products that are suitable for the skin and hair of your dog. Choosing the ideal shampoo means asking the right questions and waiting for the replies. It also varies according to whether your Pomeranian is a loved pet or a show dog.

A good shampoo is worth every penny because it will save on visits to the vet because of poor skin or coat problems on your dog. Your dog will lead a healthier, longer life as a result. Sorry the complete article is only available to our Premium members. Please join us now.
For more information on grooming your Pomeranian, brushing, brushes to use and how to care for a Pomeranian’s coat download our Pomeranian grooming booklet and Pomeranian grooming video.
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Best Pomeranian Brush and Grooming Tools

Best Pomeranian Brush and Grooming Tools

Best Pomeranian Brush, Best Pomeranian Comb and Pomeranian Grooming Tools. 

Best Grooming Tools, Combs and Brushes for your Pomeranian.

Best Grooming Tools, Combs and Brushes for your Pomeranian

Combs, Brushes and other grooming tools recommended here are the actual equipment used to groom the  Champion Dochlaggie Pomeranians. Utilizing proper grooming tools will certainly make it possible for you to easily and quickly perform the task of grooming your Pomeranian.

Grooming is incredibly important for all dogs, especially breeds such as the Pomeranian. Finding the ideal comb and brush is the vital first step in this process. Combs and brushes come in numerous sizes and shapes but there are just three types of brushes.

Best Pomeranian Bristle Brushes.

All dog coats will benefit from being brushed with a bristle brush. They vary according to bristle length and space between them. The longer the hair, the longer and more widely spaced the bristles need to be. Stiffer bristles can be used for coarse hair and for longer hair use a brush with stiffer bristles.

Best Pomeranian Slicker Brushes.

The fine wire bristles on these Slicker brushes are used to eliminate tangles and mats, while keeping the dog’s hair looking as good as possible. A large soft slicker brush is the best and most for Pomeranians. Remember best results are obtained when using a slicker brush by flicking with the corners of your slicker brush. For more details on the correct use of a slicker refer to our Pomeranian grooming booklet.

brushing pomeranian. Best Grooming Tools, Combs and Brushes for your Pomeranian

Best Pomeranian Wire-Pin Brushes.

Wire-Pin-Brushes without the rubber-tipped ends are perfect brushes for Pomeranians. Avoid using the rubber tipped Pin brushes on your Pom, as the rubber tips can damage the coat. Some owners have mentioned their Pom may not like being brushed with a Pin brush minus pins. If this is the case, adjust your brushing technique.

Best Pomeranian Combs.

Combs that have wide teeth are great to remove the loose hair from brushes and are also good for those finishing touches on your Pom. A comb with very fine teeth can help to shape the hair on your Pomeranian’s face. When you comb and brush your Pom, always do it gently and take all the time necessary. Extra care is required when eliminating tangles and mats.

Your Pomeranian should enjoy the gentle strokes on his skin when you do your brushing. However, it’s easy to make your dog dislike brushing by pulling at hair tangles and taking ages to remove them. Win your Pom’s confidence by brushing his coat every day as this helps prevent tangles from forming and, if he does get any, the tangles and mats will be small and are removed easily, and without a struggle.

Pomeranian Grooming Tools.

Best Grooming Tools, Combs and Brushes for your Pomeranian 1. Battery toothbrush.

2. Geib Stainless Steel Small Pet Super Gator 48-Tooth Blending Shears, 8-Inch

3. ShearsDirect Japanese 440C 24 Tooth Chunker with Light Blue Gem Stone Tension and Anatomic Handle, 7.5-Inch

4.Master Grooming 5200 Titanium Straight Shear, 8.5-Inch, Blue

5.Safari Professional Dog Nail Trimmer, Small/Medium

6.Millers Forge Stainless Steel Pins Designer Series Soft Slicker Pet Grooming Brush, Large

7. Chris Christensen Oval Pin Brush, 27mm

8. Andis Pet 7-1/2-Inch Steel Comb (65730)

9.Prolux Anti Static Dog Grooming Combo Comb

10. Spray bottle containing diluted conditioner. Tolco Empty Spray Bottle 8 oz. Frosted Assorted Colors

Other Products to Help Maintain a Healthy Pomeranian Coat :

Best Grooming Tools, Combs and Brushes for your PomeranianAn electric grinder:
 I personally use a nail grinder to maintain short Pomeranian toenails. A word of caution, great care is necessary to prevent any Pomeranian hair being grabbed by the grinder. Wrapping your Pomeranian in a towel, whilst using a toe nail grinder is an excellent idea. The Dochlaggie Pomeranians prefer a grinder to toenail clippers and will sit on my lap, happily while their nails are done. Details of nail grinders for pets can found at this link.

Dremel 7300-PT 4.8-Volt Pet Grooming Kit

Earthbath All Natural Dog Shampoo, Oatmeal & Aloe, 16 oz SynergyLabs Veterinary Formula Solutions Ultra Oatmeal Moisturizing Shampoo, 17 fl. oz.

SynergyLabs Veterinary Formula Solutions Ultra Oatmeal Moisturizing Conditioner; 17 fl. oz.

Kenic Kalaya Emu Oil Pet Shampoo, 17-Ounce

Kenic Kalaya Emu Oil Pet Spray, 17-Ounce

pomeranian dog grooming

Dog Hair

Dog Hair

pomeranian dogThe coat on a Pomeranian dog is fur. Humans have some fur on our legs arms, on men’s chests and hair on most people’s heads. The only real difference between hair and fur is that fur will only grow to a specific length while hair will keep on growing. Fur has rest periods known as telogen phases where the hair follicles are dormant. The growth period is known as the anagen phase. In Pomeranians and other Nordic breeds, this phase seems to be quite short. The dog’s genes determine the growth length and then the follicles will rest. If the dog is stressed, the time of both phases can be affected.

Dog hair is composed of a hard material named keratin which is an insoluble protein with high levels of sulphur (the amino acid called cystine) and smaller amounts of other amino acids including leucine and tyrosine. Your hair grows from follicles just under your outer layer of skin.

Each strand of hair grows from one follicle for people. Dogs can have compound and single follicles of hair. One central follicle that creates the guard hair or primary hair can have two or even more lateral follicles which can create 5-25 secondary hairs for each follicle.

The thickness or coarseness of hair on dogs can vary and is one function of the diameter of the hair. Finer dog hairs can measure around 75 microns. Coarser dog hairs can be more than 200 microns.

For a dog’s hair to be healthy, it needs to eat a nutritious, well-balanced diet consisting of: proteins (particularly the ones rich in the amino acids including sulphur, methionine and tyrosine; copper, essential fatty acids and the B group of vitamins. Almost a third of a dog’s daily protein needs is used to renew the hair and skin.

Various hormones can affect the proper growth of hair. The growth and thyroid hormone stimulates the hair follicles while sexual hormones and corticoids slow down the growth of the follicles. If prolactin (lactating females produce this hormone) remains high, the dog’s coat will look like a healthy, summery coat instead of a sparse, thin one.

If the appearance or texture of your dog’s coat changes, it’s an indication that there’s an internal problem. However, there’s not one single condition or disease to which this can be attributed. An imbalance in the diet can cause brittle or dull hair, but it may also be caused by diseases of parasitic, renal, immune system, hepatic or digestive source. Hair changes usually occur late in the disease’s course because the growth of hair is slow. It’s usually a minimum of four weeks before positive effects on your dog’s hair can be seen if dietary supplements are added to the dog’s diet.

The shine of the coat of a healthy dog is mainly caused by fats that get secreted through sebaceous glands within the skin that act as a natural release of conditioners for hair. Despite popular belief, there are no dogs that never shed hair. It’s just that some shed more than others. Every shaft created by a hair follicle has to die eventually and get dislodged (shedding) so it can be replaced by the new hair shaft the follicle makes. Some breeds of dog have hair that grows for longer periods before it sheds.

A hair follicle has a couple of different growth phases. Anagen is the growing phase when the follicle grows hair. Then comes the catagen phase which is a short break between the resting and growing phases. The telogen phase happens when the hair follicle lies dormant. New hair forces the old hair out from the dog’s skin. Although both Fall and Spring cause prolific growth of hair, not all the dog’s follicles are in the one phase simultaneously so he should never get completely bald.

Human hair is mostly in the growing stage (anagen) and this phase may last years, according to how long your genes determine your hair should be. The resting phase only lasts a few weeks. Poodles have a similar anagen phase to humans and their hair gets so long that it must be trimmed a couple of times each year before it finally falls out.

Most other dogs have a dominant resting (telogen) phase. The anagen phase only lasts long enough so the coat can reach its genetically chosen length. This period could be a month, a year or sometimes even longer. Then the hair goes back to the telogen phase for a long time period. The hair in the follicle is very tightly bound and can’t easily be pulled or fall out. In Pomeranian and other Nordic dog breeds, it’s believed that this phase can exist for years. Shaving or clipping the coat of your Pomeranian whilst in this telogen phase is believed to be the reason behind most cases of post clipped alopecia. Post-clipping alopecia can also be an advance indication of hypothyroidism or other metabolic disorders.

Taking your Pomeranian to a groomer may be a risky venture. Shaving or clipping the coat very short on a double coated dog like the Pomeranian may cause damage to the hair follicles. After visiting the Grooming Salon, the Pomeranian’s coat could grow back quickly, or it might not grow again for years, if ever. Some Pomeranians have had very short hair cuts at grooming salons and then have had success with recoating for many years; then the hair growth suddenly stops.

Any stress that a dog endures can force hair follicles into their resting period. Stressors can include: pregnancy, diseases, anaesthesia or when the dog has been given some specific medications. Approximately 2 – 3 months after the event when the dog’s hair reactivates, the shedding will be abnormal.

Hair colour

pomeranian dog

The colour of your dog’s coat is decided genetically. However, some environmental factors can change the colour a little. Some nutrients may change the coat’s colour. Deficiencies of phenylalanine, tyrosine, methionine, cystine and arginine have been reported as causes of hair colours changing. Protein deficiencies can affect the hair growth and the quality of your dog’s hair.

The American Society for Nutritional Sciences produced a report after a study in 2004 that revealed deficiencies in trace elements can also impede the quality of your dog’s hair. A lack of zinc caused grey hair; a lack of copper causes black or brown hair to fade. Hair colour can also be affected if the dog is deficient in biotin, pantothenic, nicotinic and folic acids, vitamins B2, B6 and A, iodine and iron.

If the dog spends too much time in the sun, the hair may become brittle and a black coat may go brown or red in colour. Once a dog has had his coat clipped, the colour is lighter and some scars may leave a hair mark for the rest of his life.

In older dogs, their hair colour often fades, commonly going gray, starting with his muzzle and head.

Loss of hair in dogs

There are a few common reasons why dogs lose hair. There are also a few remedies you can use. Most problems originate in the skin.

Pyotraumatic dermatitis (hot spots)

Hot spots cause the dog to be itchy in one or more parts of his body or his limbs. The itchy area(s) can quickly get inflamed and raw and this problem may be caused by stress.

Natural remedies seem to work better than typical medical methods. An immune system booster such as Echinacea can definitely help. If the case is severe, some homeopathic remedies may also help.

Some hot spots can be caused if a nerve causes an itch. This can happen if the spine or a joint is out of alignment. A chiropractor can usually fix this problem easily.

Holistic approach

As you can see, there are lots of possible causes for bad hair growth. This means there are also lots of possible remedies and every dog should be treated as an individual, just like humans, as different remedies will help different dogs.

There’s a good overall plan of attack that usually helps and it includes
these elements:

Boosting the immune system through the use of omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidants
and herbal remedies.
Ensuring the dog’s diet is nutritious and there are no deficiencies. Use supplements if necessary to balance it out.

Include raw meat in the diet (start with 1 teaspoon for every 20 pounds of
weight and build to a quarter or one third of the dog’s diet.) Meat is believed to be the best hair coat and skin “medicine” you can get.

Use a chiropractor if the need arises simply because it works.

Some natural remedies are excellent. For example – calming herbs and/or flower essences if the dog is stressed or nervous; topical herbs for faster healing and itchiness; homeopathy and acupuncture when needed.

Other things you can do yourself

Massage and use a rubber mitt on your dog’s sebaceous gland to release
natural skin and hair conditioners.

Ensure your dog is brushed or combed regularly and is always clean. This will help you better monitor his overall health and build your bond at the same time.
Ensure your dog’s coat is fed good quality, nutritious food with fresh meat.

Dog shampoos and pH

Some say dogs should only be washed with dog shampoo as human shampoo dries out his skin. Some claim the pH is different. But these are false claims.

Human shampoos have different pH levels, depending on the type. Some are acidic and are around 2.0 pH. Some are alkaline at around 9.0 pH. The majority sit at 5.5 to 6.0 pH. The shampoos for dogs also vary but are mainly more alkaline and go from 4.5 to 9.0 pH.

Human and dog skin also vary in their pH levels. Human’s is around 5.5 and slightly acidic. Human hair is usually slightly more acidic at 4.5 to 5.0 pH. The skin of dogs is generally neutral at 7.0 to 8.0 pH when slightly alkaline.

However, these figures are all just averages and people and dogs can vary a lot. In 2007, a report revealed variations in dogs seemed to change according to their breed. Labradors are 7.37 pH and Manchester Terriers are 8.07 pH. Other factors also affected the pH levels of the dogs and these included excitement level, the gender of the dog, gonadal status, colour of the coat, where the skin is measured and, surprisingly, what time of year it is.

The term “pH balanced” is commonly used by advertisers to sell conditioners and shampoos. Although it sounds good, it can mean different things. The manufacturer can mean the product has been made to approximate the skin and hair’s average pH of intended users, whether dog or human. It also can mean it has a neutral pH, the same as water.

If you look at the outer surface of hair through a microscope, it looks like a terracotta roof that has overlaying rows of flat cells. Pull one strand between two fingers and it will feel smoother in one way than it would another way.
Substances that have a lower pH usually harden and tighten these so-called “tiles” of your hair cuticles. This makes the hair shinier and smoother. Diluted lemon juice or vinegar makes your hair even shinier for this reason. If there’s more alkaline, the “tiles” start to swell up and are dull and rough.

Whether a product will dry out hair or skin involves a lot more than merely pH. Shampoos that are made with soap can dry your dog’s skin and leave behind a residual trace which may cause dandruff and itchiness. Soapy products are usually alkaline. If you have shampoo made with detergent, it rinses off better and is higher in acidity. Some of the products also have humectants that attract and store moisture within the shaft and/or conditioning elements that make the hair simple to comb and control static electricity. One or more of these may affect your dog’s skin and hair in an annoying or pleasing manner, depending on the skin and coat type of your dog.
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For more information on grooming your Pomeranian, brushing, brushes to use and how to care for a Pomeranian’s coat download our Pomeranian grooming booklet and Pomeranian grooming video.
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Bathing Your Pomeranian

Bathing Your Pomeranian

bathing a pomeranianHow often should I bath my Pomeranian?

A pet Pomeranian should be bathed on a regular basis. Once a month, during the winter months and more often during summer.
The Dochlaggie Pomeranians are bathed twice weekly whilst being shown. The day prior to a show, and once again the day following the show to remove any grooming products added to the coat at the show. Sorry the complete article is only available to our Premium members. Please join us now.
For more information on grooming your Pomeranian, brushing, brushes to use and how to care for a Pomeranian’s coat download our Pomeranian grooming booklet and Pomeranian grooming video.
pomeranian dog grooming

Clipping my Pom ?

Clipping my Pom ?

clipping your PomeranianTaking your Pomeranian to a groomer may be a risky venture, especially if you haven‘t used that person’s services before. You need to give clear instructions on what you want done and, just as importantly, what you DON’T want done.

Shaving or clipping the coat very short on a double-coated dog like the Pomeranian may cause damage to the hair follicles. Most coats that have been clipped will start growing back almost immediately. However, it’s possible that the clipped hair may never grow back or it could take a very long time to do so.

The older your dog gets, the greater the chances are that there won’t be any growth or that it will be very slow growth. If this happens, your dog will only have his undercoat and that can give him a patchy and scruffy appearance.  Shaving or clipping your Pomeranian’s coat very short may alter the coat for the rest of the dog’s life. This problem is usually referred to as post-clipping Alopecia.

Clipping the coat during the resting phase is thought to be a cause of post-clipping Alopecia which may be an advanced indicator of hypothyroidism or other problems associated with your pet’s metabolism.

The coat on a Pomeranian Dog is fur. Humans have fur on our arms and legs and hair on our head. The difference between fur and hair is that fur only grows to a certain length and hair keeps on growing.

Fur goes through a resting period called the “telogen phase” where the hair follicles are dormant. The growing phase is called the “Anagen phase.” In the Pomeranian and other Nordic breeds of dog, it’s believed that this is a short phase. Hair will grow to a predefined length (thanks to the dog’s genes). Then it stops growing and goes into the telogen resting period. The length of the two coat phases can vary according to the amount of stress your dog is experiencing. It seems pointless to buy a long-coated dog such as a Pomeranian if you’re just going to clip his coat.

If you really want to do that, perhaps you should think more about the breed of dog you want, before actually making the purchase. Also consider the amount of overall grooming involved as it’s not something you may want to do. Maybe you would prefer a dog that doesn’t need as much grooming. Pomeranians have a double layer coat. The undercoat has short, fluffy soft hairs and it acts as an insulation and helps support the much longer outer layer.

In other words, the dog stays cool in Summer and warm in Winter. The stronger, longer guard hairs help to insulate your dog against the heat from the weather and the sun itself. Evolution blessed the Pomeranian breed of dog in this manner. If you clip the coat very short, you eliminate the dog’s natural cooling and heating ability and you cause more harm than good. There’s a big contrast between dogs and people. Dogs don’t get cool through their skin. Their paw pads sweat and their major cooling method is panting. Owners also foolishly believe that shaving their dog will stop him shedding. Poms and other double-coat breeds will still shed after they have been shaved.

To sum it all up: Shaving or close clipping any dog with a double coat can severely hinder their ability to keep themselves warm and cool as required. It also helps protect their skin. The ideal way to make your Pomeranian comfortable and cool is to give him regular baths and brush his coat. Shaving should only be done if the dog’s hair is badly matted.   clipping your Pomeranianclipping your Pomeranian Copyright Pomeranian.Org. All Rights Reserved.

Pomeranian and Tear Stains

Pomeranian and Tear Stains

pomeranian dogAll Pomeranians have a degree of tearing around their eyes. It’s very common, particularly with lighter coloured dogs. Food does not cause stains. The orange colour has an iron ingredient that the Pom secretes in his saliva, tears and urine. This is why he may have orange on his lips, or paws or anywhere else he licks all the time. If he’s out in the sunlight and wind, the problem is only aggravated.

To reduce this issue, follow these steps:

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. Eye Envy NR Pack

For complete Pomeranian Grooming information refer to the Pomeranian Grooming Guide.

pomeranian dog grooming



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