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Important Facts About Pomeranian Dogs

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Pomeranians are often called Pom and are known for their huge fluffy coats and many colors. These toy dogs are known for their fox-like appearance, almond-shaped eyes, and small erect ears.

They require a lot of grooming and, like all dog breeds, may have health issues. Small dogs like Poms can live up to 16 years, but the average lifespan is 10-12 years. Despite their small size, Poms are very active.

Keep reading for a complete list of Pomeranian dog breed traits and facts about Pomeranians.

Pomeranian Information
Pomeranian Information

Pomeranian History

The Pomeranian is a small toy dog with a captivating personality and has an interesting history.

You may be surprised to learn that Pomeranians are descendants of ancient Arctic dogs. These little furballs belong to a family of dogs called the Spitz.

The first clue is their thick coat: it's an adaptation leftover from when these dog's ancestors lived outside where it was cold all year long, so they had thicker coats for protection against the elements.

The Pomeranian is a descendant of Spitz dogs. The Spitz family includes many other dog breeds and the pom dog is closely related to the Norwegian Elkhound, Keeshond, and the American Eskimo.

The Pomeranian is a small breed of dog that originated in areas such as Germany and Poland.

The Pomeranian is one of the oldest dog breeds in America, recognized by the American Kennel Club back in 1900.

The Pomeranian is one of the most adorable dogs in existence; it's no wonder that Queen Victoria was enamored with them. Two Poms survived when the Titanic sunk; Issac Newton owned a pom called Diamond. The cutest dog award goes to this little guy every single time.

Pomeranian Information
Pomeranian Information

Pomeranians Appeal for Three Reasons

  • Their glamorous looks. The Pomeranian has even been called the Puffball dog breed.
  • They enjoy a high level of intelligence, compact size and happy-go-lucky temperament.
  • Last but not least, their irresistible charm - a constantly wagging tail, striking markings and big fluffy double coat.

Pomeranians are the perfect pet for those who want an enthusiastic, loyal companion. Pomeranian puppies are a lot of fun to be around because they are always up for an adventure. This pup does whatever it takes to please its owner, making them great pets in general.

What Does a Pomeranian Dog Look Like?

Pomeranians are small, Spitz-type dogs. They have a thick, double coat. The outer coat is long and harsh, while the undercoat is soft and dense.

Pomeranians come in various colors, including orange, black, red, brown, white, and cream.

Pomeranians typically have a plumed tail carried straight and flat over the back. They have small, pointy ears and almond-shaped eyes. Pomeranians have a wedge-shaped head and a compact, muscular body.

Pomeranians typically weigh between 3 and 7 pounds.

Pomeranian Traits

The Pomeranian is a small yet intelligent dog. They make great assistance dogs because they are eager to please, easy-going, and will put in any amount of work for their owners.

Pomeranian pups are one of the most social dogs you can find. They require early socialization for them to develop healthy relationships with people and other animals alike.

Pomeranians make excellent pets for people of all ages, but they are especially well-suited for those who live in small homes or apartments.

They are also good choices for older people who may not be able to handle a larger dog. Pomeranians are extremely intelligent, easy to train, and usually good with other pets and children.

Pomeranians are a good fit for families with children, but they are not suited to those that have young children.

The Pom is a breed that loves to go on short walks. They are happy when they can explore new places and smells with their human companion.

Pomeranian Blog
Pomeranian Puppies

Pomeranian Temperament

Furry, feisty and very cute - what's not to love about Poms? These independent little dogs have minds of their own.

These adorable little guys can't help but think they're a much larger dog and, at times, can even act like a huge sled-pulling husky.

The Pomeranian is a friendly little dog that loves to play and cuddle. They get along well with other dogs, if they have been properly socialized.

They are typically not aggressive towards other dogs or animals. Still, they need to be introduced gradually to other pets so any fears aren't triggered.

More and more people are adopting Pomeranians as therapy dogs. Not only do these little guys make great companions, but they are excellent Service Dogs too. They make wonderful therapy dogs who bring delight to those they encounter.

Pomeranian Barking

Like all small dogs, Pomeranians tend to be yappy if not trained to behave.

Poms have been known to be challenging and even more vocal than other dogs. They make great apartment pets, but if you live in an area with close neighbors, you might need to ensure your dog is trained not to bark.

Quick Pomeranian Facts

Size

Small-sized dog. Its height reaches 8-11 inches and its weight varies between 3 - 7 pounds.

Breed Characteristics

The Pom is a small, compact dog with thick, fluffy fur. This coat is double-coated and consists of long guard hairs, while the undercoat is shorter, soft hair that provides insulation in wintertime. Their high, plumed tail sets this dog breed apart from all other dogs.

Colors

Pomeranians have a variety of different colors, with 23 recognized by the American Kennel Club. Colors include black, white, orange, sables, red, cream, parti, merle, black and tan, chocolate.

Temperament

With an outgoing and big dog personality, Pomeranians make great pets. In addition, they are very intelligent dogs who will always know what's going on around them.

Grooming

The Pomeranian requires regular brushing and bathing.

Health

It is vital to get your new Pomeranian checked out by the right professionals. Therefore, I recommend you schedule an appointment with a vet as soon as possible after adopting or buying one. This vet check should include a patella evaluation, cardiac examination, and ophthalmologist checkup.

Training

Pomeranian puppies are intelligent, social, and energetic, so they need to be trained early in life. House training Pomeranian puppies can be difficult if not done correctly.

Life Span

Pomeranians live between 12 – 16 years on average. 

Feeding Your Pomeranian

Based on my experience with the breed, I recommend a daily amount of 1/4 to 1-2 cups per day. Each meal should include quality dry food split into two equal parts.

Pomeranian Puppy Diet

For the first twelve months of your puppy's life, ensure they're eating high-quality canned food and dry puppy food. Yogurt and cheese may be included in the diet.

If you want your Pom puppy to grow into a healthy adult, then it's essential that their diet contains the correct nutrients.

Pomeranian Puppies
Pomeranian Puppies

Adult Pomeranian Diet Requirements

Your dog is an individual with unique needs. Like people, each has different size and age factors that determine how much they need to eat for their bodies to stay healthy.

There's a massive difference between expensive and cheap dog foods, but the best option for your pup is to choose high-quality food.

Why? The better quality of diet you feed your Pom, the better your dog's diet, and the longer he or she will live. This is because high-quality foods contain more nutrients and fewer fillers than lower-quality brands do.

Owners should explore the options for raw feeding or home cooking their adult Pomeranian dog.

Pomeranian Exercise and Activities

This small, furry dog has a playful nature but doesn't need as much exercise or a long walk to stay happy.

They are great pets for people who live in apartments or those without a fenced yard. If you can provide them with enough mental stimulation, they'll be content just playing indoors and won't become restless or destructive.

You should give your pup lots of toys and rotate them frequently, so there's always something new. They especially like it when you challenge them with challenging playthings.

Pomeranians are intelligent dogs, enjoy many dog sports and can learn tricks quickly. They're also quick to sound the alarm when someone's at the door or in the yard, which makes them good watchdogs.

Keep the training sessions short and fun. Give the pup plenty of praise and treats whenever he does something right.

Pomeranian Dog
Pomeranian Dog

Pomeranian Health

When it comes to health, Pomeranians are a relatively robust breed.
However, like all dogs, they are susceptible to specific health conditions.
Some of the common health problems seen in Pomeranians include:

Pomeranians are also susceptible to weight gain, so it is vital to make sure they get plenty of exercise.
Daily short walks or play session is a great way to keep your Pomeranian healthy and fit.

Regarding size, Pomeranians are one of the smaller dog breeds.
The average height of a Pomeranian is between 8 and 11 inches (20-28 cm).
Making them an excellent choice for people who live in small homes or apartments.

Pomeranian Puppy
Pomeranian Puppy

Coat Colors

Pomeranians come in many colors and patterns, including black dogs with tan markings or piebald patterns. The most popular color for a show Pomeranian is orange or orange sable.

Other Pomeranian colors are cream, cream sable, black, black and tan, white, wolf sable, brown, blue, beaver, and the Pom dog patterns include tan markings, parti color, brindle and merle.

A sable is a dog coat with black-tipped guard hairs, and these bands show up clearly on most parts of its body, especially the dorsal region. Other variations in the Pomeranian breed are chocolate and blue sables.

Pomeranian Puppy
Pomeranian Puppy

Grooming

Grooming is an essential part of taking care of your Pom. To keep your Pom looking his best, a good grooming routine needs to be established.

The double coat requires regular care. Brushing is required a few times weekly and bathing a couple of times per month.

You can brush your Pom's hair in many ways, but one way to do it is by starting at the head and then brushing forward as you work down the dog's body.

I prefer to brush my Poms while they lay on my lap, or I have the dog on a small grooming table.

Train your puppy to accept grooming from a young age. Give your dog lots of treats and praise during grooming.

They need dental hygiene and nail care too. Brush their teeth at least once per week or even more often if possible.

Trimming your dog's nails is essential to prevent them from growing too long and causing discomfort.

If your Pomeranian doesn't wear its nails down naturally, you should trim them regularly. If the nail clicks when they touch the floor, it's too long.

Grooming is essential to maintaining your Pomeranian dog's health and well-being. In addition to checking for sores, rashes, or signs of infection such as redness, and painful skin inflammation in areas of the body, you'll be able to check their ears smell good without any wax buildup.

Poms are considered to shed moderately. Unspayed females often go through phases of shedding their undercoats when in season or after giving birth.

Pomeranian Puppy
Pomeranian Puppy

Children And Other Pets

The energetic Pomeranian is an excellent dog for active families. He loves playing with kids but needs an older child, adult, or teenager to care for him because the breed, especially young puppies are fragile.

The Pom is an adorable little dog that can easily get injured if he's dropped or stepped on by children. Breeders recommend waiting until your child is older or purchasing an older puppy.

Pomeranian Puppy
Pomeranian Puppy

Purchasing a Pomeranian

While puppy buyers can sometimes find these purebred dogs in shelters or rescue groups, don't be fooled by the "adopt-a-dog" slogans. You still have to pay for your pup; this is just shopping.

Preservation breeders breed the best Pomeranians.

This term describes individuals dedicated to the Pomeranian breed's long-term health and welfare. These breeders do health testing and prove their dogs in the show ring before breeding.

Preservation breeders avoid extreme or fad colors, which can be damaging to the dog's health.

They also carefully select only the healthiest dogs to breed to produce puppies that are as true to the breed standard as possible.

If you're interested in purchasing a Pomeranian, your best bet is to find a reputable preservation breeder.

Prices for pups from these breeders can range from USD $1600-6,000, depending on the quality of the dog and the breeder's reputation.

Be sure to do research before making any decisions, as there are many unscrupulous people producing pups out there who are more interested in making a quick buck than in the health and welfare of their dogs.

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Pomeranian Headquarters. #1 Pomeranian Blog.

Final thoughts on Pomeranians

The Pomeranian dog is one of the most popular companion breeds on the planet. They're loving and alert and make great friends for people of all ages, older kids and adults alike. With proper care, your Pomeranian can be a faithful companion for many years.

Learning how to care for your pom is a huge undertaking and requires a firm commitment from you before you even adopt or buy your pom. Read books written by other people that don’t have all the answers you need.

I can teach you everything you need to know about POMERANIANS. Instead of just offering generic advice about dogs of no particular breed and sprinkling the words "Pomeranian" and "Pomeranians" here and there throughout the text.

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References and Further Reading:
[1] Official Standard of the Pomeranian (AKC). American Kennel Club, 2011.
[2] English Kennel Club Pomeranian Breed Standard, 2017.
[3] Denise Leo, The Pomeranian Handbook.
[4] Milo G. Denlinger "The Complete Pomeranian".
[5] Kimbering Pomeranians "1891-1991".
[6] William Taplin "The Sportsman’s Cabinet".
[7]  E. Parker "The Popular Pomeranian".
[8] Lilla Ives "Show Pomeranians".

Pomeranian Facts and Information
Pomeranian Facts and Information