Skip to Content

Facts All About Pomeranian Dogs

Sharing is caring!

Pomeranians are often called Pom and are known for their huge fluffy coats and many colors. These toy dogs are known for their fox-like appearance, almond-shaped eyes, and small erect ears.

They require a lot of grooming and, like all dogs, may have health issues. Poms can live up to 16 years, but the average lifespan is 10-12 years. Despite their small size, poms are very active.

Keep reading for a complete list of dog breed traits and facts about Pomeranians.

Pomeranian Information
Pomeranian Information

Pomeranian History

The Pomeranian is a small toy dog with a captivating personality and has an interesting history.

You may be surprised to learn that Pomeranians are descendants of ancient Arctic dogs. These little furballs belong to a family of dogs called the Spitz.

The first clue is their thick coat: it's an adaptation leftover from when these dog's ancestors lived outside where it was cold all year long, so they had thicker coats for protection against the elements.

The Pomeranian is a descendant of spitz dogs. The Spitz family includes many other dog breeds and the pom dog is closely related to the Norwegian Elkhound, Keeshond, and the American Eskimo.

The Pomeranian is a small breed of dog that originated in areas such as Germany and Poland.

The Pomeranian is one of the oldest dog breeds in America, recognized by the American Kennel Club back in 1900.

The Pomeranian is one of the most adorable dogs in existence; it's no wonder that Queen Victoria was enamored with them. Two Poms survived when the Titanic sunk; Issac Newton owned a pom called Diamond. The cutest dog award goes to this little guy every single time.

Pomeranian Information
Pomeranian Information

Pomeranians Appeal for Three Reasons

  • Their glamorous looks. The Pomeranian has even been called the Puffball dog breed.
  • They enjoy a high level of intelligence, compact size and happy-go-lucky temperament.
  • Last but not least, their irresistible charm - a constantly wagging tail, striking markings and big fluffy double coat.

Pomeranians are the perfect pet for those who want an enthusiastic, loyal companion. Pomeranian puppies are a lot of fun to be around because they are always up for an adventure. This pup does whatever it takes to please its owner, making them great pets in general.

What Does a Pomeranian Dog Look Like?

Pomeranians are small, Spitz-type dogs. They have a thick, double coat. The outer coat is long and harsh, while the undercoat is soft and dense.

Pomeranians come in various colors, including orange, black, red, brown, white, and cream.

Pomeranians typically have a plumed tail carried straight and flat over the back. They have small, pointy ears and almond-shaped eyes. Pomeranians have a wedge-shaped head and a compact, muscular body.

Pomeranians typically weigh between 3 and 7 pounds.

Pomeranian Traits

The Pomeranian is a small yet intelligent dog. They make great assistance dogs because they are eager to please, easy-going, and will put in any amount of work for their owners.

Pomeranian pups are one of the most social dogs you can find. They require early socialization for them to develop healthy relationships with people and other animals alike.

Pomeranians make excellent pets for people of all ages, but they are especially well-suited for those who live in small homes or apartments.

They are also good choices for older people who may not be able to handle a larger dog. Pomeranians are extremely intelligent, easy to train, and usually good with other pets and children.

Pomeranians are a good fit for families with children, but they are not suited to those that have young children.

The Pom is a breed that loves to go on short walks. They are happy when they can explore new places and smells with their human companion.

Pomeranian Blog
Pomeranian Puppies

Pomeranian Temperament

Furry, feisty and very cute - what's not to love about Poms? These independent little dogs have minds of their own.

These adorable little guys can't help but think they're a much larger dog and, at times, can even act like a huge sled-pulling husky.

The Pomeranian is a friendly little dog that loves to play and cuddle. They get along well with other dogs, if they have been properly socialized.

They are typically not aggressive towards other dogs or animals. Still, they need to be introduced gradually to other pets so any fears aren't triggered.

More and more people are adopting Pomeranians as therapy dogs. Not only do these little guys make great companions, but they are excellent Service Dogs too. They make wonderful therapy dogs who bring delight to those they encounter.

Pomeranian Barking

Like all small dogs, Pomeranians tend to be yappy if not trained to behave.

Poms have been known to be challenging and even more vocal than other dogs. They make great apartment pets, but if you live in an area with close neighbors, you might need to ensure your dog is trained not to bark.

Quick Pomeranian Facts


Small-sized dog. Its height reaches 8-11 inches and its weight varies between 3 - 7 pounds.

Breed Characteristics

The Pom is a small, compact dog with thick, fluffy fur. This coat is double-coated and consists of long guard hairs, while the undercoat is shorter, soft hair that provides insulation in wintertime. Their high, plumed tail sets this dog breed apart from all other dogs.


Pomeranians have a variety of different colors, with 23 recognized by the American Kennel Club. Colors include black, white, orange, sables, red, cream, parti, merle, black and tan, chocolate.


With an outgoing and big dog personality, Pomeranians make great pets. In addition, they are very intelligent dogs who will always know what's going on around them.


The Pomeranian requires regular brushing and bathing.


It is vital to get your new Pomeranian checked out by the right professionals. Therefore, I recommend you schedule an appointment with a vet as soon as possible after adopting or buying one. This vet check should include a patella evaluation, cardiac examination, and ophthalmologist checkup.


Pomeranian puppies are intelligent, social, and energetic, so they need to be trained early in life. House training Pomeranian puppies can be difficult if not done correctly.

Life Span

Pomeranians live between 12 – 16 years on average. 

Pomeranian Health

When it comes to health, Pomeranians are a relatively robust breed.
However, like all dogs, they are susceptible to specific health conditions.
Some of the common health problems seen in Pomeranians include:

Pomeranians are also susceptible to weight gain, so it is vital to make sure they get plenty of exercise.
Daily short walks or play session is a great way to keep your Pomeranian healthy and fit.

Regarding size, Pomeranians are one of the smaller dog breeds.
The average height of a Pomeranian is between 8 and 11 inches (20-28 cm).
Making them an excellent choice for people who live in small homes or apartments.

Purchasing a Pomeranian

While puppy buyers can sometimes find these purebred dogs in shelters or rescue groups, don't be fooled by the "adopt-a-dog" slogans. You still have to pay for your pup; this is just shopping.

Preservation breeders breed the best Pomeranians.

This term describes individuals dedicated to the Pomeranian breed's long-term health and welfare. These breeders do health testing and prove their dogs in the show ring before breeding.

Preservation breeders avoid extreme or fad colors, which can be damaging to the dog's health.

They also carefully select only the healthiest dogs to breed to produce puppies that are as true to the breed standard as possible.

If you're interested in purchasing a Pomeranian, your best bet is to find a reputable preservation breeder.

Prices for pups from these breeders can range from USD $1600-6,000, depending on the quality of the dog and the breeder's reputation.

Be sure to do research before making any decisions, as there are many unscrupulous people producing pups out there who are more interested in making a quick buck than in the health and welfare of their dogs.

Pomeranian Headquarters
Pomeranian Headquarters. #1 Pomeranian Blog.

Learning how to care for your pom is a huge undertaking and requires a firm commitment from you before you even adopt or buy your pom. Read books written by other people that don’t have all the answers you need.

I can teach you everything you need to know about POMERANIANS. Instead of just offering generic advice about dogs of no particular breed and sprinkling the words "Pomeranian" and "Pomeranians" here and there throughout the text.

Copyright All Rights Reserved.

References and Further Reading:
[1] Official Standard of the Pomeranian (AKC). American Kennel Club, 2011.
[2] English Kennel Club Pomeranian Breed Standard, 2017.
[3] Denise Leo, The Pomeranian Handbook.
[4] Milo G. Denlinger "The Complete Pomeranian".
[5] Kimbering Pomeranians "1891-1991".
[6] William Taplin "The Sportsman’s Cabinet".
[7]  E. Parker "The Popular Pomeranian".
[8] Lilla Ives "Show Pomeranians".

Pomeranian Facts and Information
Pomeranian Facts and Information