If you are curious, when is the best time to breed male dogs and male Pomeranian mating age facts. Learn essential Pomeranian breeding facts and what other considerations should you make before and after mating than read to the end.
Out of all the breeds, Pomeranians are currently close to the the top. The popularity of these fluffy bundles of fur have garnered debates about ethical breeding practices.
In light of their debate-inducing status as one of today's most talked about little dogs amongst dog lovers around the globe, we sought help from experts. Who really know more than just how cute it is to look into those almond shaped dark eyes; breeders, judges, handlers, and show winners, among others whose experience spans decades.
The experts gave some insight into what makes Pom dogs so special, namely why people can't get enough of Pomeranians and the reasons many people want to breed Pomeranians.
If you decide breeding Pomeranians is for you, there is lots to learn prior to taking this significant step. It is vital to take into account the dog's age and maturity. For example, if one was considering breeding Pomeranians do you know what would be the best time? It turns out this can vary depending on whether the dogs are near puberty (younger) or adulthood (older).
At What Age Can a Male Pomeranian Breed?
The right age to breed your dog is a major concern for any male dog owner. The best time will vary based on the individual, but typically, healthy males and females could be bred between 18-24 months old.
Male and female Pomeranians tend to reach sexual maturity at around 6 -9 months of age and both males and female dogs are capable of mating after this point.
But it is advised not to breed your female dogs until they reach the age of 2 years, and it would be better to breed the male Pomeranian after the age of 12 months.
Why is This Age Considered Best?
The age at which the male and female Pomeranians are allowed to breed is justified because they will be healthiest, mentally and physically mature and ready for mating.
Male and female dogs should be vet checked prior to breeding to ensure they healthy. Any health testing and DNA tests should be done prior to breeding.
Female Pomeranians can be mated at around 2 years. The male's sperm is usually viable between 6-8 months, but males should not be used for breeding until well after 12 months of age.
How Young Can a Male Dog Breed?
A male dog can mate between 6 and 8 months, but should not be used as a sire until mature. The male Pomeranian should be a mature adult of about 18 month to 2 years and must be smaller in body weight than the female.
Breeding Pomeranian dogs is a delicate process, and when it comes to the male-female ratio, you have to be careful not only with size but age as well. Never breed under-aged dogs because they will most likely produce very small puppies that are more susceptible to health problems than those of older females.
Male dogs can produce a litter for most of their life; however, as they age, it will be more difficult to breed them with females who haven't reached maturity or those females who have just started ovulating. This is due to the decreased semen quality caused by increased health issues such as cysts on his prostate gland, which reduces testosterone levels.
A Pomeranian's life can be short, but the duration varies greatly. Some people are comfortable retiring their male Pom at seven years old when they retire female Poms; other breeders might continue to breed until he is ten or more.
Pomeranian males can produce many litters throughout their lifetime. It's best if male Poms are retired from stud duties when they're around 8 or 9 years old, right on par with most other breeds' life spans. Sometimes a male Pomeranian can live up until the age of 16 or more and still be in good health.
Sperm Count of Pomeranian Males
The normal value of sperm in the semen of a healthy dog is around 300 million to 2 billion sperm. However, there may be variations in semen quality depending on the Pomeranian's size, weight, and age. Normally, a dog ejaculates around 10 million sperm per ejaculation.
The second fraction, or semen in its liquid form, typically has a volume between 0.5 to 4 ml. If it's more than that then your dog may have prostate issues like prostatitis. The final fraction of ejaculation is rich in the prostatic fluid and few sperm cells. It usually carries 3 to 80mL semen. The semen volume is not an indicator of quality, for the quality concentration of semen is measured.
Pomeranian Breeding Facts
At What Age Should A Male Pomeranian be Selected for Breeding?
The sperm of a male Pomeranian may be capable of impregnating a female at an early age, but some breeders opt to wait until the dog is one year old or older before breeding. This way, they can ensure that their sperm has enough strength for impregnation and doesn't produce too many weak eggs with low-quality embryos. Some breeders even wait for two years.
How Many Times Can a Male Pomeranian Breed?
Pomeranian breeding can be an intense process, but it's important to know how often your Pomeranians should breed.
Male Pomeranians are much different than females. Unlike their counterparts, they don't go into heat and can mate any time of the year without complaint. Male Pomeranians are more likely to be bred every day than female ones because they don't get tired or exhausted with sexual activity like females.
But breeders don't support this concept because it exhausts the pair and reduces the chances of healthy progeny. That's why you should give your dog a break to ensure that his sperm is in good condition.
On the other hand, Females usually have two heat cycles per year. Some breeders choose to let their Pomeranians rest for one cycle between litters, while others prefer breeding her every other time she is in season. It's important to give some rest to the female in between cycles for the sake of your girl pomeranian's health and in order to obtain healthy litters.
How Do You Know That Your Pomeranian is Ready to Breed?
It can be difficult to determine when a dog is ready for mating, but there are signs that you may see. Male dogs will start showing humping behavior, and females might enter their first heat at six months old or older.
Male puppies also show some type of sexual interest. But don't let that fool you into thinking they're mature enough yet! After all, we need to establish a few other things before thinking about using young males as sires.
The process of breeding can be long and difficult, but much like humans, they too need physical maturity before reaching breeding age so as to avoid any potential health problems from early mating. In some extreme cases, there have been injuries or even death caused during breeding.
What is The Best Age For a Pomeranian Male to Breed?
It is recommended to breed your Pomeranian until after the age of two. Before that time, OFA will not allow them to be used as studs because they are too young for breeding purposes. There are many reasons why this age has been selected, including health testing, physical and mental maturity and more.
Breeding dogs can be a difficult process if you do not know what to expect. It doesn't always start with mating and ends in having healthy offspring, but other steps need to happen before the dog is ready for breeding. For one thing, both females and males must be in good health or the risk is high of producing puppies with health problems.
Every year, many pets are diagnosed with a health problem that was either undiagnosed or undetected before sale. Pomeranian doesn't always show symptoms for certain diseases and conditions until they reach the age of 2 years old or more. After this time has elapsed, it is important to get your dog an annual checkup at their vet's office, do the necessary health testing and DNA tests. So you are sure you male dog is are ready for breeding.
It is recommended not to breed Pomeranians older than eight years. If your dog has good overall health and can still breed without too much trouble, they might be allowed. If they are in bad health or health testing reveals they are carriers of certain diseases, it is recommended to retire them at eight years.
How to Prepare a Male for Breeding
Without proper health testing, DNA and a vet check it can be difficult to determine if your male Pomeranian is ready for breeding. It may take a couple of years before his body is mature enough so he can produce viable sperm cells. The first step in this process is usually a visit with an animal health professional to assess things like overall health, fertility, and genetic traits, among other factors.
Health Tests Preparation
Breeding a new litter also requires checking health conditions because some diseases might be passed down from parents onto those adorable little pups. Talk to your veterinarian before getting started so they can help prepare you in advance and give advice based on their experience working with other dogs who've been through similar things.
Mating for studs is a process that requires an extensive examination and approval by your vet. The dog's health must be taken into account before mating can take place, since this will affect their future offspring's quality as well.
Patella problems in particular, cannot be ignored because it affects walking ability later on down the line, not to mention other medical problems stemming from slipping kneecaps are expensive.
The vet will also check the ears and eyes, do some urine analysis and run some blood tests in order to make sure your Pom is healthy.
A genetic traits test is also necessary to make sure there aren't any issues with their DNA. Doing this will help ensure your pet won't have diseases in the future from unhealthy genes passed on through breeding ancestors who were not pure breeds themselves (and could be carrying recessive disorders).
If you know all this information of your stud it will be easy for you to find a suitable partner for them.
Sperm Fertility Check
It's never too soon to go for a fertility check. For those of you who've had dogs since they were puppies, or if this is a new journey with an older dog, it can be hard to determine the best time. A fertility check will give you answers and show whether your furry friend is ready to breed or wait for some more tie.
A fertility check includes an examination of your dog's reproductive anatomy and prostate. Often, the semen sample is collected to further this exam as well as examine history of breeding . The size of their genitals and prostatic glands are examined so that veterinarians may be able to gain insight into fertility status, such as egg fertilization success rates.
Apparently, you can't breed your dog if he's recovering from a physical injury. And some medications might make it impossible for him to mate with the female, so talk to your vet about all aspects of health before getting into the breeding phase.
As soon as you know that your dog is fertile, start looking for a perfect match for your Pomeranian.
Hygiene Status of the Male Pomeranian
Even if your male Pomeranian's only role in litter production is to get the female pregnant, you will nevertheless have to prepare them for breeding. Your pup should be clean and thoroughly groomed with special attention paid towards their private parts as this prevents giving a nasty infection to females.
Keeping your dog physically fit is crucial for successful breeding. In addition to ensuring that he's well-groomed, it's important that you provide him with a healthy diet and ample exercise time so they remain fit for breeding.
On the breeding day, it's smart not to feed your Pomeranian as they can throw up his food as soon as the process is over. If you're worried about him being hungry and thirsty for hours, be sure to stock up on some water or wet food beforehand so that after everything's finished, they can have a drink and snack.
Choose the Right Time for Breeding
The heat cycle of your female dog can be a difficult thing to time, as it is dependent on her oestrus phase. If you are lucky, and this phase occurs during the Estrus stage when she will more easily accept males in general, then mating may happen at any point. Females are acceptable during the Estrus phase of their cycle.
In order to increase the chances of pregnancy, mating should be done on every second day. A female dog owner can give you the right information about the heat cycle of the female.
The Mating Process
You might have to monitor the breeding procedure and intervene if needed. It's a delicate process that can lead to all sorts of complications, so it's important human help is on standby.
The canine tie is a very important part of mating, and your dog will be changing positions during the process. The position they face in opposite directions can last anywhere from 10 minutes to 30 minutes or more, depending on how long it takes them to finish up their business with each other.
It's always a good idea to keep the dogs from getting too rowdy when they are breeding, especially if you don't want your male injured. That's why it is important the breeder supervise the dogs during mating.
How Long Does It Take A Male Dog To Build Up Sperm?
It may seem like a good idea to breed your Pomeranian as much as possible, but it's actually smarter to give him a rest between sexual encounters.
This is a very informative passage about the process of reproduction in animals. To reproduce, a Pomeranian has to have healthy sperm cells and semen. Sperm cells and semen usually take 2 months to fully renew. The first few times a dog is mated are usually successful because sperm and semen are fresh.
It is very simple and understandable that your dog needs rest between the ejaculations so the sperm quality remains healthy and viable.
Pomeranian Breeding Facts Conclusion
If you're a breeder or just have an interest in breeding Pomeranians, it's important to know when the best time is for your male dog. Like many people assume, it may not be as simple as waiting until they are four years old.
A male Pom dog can start being bred after one year of age. Owners of female Pomeranians should wait until their dogs are 2 years old before considering breeding. The most important thing that breeders need to do is keep their dogs healthy! This includes making sure that males don't get injured.
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References and Further Reading:
 Official Standard of the Pomeranian (AKC). American Kennel Club, 2011.
 English Kennel Club Pomeranian Breed Standard, 2017.
 Denise Leo, The Pomeranian Handbook.
 Milo G. Denlinger "The Complete Pomeranian".
 Kimbering Pomeranians "1891-1991".
 William Taplin "The Sportsman’s Cabinet".
 E. Parker "The Popular Pomeranian".
 Lilla Ives "Show Pomeranians".