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The Complete Guide to the Miniature Pomeranian

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Last Updated on 25/04/2024 by Dochlaggie. Post first published on July 25, 2021.

Pomeranians are the only actual and recognized American Kennel Club breed of Pomeranian dogs. They come in a variety of colors, sizes, and personalities.

Learn the Truth Regarding Miniature Pomeranians

The adorable Miniature Pomeranian is just like any other normal-sized Pomeranian except that it’s much smaller in size. With that being said, Miniature Pomeranians aren’t recognized as a breed of their own. In fact, they are just smaller-sized regular Pomeranians.

A Miniature Pomeranian is an ideal family dog breed that is loving, playful, friendly, and energetic. You might be wondering what else this remarkable little dog has to offer? Well, this article will explain everything you need to know about Miniature Pomeranian dogs.

Miniature Pomeranian
Miniature Pomeranian

Miniature Pomeranian Appearance

The Miniature Pomeranian is a small-sized dog known for its luxurious coat and amazing personality. 

Let’s have a look at the physical characteristics of the Miniature Pomeranian:

  • Eye color possibilities: Eyes are dark, almond-shaped, and medium-sized.
  • Nose color possibilities: black or brown. 
  • Body: Compact and well-ribbed. 
  • Ears: Small, mounted high, and carried erect.
  • Expression: Fox-like, denoting its alert and intelligent nature. 
  • Tail: Heavily plumed, set high, and lies flat and straight on the back.
  • Coat: They have a medium-length and straight double coat. Their coat can be many colors including orange, cream, red, brown, gray, parti-color, black, or white.

Miniature Pomeranian Price

The Miniature Pomeranian price varies greatly. Many factors influence the mini Pom puppy price.

These include:

  • Location of the breeder.
  • Age of the puppy.
  • Whether the parents are champions.
  • Female puppies are usually in high demand, so they often have a higher price tag than male pups.
  • The color of the puppy also will influence the mini pomeranian price.
  • Miniature Pom puppies from parents who are DNA profiled and health tested are usually higher priced.

Vital Stats About Miniature Pomeranian Dogs

Let’s take a look at some vital stats of Miniature Pomeranian:



Dog Breed Group




Date of origin

The 1800s 


Lively, Bold, Inquisitive

Amount of shedding


Energy level 


Attention needs


Life Span

12 to 16 years


Norwegian Elkhound, German Spitz, Samoyed, American Eskimo Dog, Schipperke

Miniature Pomeranian Size

A Miniature Pomeranian full-grown is often just a smaller-sized regular Pomeranian or the type of Pomeranian breed by preservation breeders. Average sizes of the Pomeranian breed (AKC)

  • Height: 8-11 inches
  • Weight: 3-7 pounds
The Miniature Pomeranian Complete Guide
The Miniature Pomeranian Complete Guide

Miniature Pomeranian Highlights

We have listed below some characteristics of Miniature Pomeranians. This is meant to be a general guideline for Miniature Pomeranian dogs.

  • Miniature Pomeranians are loving and affectionate dogs and they crave companionship.
  • They are not friendly towards kids, strangers, and other pets.
  • Miniature Pomeranians are sensitive dogs and can’t handle harsh treatment. 
  • They have a low tolerance for being alone. These dogs are prone to worry and even panic when left alone by the owner.
  • They have a low tolerance for extreme temperatures.
  • They have a low drooling potential. If you dislike slobber spots on your clothes, Miniature Poms are a good choice.
  • Miniature Pomeranians are moderate shedders and require regular grooming and maintenance.
  • They have a low prey drive and generally won’t chase passing animals.
  • They have a very playful. 
  • Miniature Pomeranians have a high barking potential. If you are considering a watchdog, in an area full of suspicious strangers, these dogs would be a great choice.
  • They are excellent apartment dwellers due to their small size.
  • Miniature Pomeranians are intelligent and easy to train dogs. They are quick to pick up the commands and lessons.
  • The Miniature Pomeranian’s life span is 12 to 16 years.
  • Miniature Pomeranians have a moderate energy level but need a certain level of daily activity.
  • Teacup Pom, Pomeranian teacup, Mini Teacup Pom, Toy Pomeranian, or Mini Pomeranians are not acceptable variations or recognized breeds.
  • Miniature Pomeranians aren’t recognized as a breed of their own.
Miniature Pomeranian
Miniature Pomeranian

History of the Miniature Pomeranian 

Pomeranians were developed from dogs imported by Queen Charlotte into England. The dogs came from Pomerania and were descended from the ancient spitz-type dogs of the Arctic. Early Pomeranians weighed as much as 30 pounds.

Before 1908 a Miniature Pomeranian was classed as weighing under 8lbs. Poms over 8lbs were officially classified as Pomeranians.

In 1909 the weights were changed to Pomeranians being over 7lbs and Pomeranian Miniatures weighing under 7lbs. 1910 saw a new standard drawn up for Pomeranian Miniatures with the weight reduced to between 4 and 5 lbs.

In 1915 Miniature Pomeranians ceased to officially exist. The Kennel Club withdrew the challenges for the over-weight Pomeranians. The 2 sizes were now competing against each other, and the breed has been known authoritatively since this time as just the Pomeranian.

Miniature Pomeranian Personality

In the case of Miniature Pomeranians, their temperament will be exactly the same as that of any normal-sized Pomeranian, because both are of the same breed. 

Miniature Pomeranians are intelligent, loving, and playful dogs that are devoted to their family. Miniature Poms share the following personalities: 

  • Affectionate

Miniature Pomeranian is a loving and affectionate dog. They desire your attention and admiration but offer unconditional love to their owners. Miniature Pomeranians enjoy cuddling up next to their owner.  

  • Great watchdogs

The Miniature Pomeranians are alert and aware of their surroundings. They are highly protective of their family and make great watchdogs. 

  • Intelligent

Miniature Pomeranians are considered highly intelligent dogs. These little guys have a good memory. Miniature Poms need mental stimulation to stay away from mischievous and destructive activities. 

  • Barkers

Miniature Pomeranians are vocal dogs with high barking potential. They will bark every time someone approaches. You can train them to stop excessive barking and to avoid unpleasant situations.

  • Independent

Even though they are eager to please, Miniature Poms have a stubborn and independent nature.

  • Playful

Miniature Pomeranians are playful dogs and enjoy playing with their human companions. Their playful antics often help them get the adoration they crave.  

Many behavioral issues stem from a dog’s early upbringing. If socialized properly in puppyhood, Miniature Pomeranians make an excellent family dog. 

Miniature Pomeranian Complete Guide
Miniature Pomeranian Complete Guide

Major Health Concerns of Miniature Pomeranian 

Miniature Pomeranians are moderately healthy but are prone to few health issues. The health issues that may affect Mini Poms are:

  • Prone to injury: Miniature Pomeranians are far more fragile than the normal-sized Pomeranians. With such a low weight and tiny size, Miniature Pomeranians are much more prone to injuries.
  • Collapsing Trachea: Collapsing trachea is a genetic problem that happens when the trachea of the Miniature Pomeranian becomes narrow due to the softening of the cartilage that holds the windpipe. Avoid putting too much stress on your Mini Pom’s neck by opting to use a harness and leash.
  • Infections: Miniature Pomeranians are much more likely to catch infections than normal-sized Pomeranians.
  • Eye Problems: Eye problems in the Miniature Pomeranians are serious and should not be understated or overlooked. Eye problems include cataracts, Corneal dystrophy, and Progressive Retinal Atrophy.
  • Luxating Patellas: Luxating Patellas is a degenerative problem in Miniature Pomeranians due to the looseness of the kneecap. This happens when the muscles and the tendons that hold the kneecap of Miniature Poms in place become very weak. When the kneecap slips, it causes acute pain, lameness in the leg, or an abnormal gait in the Miniature Pomeranians. 
  • Epilepsy: This disease refers to abnormal, uncontrolled bursts of electrical activity in your Miniature Pomeranians brain, causing seizures. An epilepsy treatment plan for Miniature Pomeranians reduces seizure frequency and improves their quality of life.
  • Allergies: Miniature Pomeranians are prone to a variety of allergies. These little dogs may be allergic to pollens, molds, certain foods, and flea saliva.
Miniature Pomeranian
Miniature Pomeranian

How to Take Care of Miniature Pomeranian Dogs

Taking care of Mini Pomeranians involves a lot of things including feeding, grooming, training, and exercises.  

Feeding your Miniature Pomeranian:

Dog owners need to know a good diet and nutrition are important for the health of a small Pomeranian puppy. These dogs thrive and their bodies function optimally if given good nutrition. Good nutrition provides an overall boost in the immune system of your Miniature Pom.

Their diet must be formulated for a small-sized dog breed. They require a diet that is rich in protein, calories, essential minerals, and vitamins. It is also important to keep a feeding schedule and offer a proper amount of food, appropriate to your dog’s age and size.

The food requirements of a Miniature Pomeranian puppy change as they grow up. Clean and fresh water should be available to Miniature Pomeranians at all times.

Miniature Pomeranian
Miniature Pomeranian

Training your Miniature Pomeranian

Miniature Pomeranians are highly intelligent but sometimes tend to be stubborn and independent, which makes their training difficult. 

Patience, consistency, and reward-based training methods work best for Miniature Pomeranians. Being a sensitive breed, harsh treatment, punishments, and yelling will make them stubborn.

Here are some tips and techniques for dog training: 

  • Begin training early: Early socialization and puppy training classes are important in directing their energy in a positive way.
  • Use a reward system: Miniature Pomeranians respond well to positive reinforcement techniques. This should be used as a tool during Mini Pom’s training. Use the treats as a reward during training sessions.
  • Consistency is the key: Be consistent with the rules you are setting for your Miniature Pomeranian. 

Spend extra time with your Miniature Pomeranian, beyond the training sessions. Here are some of the training that you need to do with your Miniature Pomeranian puppy:

  • Socialization with other people and pets
  • Leash training
  • Crate training
  • House train and potty training
  • Basic commands like sit, stay, go, shake-hand, etc.
  • Obedience training

Grooming Needs of a Miniature Pomeranian: 

Miniature Pomeranians are moderate shedders and have a luxurious and soft double coat. You can still expect to find a lot of hair around the home.

Grooming your Miniature Pomeranian is a great way to bond with your dog. Here are some grooming tips and techniques for your dog:

  • Brushing: The coat of the Miniature Pomeranian will tangle underneath if it is not combed at least twice a week. Regular brushing keeps the coat in good condition and avoids mats or tangles.
  • Bathing: Bathe your Miniature Pomeranian when necessary with a good canine shampoo. Frequent bathing strips the coat of oils that keep it healthy. Use clean and warm water, and then towel dry.
  • Ear cleaning: Clean the ears as needed with a solution recommended by your vet.
  • Nail trimming: Trim the nails every couple of weeks or as needed. This will keep the Miniature Pomeranians’ feet in good condition. Start trimming your Mini Pom’s nails when your dog is very young so that he becomes used to it.
  • Teeth brushing: Miniature Pomeranians are prone to dental problems. Inspect your Miniature Pomeranian’s teeth and gums and brush their teeth to prevent tartar buildup.
  • Eye cleaning: Check the eyes for redness and excessive discharge and make sure they are clean.

When you groom your Miniature Pomeranian, look inside its mouth and ears for signs of allergies or infection. Your regular grooming and careful weekly exam will help you spot potential health problems early. Make grooming a positive experience filled with praise and rewards.

The Miniature Pomeranian - Complete Guide
The Miniature Pomeranian – Complete Guide

Exercise Requirements of Miniature Pomeranian:

You should expect to participate in daily exercise sessions with your Miniature Pomeranians. This is also important for their happiness and wellbeing. By exercising your tiny Pomeranian puppy, you will prevent health risks and reduce behavioral problems through fun activities.

Exercising a tiny puppy should not be a burden for you or your dog. You can meet your Miniature Pomeranian’s exercise requirements by:

  • Teaching new tricks
  • Walking
  • Fetching
  • Chasing
  • Playing with puzzle toys
  • Hide-and-seek
  • Obedience training
  • Give your Miniature Pomeranian a safe area to play and run.

The exercise needs of Miniature Pomeranian puppies are quite different. With their still-developing bones and joints, the best exercise for Mini Pomeranian puppies is free to play with age-appropriate toys.

How Do Miniature Pomeranians Relate with Children and other Pets?

Tiny dogs like the teacup Pom and miniature Pomeranian are not suitable for a household with small kids. They are friendly with children but should still be supervised during playtime. It is always recommended to first socialize a Pomeranian puppy with children of the home.

Due to their small size, they are best suited to a family with older kids. You should let kids play with your Mini Pom under supervision. Mistreatment by young kids can be heavy-handed and hurt a Miniature Pomeranian. 

Be sure that any small kid around a Pom is taught how to interact with dogs respectfully and gently. Kids can participate actively in Miniature Pomeranian’s grooming.  

Miniature Pomeranians don’t have great canine social skills. If you already have another pet dog, the Miniature Pomeranian won’t be a great choice. Mini Poms are best suited to a one-dog household.

Pro tip: Teach your kids how to approach and touch dogs, and always supervise any interactions between dogs and kids.

Parting Shot on Miniature Pomeranian Dogs 

If you are interested in buying a tiny Pomeranian puppy, please avoid unethical breeders. You will get a chance to meet the pup’s parents, see their American Kennel Club registration papers, and get a pure-bred and healthy Pom. Unethical breeders focus more on intentional inbreeding which may lead to many medical conditions and health issues

Mini Poms are adorable, loving, and make wonderful family members. You can help your Miniature Pomeranian live his best life by providing special care. Remember that like small kids, our pets are heavily reliant on our care as owners! You must give your Miniature Pomeranian high-quality food, take care of his exercise and grooming needs, and take him for check-ups to a vet. 

Miniature Poms deserve only the best! 

If you have any questions about dog breeds, please do let us know. We would be happy to hear from you. 

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Miniature Pomeranian
Miniature Pomeranian

References and Further Reading:
[1] Official Standard of the Pomeranian (AKC). American Kennel Club, 2011.
[2] English Kennel Club Pomeranian Breed Standard, 2017.
[3] Denise Leo, The Pomeranian Handbook.
[4] Milo G. Denlinger “The Complete Pomeranian.”
[5] Kimbering Pomeranians “1891-1991”.
[6] William Taplin’s “The Sportsman’s Cabinet.”
[7]  E. Parker “The Popular Pomeranian.”
[8] Lilla Ives “Show Pomeranians.”



Pomeranians are my passion, and I have shared my life with these darling little dogs for many decades. The creator and face behind this website is published author and Pomeranian breed authority Denise Leo of Dochlaggie Pomeranians.

Denise Leo
Denise Leo