Pomeranian dogs can come in a variety of colors. However, most people who don’t own Pomeranians consider orange to be the main color and it is, after all, regarded as the classic color for Pomeranians.
The Orange Sable Pomeranian and Orange Pomeranian have been acknowledged as the typical colors for the Pomeranian dog for decades. Most Pomeranians that appear in any show ring and do lots of winning are usually orange or orange sable.
On This Page
- 1 What’s a Red Pomeranian?
- 2 What’s an Orange Pomeranian?
- 3 What’s an Orange Sable Pomeranian?
- 4 Development of the Pomeranian Dog Orange and Red Sables
- 5 Pomeranian Breed Standards
- 6 Early Famous Orange and Orange Sable Pomeranians
- 7 Final thoughts on this Beautiful Pomeranian Color
- 8 Learn All About Pomeranians in The Pomeranian Handbook
What’s a Red Pomeranian?
A red Pomeranian is a deeper color than an orange; more like a red rusty color with points that have to be black.
What’s an Orange Pomeranian?
There’s more than one kind of Orange Pomeranian dog. They can be a very dark sable color when first born, a light orange or even white when they’re first born. An orange pup can be a dark-colored sable when newborn and will often flourish into that lovely orange color once he hits maturity.
A different version of the orange Pomeranian puppy is quite pale, sometimes even an almost white color, when he’s first born. The color of this Pomeranian puppy’s coat generally will deepen until he reaches maturity, when his coat turns into a beautiful orange color.
The orange Pom colors range from a light orange shade all the way to a deep rich orange color. The Pomeranian Standard rules that orange Poms need black points like those in the red Poms.
- If there’s no black hair in a dog’s coat, he can be deemed a clear “orange.”
- These orange Pomeranians may have extremely light cream shading and a light orange color.
- Their coat may be filled with darker, deeper orange color, and that classifies them as being true “red” Poms.
- Within the orange color is a lot of different shades. However, all Pomeranians with orange coloring of any sort are beautiful, and that’s exactly what people envision when thinking about Poms.
What’s an Orange Sable Pomeranian?
If your Pom’s orange coat has black tips, it’s known as “sabling” and is officially labelled as “orange sable.”
An orange sable Pomeranian puppy at birth is usually a dark color that’s nearly black. More than half of them lose all this black tipping before they become adult Poms and may only retain orange shades. However, some retain the black tipping and others may have a black mask, these dogs are often referred to as a dark orange sable Pomeranian.
Sables must have a minimum of three shades within his coat. The shades need to be very consistent and have no self-colored areas. The coats of sables possess the
- Red sables have red hues and black tips.
- Orange sables contain guard hairs of a deep orange color, and black tips.
- Their undercoat is light orange through to cream in color.
Development of the Pomeranian Dog Orange and Red Sables
A quick look at the history of the Pomeranian dog will help explain how the orange and orange sables developed. We know from research that the first Pomeranians were white, black and beige in color.
In 1890, shaded sables and sables began to appear, starting with the birth of the Prince of Orange. He was a bright sable with collie markings that were even and ice white.
Queen Victoria purchased a Pomeranian called Marco who was a stunning red sable.
It was inevitable that this one purchase would cause the beginnings of a brand-new color craze. In the early 1900s, shaded sables became extremely popular, quickly followed by the Pomeranian colors orange and red.
Theo Marples held the title of the first Honourable Secretary of the Pomeranian Club. His belief was that trying to breed colored Poms was too random to be reliable.
It was the incidents of beautifully colored Pomeranians unexpectedly appearing in litters that persuaded breeders to focus their attention on breeding colored Poms.
Mr. Marples noticed that, in the early stages of the breed, two black dogs produced a litter often containing a few brown puppies. If a brown or chocolate bitch mated with a black dog, the litter were generally shaded sables.
Pomeranian Breed Standards
In 1878, mention is made of Red Pomeranians – “A red strain, that looks a lot like a fox in his coat’s texture and in every aspect but his tail, is occasionally seen in Europe.”
The original Pomeranian Standards had nothing specific about color, merely the overall look.
The big question regarding colors was this – was it a list of colors that had been actually seen by Club members or was it a wish list?
In Germany, the acknowledged colors were: brown, black, pure white and wolf sable.
In 1898 the breed standard listed sable and red as approved colors and mentioned “any reds that are free of white.”
In 1909, the color section of the breed standard now mentions – “sable or shaded sable (including red, orange or fawn)” and “shaded sables” must be shaded throughout, with three or more colors, as uniformly as possible, with no patches of self-color. Oranges must be self-colored throughout, and light shading, though not disqualifying, should be discouraged.”
The Breed Standard has been changed plenty of times since those early days and today the Breed Standard’s section for sables and oranges states that “Oranges must be as self-colored and bright as possible.”
Early Famous Orange and Orange Sable Pomeranians
Born in 1894, Mr. T was registered as being “red,” but an eyewitness described the dog as an orange sable.
Ch Dragonfly was born in 1903. He was an orange shaded sable but was actually registered as a shaded sable. Despite not being the very first orange sable, he’s regarded as the founder of that color.
An orange Pom, CH Mars, was born 25 August 1906. He was a “stand-out” amongst orange Pomeranians, despite (like Dragonfly), he wasn’t the first orange Pom.
After the first Pomeranian to have won the UK Championship as an orange Pom. Mrs E. Parker and Mrs Tinsley jointly bred him. The first appearance by Mars was in KC Stud Books following a limit win in 1907 in Edinburgh. He quickly notched up plenty more wins for his owners.
Sirius, his litter brother, was a light orange Pomeranian and registered that way. However, he was sometimes referred to as a cream color. Sirius was bought, for a large amount of money, by American Pomeranian breeders.
These dogs did not breed true to color, with most of the puppies produced were wolf sables. Oranges and sables were still described as “apt to be flat-coated,” until 1919.
During 1910 – 1911, there was plenty of discussion about how to accurately define both colors along with how to exactly define the sable. If the Pomeranian Standard doesn’t accept a white shade on an orange color, why do they accept a black shade on an orange sable? If an orange color possesses a black muzzle, is it right or wrong?
Breeders took up the color challenge of making this a perfect color every time and achieved a lot of success. After the War, orange and the orange sables totally dominated the show rings wherever they went.
Final thoughts on this Beautiful Pomeranian Color
If every human being was the same height, build, size, had the same hair color and shade, life would be boring because you would find it hard to tell the differences.
So, why should dogs all need the same coloring, size, height, weight and other characteristics?
On a Pomeranian, orange is a beautiful color and it’s for this reason that breeders attempt to breed litters to get this color (and others where necessary). Imagine that you’re looking to buy a couple of puppies.
If you choose orange Pomeranians, you can’t really go wrong (providing you always do your due diligence). There are always scammers out there, but if you deal with a registered show breeder, then the risk is minimal and you can focus on what you want from your potential new puppies or dogs.
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References and Further Reading:
 Official Standard of the Pomeranian (AKC). American Kennel Club, 2011.
 English Kennel Club Pomeranian Breed Standard, 2017.
 Denise Leo, The Pomeranian Handbook.
 Milo G. Denlinger “The Complete Pomeranian”.
 Kimbering Pomeranians “1891-1991”.
 William Taplin “The Sportsman’s Cabinet”.
 E. Parker “The Popular Pomeranian”.
 Lilla Ives “Show Pomeranians”.