Pomeranian Facts

Marian Kennedy with her Pomeranian dog at the first specialty show held by the American Pomeranian Club.


Learn why this astounding toy dog is one of the most loved and discover Pomeranian facts.

Pomeranian Facts

Pomeranian Dog Origins

The Pomeranian dog acquired its name from a region in Germany called Pomerania, now part of Poland and Germany. This spitz dog was developed and became known as the Pomeranian in England. Classed as a toy dog breed because of its small size, the Pomeranian is descended from larger Spitz-type dogs. 

In 1870, the English Kennel Club officially recognised the breed and held the very first show, where three Poms were on exhibition.

In 1900, in the United States, the American Kennel Club (AKC) first recognised this small breed. Prior to 1900, the AKC organised the Pomeranians to compete in the Miscellaneous Class. On the 10th January, 1911, the first American Pomeranian show was held in New York City at the prestigious Waldorf-Astoria Hotel.


Unique Pomeranian Characteristics

Pomeranian Facts

Mrs Hamilton’s White Pomeranian Champion.

The Pomeranian is the smallest a member of the Spitz family of breeds. Dogs in this group usually have thick, long fur. Ancestors of the Pom were generally white, black or off-white in colour.

The Pom’s tail goes straight over his back and lies flat. It should NOT curl. The flat tail is a characteristic of Pomeranians that distinguishes it from other dogs that are spitz breeds. Apart from the Pomeranian, other dogs in the group include the: Chow Chow, the American Eskimo Dog, Akita Inu, Alaskan Malamute and Alaskan Husky.

Although the Pom seems to only have one extremely fluffy coat, this isn’t really the case. It actually has two separate coats. The undercoat has thick fur and is quite short. The overcoat has long hair. The two layers combine to make this beautiful fur ball that people everywhere fall in love with. Poms have to be brushed and patted upwards, as in towards the head.

This breed is different to most in that it needs the female to be a little bigger than the male counterpart.

Pomeranian Facts

Black Pomeranian from 1896

Pomeranians and other smaller breeds tend to live longer than bigger dogs. The Pomeranian lives an average of 12-16 years. Toy dogs  are mature physically quicker than the larger dog breeds. A Pom is regarded as an adult once he’s one year old. The bigger breeds hit this mark around the age of two years.

Pomeranians are now in the top 10 most popular dogs in the US.

Pomeranian Owners

Queen Charlotte brought Pomeranians to England.

Queen Victoria bred and exhibited Pomeranians.

Michelangelo had a Pomeranian assist him while he painted the Sistine chapel.

Isaac Newton’s Pomeranian, Diamond would chew his manuscripts.

Pimperl, Mozarts Pomeranian had an aria dedicated to her by the famous composer.

Chopins “Valse des Petits Cheins” was inspired by his girlfriend’s Pomeranian.

Read more about famous Pomeranian owners. 

Pomeranians on the Titanic: There were 12 dogs on the Titanic. The majority of these dogs belonged to affluent Americans. The fare for a canine on the Titanic was pricey, identical to a child’s fare. 3 dogs survived the tragedy, a Pekingese and two Pomeranians. The two Pomeranians being Lady, owned by Miss Margaret Hays and a Pomeranian belonging to Mrs Elizabeth Barrett Rothschild. This Pomeranian survived the Titanic disaster, however was later killed by another dog in New York. Elizabeth’s husband, Martin was one of the many who perished in the accident.

History of the Pomeranian as a Show Dog.

In 1988, the winner of the Westminster Best In Show was a Pomeranian called Ch. Great Elms Prince Charming III.

First Pomeranian Champion

The first Champion of the Pom breed was a white Pomeranian named “Rob of Rozele “.

Read more about early Champions of the Pomeranian Breed HERE.

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