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Full Details: Pomeranian Facts and Personality Traits Revealed

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Are you looking for a loyal, intelligent companion to bring joy into your home? A Pomeranian might be the perfect pup for you! This cheerful and friendly breed is known for its happy demeanor and playfulness.

They're quick learners and tend to fit in with any family, thanks to their low-maintenance requirements. We'll cover some of the essential facts about Pomeranians, so you can decide if it's the breed for you.

Pomeranians, often called Poms, are playful and mischievous dogs that love attention from their owners. They bring a lot of joy to those who own them.
Poms are also known for being loyal and affectionate companions, which is why they make great family pets.

Not only do Poms enjoy playing and cuddling with their owners, but they also enjoy being pampered.

Whether it’s a new toy or special treats, Pomeranians love to be spoiled! Poms are also very intelligent and eager to learn, so training them is usually easy for owners.

Pomeranian dogs are known for having big personalities in small packages. From the cute little pom pom tails to their fluffy coats, poms make great companions. Not only do they bring joy through playing

Besides bringing a lot of joy to their owners, Pomeranians also provide plenty of other benefits. They are low maintenance, perfect for people living in smaller spaces or with limited grooming experience.

Furthermore, Poms don’t need a lot of exercise, making them an excellent option for those who don't live an active lifestyle.

All in all, Pomeranian dogs make great pets. Their playful and cheerful personalities make them a great source of joy for their owners. With Poms, you can always have a loyal companion by your side.

Pomeranian Facts
Pomeranian Facts

What's a Pomeranian?

You can recognise a Pomeranian for a few distinct features. He has a fluffy, luxurious double coat, his ears prick up when alert, and he has a cute foxy face.

He has a square body with a fluffy tail that usually sits up and over his back. Around his neck appears a thick ruff of fur. There you have it; a proud Pomeranian that could easily manage life in snowy regions.

This fun-loving, inquisitive toy dog has a body that could easily sit in your purse. However, he has four legs and usually prefers to walk as much as possible.

While this breed can be described as sassy at times, Pomeranians are fiercely loyal, loving, and ideal companions for many seeking a dog with such qualities.

Now you understand what a Pomeranian dog is all about; it’s time to learn more about these dogs because no two dogs are alike, in the same way that no two people are alike.

Pomeranian Facts
Pomeranian Facts

Interesting Facts About Pomeranians

Although Pomeranians are small dogs, they’re significantly more than the delightful furballs they resemble. Their bright, almost twinkling eyes are always wide open, greeting the world around them with boundless curiosity and supreme confidence that no other creature is as charming and adorable as him.

Pomeranians have a huge personalities, matched only by the size of their fur coats and their amazing self-confidence.

A Pomeranian is the smallest breed in the Spitz dog family, but they’re endowed with courage that you normally would associate with dogs of a much greater size. He is always a favorite breed, despite weighing under seven pounds.

Pomeranian Facts
Pomeranian Facts

A Pomeranian can easily be compared to a bright shining star: he’s highly intelligent, has an exceptional temperament when it comes to mixing with people and other animals, and, as mentioned previously, his eyes shine like bright stars in the sky.

He loves his family and is ecstatic about lap time, but he’s always full of beans. Instead of sleeping on his favorite piece of furniture, he often wanders around the home with specific goals in mind.

Quick Pomeranian Breed Info

Breed Group:In Fci countries, this dog is shown in the Spitz and Toy groups in other countries.
Temperament:The Pomeranian is an active dog who is intelligent, courageous, and a loyal companion.
Height:8 – 11 inches (18 – 24 cm) 
Weight:3 to 7 pounds
Exercise: Low
Grooming: Moderate
Popularity:Currently ranks 23rd of 197 American Kennel Club breeds
Lifespan:12 to 16 years
Colors:Black, black & tan, blue, blue & tan, chocolate, chocolate & tan, cream, cream sable, orange, orange sable, red, red sable, parti-color, beaver, brindle, chocolate sable, white, wolf sable, and merle
Pomeranian Facts
Pomeranian Facts

All About Pomeranians

Pomeranian Breed History

What Country Do Pomeranians Come From?

The Pomeranian is descended from the spitz dogs of Europe but was developed as a breed in England. The Pomeranian dog acquired its name from a region in Germany called Pomerania, now part of Poland and Germany.

This spitz dog was developed and became known as the Pomeranian in England. Classed as a toy dog breed because of its small size, the Pomeranian is descended from larger Spitz-type dogs.

Why Were Pomeranians Bred?

Looking at a Pomeranian, it is difficult to imagine this toy dog breed pulling a sled. However, this dog breed is descended from large husky-type dogs and shares the same ancestors as other Spitz sled dogs, the Chow Chow, Alaskan Malamute, and the Siberian Husky.

During the 19th century, Pomeranians were selectively bred smaller from their husky ancestors and developed as a separate dog breed. These smaller dogs were kept as companions.
Apart from the Pomeranian, other dogs in the group include the: Chow Chow, the American Eskimo Dog, the Akita Inu, Alaskan Malamute, and Alaskan Husky. 

Queen Victoria put Pomeranians in the Spotlight

Until 1888, Pomeranians were a relative unknown. But that changed when Queen Victoria went to Italy and was bewitched by the adorable Marco—a sweet little canine that forever charmed Her Majesty’s heart! Soon enough, she became an ardent fan of these cuddly fluffballs and spread their fame throughout Britain.

Teddy Roosevelt, the 26th President of America, had a lot going on but also found time in his life to have some canine companionship! His little Pomeranian named Gem was an integral part of his family.

Pomeranian Facts
Pomeranian Facts

Famous Pomeranians

The Most Famous Pomeranian Dog is?

The most famous Pomeranian dog in his own right is BOO. Boo, the world's cutest dog, has well over 16 million Facebook fans, two published books, and a huge range of Boo collectibles available.

Boo is often referred to as the cutest Pomeranian in the world. Until his death, Boo resided in San Francisco.

Jiff the Pomeranian comes a close second to the Pomeranian dog Boo. The Pomeranian dog Jiff has a huge following on Instagram and Facebook.

Is Boo a Pomeranian Dog?

Boo was a Pomeranian who suffered coat issues, so his coat was clipped into his trademark style.

Did Boo the Pomeranian Die?

Yes, unfortunately, Boo the Pomeranian left us in 2019. Boo was 12 years old.

Pomeranian Facts
Pomeranian Facts- Pomeranian Puppy

Pomeranians on the Titanic?

Two Pomeranian dogs survived the sinking of the Titanic—Lady who Margaret Hays owned. Margaret Hays purchased Lady in Paris, and this little Pom dog was being brought to America on the Titanic.

The other Pomeranian who survived the sinking of the Titanic was a little Pomeranian owned by Elizabeth Barrett Rothschild.

Famous Pomeranians?

Over the decades many celebrities have owned Pomeranians, and Pomeranians have been starring in their own right in movies and television series.

Pomeranians Inspired Many Artists and Composers

Who knew Pomeranians could bring out the creative genius in some of history's most celebrated classical artists? From great painters to famous composers, these furry friends have served as an inspiration for many!

Michelangelo was renowned for his incredible art, but some may not know that he had an exceptional furry friend! His beloved Pomeranian would reside near the Sistine Chapel as Michelangelo painted its beautiful ceiling. Who knows - we can thank this pup for inspiring one of history's greatest masterpieces.

Pomeranian Facts- Pomeranian Puppy
Pomeranian Facts- Pomeranian Puppy

Pomeranian Breed Information

Pomeranian Characteristics Explained

The Pomeranian is the smallest member of the Spitz family of breeds. Dogs in this group usually have thick, long fur. Ancestors of the Pom were generally white, black, or off-white.

Pomeranian Coat

Although the Pom seems only to have one extremely fluffy coat, this isn’t the case. This dog breed has what is called a double coat. The undercoat has thick fur and is relatively short.

The topcoat or overcoat consists of long straight hair. The two layers combine to make this beautiful fur ball that people everywhere fall in love with.

Pomeranian Tail

The flat tail is an essential Pomeranian characteristic that distinguishes the Pom dog from all other spitz breeds dogs. The Pom’s tail goes straight over his back and lies flat. It should NOT curl.

Pomeranian Colors

This dog comes in many color combinations: black, black & tan, blue, blue & tan, chocolate, chocolate & tan, cream, cream sable, orange, orange sable, red, red sable, parti-color, beaver, brindle, chocolate sable, white, wolf sable, and merle.

What is a Merle Pomeranian?

A merle Pomeranian is a color pattern recently added as an acceptable Pomeranian color marking in the USA.

Pomeranian Size Details

This dog breed differs from most, as the female must be a little bigger than the male counterpart. A Pomeranian is a small, compact, dainty dog. The Pomeranian ideally weighs 4 to 5 pounds (1.8 to 2.7 kg) but may weigh 3 to 7 pounds.

When is a Pomeranian Fully Grown?

A Pom dog is regarded as an adult or full grown Pomeranian once he’s one year old. The bigger dog breeds hit this mark around the age of two years.

Do Pomeranian Puppies Change Color?

Ever wonder why so many Pomeranian puppies look different from one another? As they grow older, some of these little fluff balls can dramatically change hues!

Who knows if a cream-colored pup will become orange, white, or even bright orange? No matter the outcome, it's sure to be an exciting surprise!

What is the Lifespan of a Pomeranian?

The average Pomeranian lifespan is about 12 years, but it’s not unusual for some to live a happy life well into their mid to late teens.

Keeping your Pom trim and active will help prevent many health problems and enable him to lead a happy life into the mid-teens. Pomeranians and other smaller breeds tend to live longer than bigger dogs. 

Why Do Pomeranians Spin?

Pomeranians spin a lot. This habit is a Pomeranian breed trait and some Pomeranian owners refer to this habit as the Pomeranian pirouette. Pomeranians usually spin when they are happy and excited. 

How Much is a Pomeranian?

Pomeranian prices vary and are dependant on many factors, which include, age of the Pom, your location, whether you purchase from a breeder or other sources.

What is a Teacup Pomeranian?

There is no breed of dog called a teacup Pomeranian. The term teacup Pomeranian is just a gimmick term used by unscrupulous puppy sellers to attract buyers, by attempting to imply their Pomeranians are tiny.

Pomeranian Facts- Orange Pomeranian Puppy
Pomeranian Facts- Orange Pomeranian Puppy

Pomeranian Exercise and Feeding

Pomeranian Exercise Requirements

Because of his diminutive size, he can usually get sufficient exercise inside. However, he’s much happier if he goes on long walks, frolics with any other tiny dogs, and chases leaves around when it’s windy.

How Much Should a Pomeranian Eat a Day?

The amount of food a Pomeranian should eat each day varies and is usually dependant on the age, activity and size of the dog.

How Often to Feed Pomeranian Puppy?

Here at Dochlaggie Pomeranians, I feed puppies a canned quality puppy food topped with puppy milk 3 times daily. Dry puppy kibble and water is available 24/7.

What Should I Feed My Pomeranian?

If your Pomeranian is an adult dog, home cooked doggie meals are best. If your Pomeranian is under 12 months months of age, a high quality commercial puppy food is best.

Pomeranian Facts Orange Pomeranian
Pomeranian Facts Orange Pomeranian

Pomeranian Health

What are the Pomeranian Health Issues?

Health problems common to the Pom dog include: patella luxation, coat loss issues and collapsing tracheas.

Hair Loss in Pomeranians

Some Pomeranian dogs can suffer from hair loss , which is called black skin disease.

When Should I Get My Pomeranian Spayed?

Desexing a small dog breed like the Pomeranian is best performed at around six months of age.

Pomeranian Spaying Aftercare?

Pomeranians require special care during the days post-operation. The operation is less invasive, and recovery is shorter for boy Pomeranians.

Pomeranian Breathing Problems?

Breathing problems is a common Pomeranian health issue. Pomeranians may wheeze, gag, reverse sneeze and suffer from collapsed trachea.

Pomeranian Dental Issues?

Pomeranian teeth problems are not uncommon. Pomeranian tooth loss can happen early unless good Pom dental hygiene is practiced.

Pomeranian Vaccinations?

All dogs require vaccination to prevent many dangerous illnesses. A vaccination schedule with guidance from your vet needs to be followed.

Pomeranian Facts Sable Pomeranian Dog
Pomeranian Facts Sable Pomeranian Dog

Pomeranian Care and Training

Are Pomeranians Hard to Take Care Of?

This dog breed is a little harder than a smooth-coated dog, as the double coat requires grooming on a regular basis. Owing to their small size, extra care is required with young Pom puppies.

Can Pomeranians Live Outside?

No. Due to their small size, Pomeranians are indoor dogs and are usually best suited to living in the home with short play times in the backyard or a quick walk to the park

Are Pomeranians Good Apartment Dogs?

Apartment residents need to select a smaller-sized breed of dog. A small dog doesn’t require tremendous amounts of area to run around and play, and a Pomeranian is ideal for such situations.

Pomeranians and Children?

Are Pomeranians good with kids? Are Pomeranians good with babies? Are Pomeranians good family dogs? Pomeranians make lovely pets for families with older children.

Young Pom puppies are small and fragile, so are not suited to families with young children. An older Pomeranian puppy is a better choice for families with small children.

Are Pomeranians Good With Cats?

Cats and Pomeranians bond and usually become best friends. Older cats suddenly having a young Pom puppy added to their household may decide the newcomer is not welcome. Adding a kitten or younger cat to a Pomeranian home is advisable. A younger cat will bond with other family pets. 

Do Pomeranians Bark A Lot?

All dogs bark and small dogs have a terrible reputation for being barkers.  Pomeranian dog barking can be an issue if owners allow bad behavior and do not train their Pomeranian dog. 

How Smart are Pomeranians?

Pomeranians are extremely intelligent, smart little dogs.

Are Pomeranians Hard to Train?

Pomeranians are very smart, and they love learning. Owners must be consistent, as some Pom puppies often have a mind of their own. 

What Pomeranians Like To Do?

Number one on a Pom's list of the greatest things in life is just spending time with their human. Other things Pomeranian's love include, playing with toys, cuddling up in their human's bed, going for walks and enjoying life.

Do Pomeranians Like To Cuddle?

Most Pom dogs delight in cuddling and snuggling up with their people.

Pomeranian Facts- Pomeranian Puppy
Pomeranian Facts- Pomeranian Puppy

Pomeranian Grooming

Always Brush and Pat a Pomeranian's Fur Upwards

Pomeranian dogs must be brushed and patted upwards, as in towards the head.

Should I Shave My Pomeranian in The Summer?

Can you shave Pomeranians? Shaving or clipping a Pom dog is not recommended, as the coat may not grow back. 

Do Pomeranians Shed?

Yes Pomeranians do shed and there are 3 types of Pomeranian shedding.


The Pomeranian is a confident and spunky breed, which accounts for its high popularity. Although they require regular grooming to maintain their thick coat, many people find this small dog the perfect house pet.

The Pomeranian can get along well with other animals and children with proper training and socialization. If you're looking for a lovable companion that will bring joy to your family, consider adopting a Pomeranian today.

Pomeranians are sure to bring lots of love and laughter into your life. If you’re looking for a loyal companion with plenty of personality, A Pomeranian may be just what you need.

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References and Further Reading:
[1] Official Standard of the Pomeranian (AKC). American Kennel Club, 2011.
[2] Official English Kennel Club Pomeranian Breed Standard , 2017.
[3] Kimbering Pomeranians "1891-1991".
[4] Denise Leo, The Pomeranian Handbook.

The Pomeranian Handbook