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Pom Information Pomeranian Breed History

Pomeranian Facts. All About Pomeranians.

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Learn why this astounding toy dog is one of the most loved and why Pomeranians are now in the top 10 most popular dogs in the US. Discover important Pomeranian facts and Pomeranian info.

Interesting Facts About Pomeranians

What Country Do Pomeranians Come From?

The Pomeranian is descended from the spitz dogs of Europe, but was developed as a breed in England. The Pomeranian dog acquired its name from a region in Germany called Pomerania, now part of Poland and Germany.

This spitz dog was developed and became known as the Pomeranian in England. Classed as a toy dog breed because of its small size, the Pomeranian is descended from larger Spitz-type dogs.

Why Were Pomeranians Bred?

Looking a Pomeranian, it is difficult to imagine this toy dog breed pulling a sled. However, this dog breed is descended from large husky type dogs and shares the same ancestors as other spitz dogs chow chow, Alaskan malamute and Siberian husky.
During the 19th century Pomeranians were selectively bred smaller from their husky ancestors and developed as a breed. These smaller dogs were kept as companions.

Apart from the Pomeranian, other dogs in the group include the: Chow Chow, the American Eskimo Dog, Akita Inu, Alaskan Malamute and Alaskan Husky.

Read more about Pomeranian dog history here:

History of the Pomeranian as a Show Dog

In 1870, the English Kennel Club officially recognised the breed and held the very first show, where three Poms were on exhibition.1863, Pomeranians had classes of their own in London’s Great International Dog Show.The English Pomeranian Club was established in 1891.

Pomeranian facts. All about pomeranians. Pomeranian Characteristics.
Pomeranian facts. All about pomeranians. Pomeranian Characteristics.

First Pomeranian Champion

The first Champion of the Pomeranian dog breed was a white Pomeranian named “Rob of Rozele “.

Read more about early Champions of the Pomeranian Breed HERE.

The Pomeranian Dog in U.S.A.

In 1900, in the United States, the American Kennel Club (AKC) first recognised this small breed. In 1900, the country’s Kennel Club officially recognised the Pomeranian and the American Pomeranian Club was formed.

The American Pomeranian Club became a member club of the American Kennel Club in 1909.1910, saw the very first Pomeranian breed show in the U.S.A.
In 1988, the winner of the Westminster Best In Show was a Pomeranian called Ch. Great Elms Prince Charming III.

Pomeranians on the Titanic

There were 12 dogs on the Titanic. The majority of these dogs belonged to affluent Americans. The fare for a canine on the Titanic was pricey, identical to a child’s fare. 3 dogs survived the tragedy, a Pekingese and two Pomeranians.
The two Pomeranians being Lady, owned by Miss Margaret Hays and a Pomeranian belonging to Mrs Elizabeth Barrett Rothschild. This Pomeranian survived the Titanic disaster, however was later killed by another dog in New York. Elizabeth’s husband, Martin was one of the many who perished in the accident.

Pomeranian Characteristics

The Pomeranian is the smallest a member of the Spitz family of breeds. Dogs in this group usually have thick, long fur. Ancestors of the Pom were generally white, black or off-white in colour.

Pomeranian Tail

The flat tail is an important Pomeranian characteristic that distinguishes the Pom dog from all other dogs that are spitz breeds. The Pom’s tail goes straight over his back and lies flat. It should NOT curl

Pomeranian Coat

Although the Pom seems to only have one extremely fluffy coat, this isn’t really the case. It actually has two separate coats. The undercoat has thick fur and is quite short. The overcoat has long hair. The two layers combine to make this beautiful fur ball that people everywhere fall in love with.

Always Brush and Pat a Pomeranian’s Fur Upwards

Pomeranian Dogs have to be brushed and patted upwards, as in towards the head.

Pomeranian Size

This dog breed is different to most, as the female is required to be a little bigger than the male counterpart. A Pomeranian is a small, compact, dainty dog. The Pomeranian ideally weighs 4 to 5 pounds (1.8 to 2.7 kg) but may weigh 3 to 7 pounds. More facts about Pomeranian size CLICK HERE:

When is a Pomeranian Fully Grown?

A Pom dog is regarded as an adult or full grown Pomeranian once he’s one year old. The bigger breeds hit this mark around the age of two years. For full details on when is a Pomeranian fully grown CLICK HERE:

Why Do Pomeranians Spin?

Pomeranians spin a lot. This habit is a Pomeranian breed trait and some Pomeranian owners refer to this habit as the Pomeranian Pirouette. Pomeranians usually spin when they are happy and excited. More Pomeranian spinning facts.

What Pomeranians Like To Do?

Number one on a Pom’s list of the greatest things in life is just spending time with their human. Other things Pomeranian’s love include, playing with toys, cuddling up in their human’s bed, going for walks and enjoying life.

Do Pomeranians Like To Cuddle?

Most Pom dogs delight in spending time cuddling and snuggling up with their people.

Are Pomeranians Good Pets?

Pomeranians are excellent pet dogs. They are extremely smart and thrive on challenges. Pomeranians can do well in many dog sports. Pomeranians really love playing and also cuddling up once they’re worn out. Due to their small size they are perfect dogs for seniors.

Pomeranians and Children

Are Pomeranians good with kids? Are Pomeranians good with babies? Are Pomeranians good family dogs? Pomeranians make wonderful pets for families with older children. Young Pom puppies are small and fragile, so are not suited to families with very young children. An older Pomeranian puppy is a better choice for families with small children.

Pomeranians and children
Pomeranians and children

Read more about Pomeranians and Children here:

Are Pomeranians Good Apartment Dogs?

Apartment residents definitely need to select a smaller sized breed of dog. A small dog doesn’t require tremendous amounts of area to run around and play and a Pomeranian is an ideal dog for such situations.

Can Pomeranians Live Outside?

No. Due to their small size Pomeranians are indoor dogs and are usually best suited to living in the home with short play times in the backyard or a quick walk to the park. For more Pomeranians outdoors facts CLICK HERE:

Are Pomeranians Good With Cats?

Cats and Pomeranians dogs bond and usually become best friends. Older cats suddenly having a young Pom puppy added to their household may decide the newcomer is not welcome. It is advisable to add a kitten or younger cat into a Pomeranian home. A younger cat will bond with other family pets. Read more about Pomeranian and cats here:

Do Pomeranians Bark A Lot?

All dogs bark, and small dogs have a bad reputation for being barkers.  Pomeranian dog barking can be an issue if owners allow bad behaviour and do not train their Pomeranian dog. Learn more about Pomeranian barking and training your Pomeranian to not bark here:

Are Pomeranians Hard to Take Care Of?

This dog breed is a little harder than a smooth coated dog, as the double coat requires grooming on a regular basis.

How Smart are Pomeranians?

Pomeranians are extremely intelligent, smart little dogs.

Are Pomeranians Hard to Train?

Pomeranians are very smart and they love learning. Owners must be consistent as some Pom puppies often have a mind of their own. To learn more about Pomeranian training CLICK HERE:

Do Pomeranians Shed?

Yes Pomeranians do shed and there are 3 types of Pomeranian shedding. To learn more about Pomeranian shedding CLICK HERE:

Should Pomeranians be Shaved?

Can you shave Pomeranians? Shaving or clipping a pom dog is not recommended as the coat may not grow back. Read all about the dangers for shaved Pomeranians.

Hair Loss in Pomeranians

Learn all about hair loss in Pomeranians, the causes and treatment of Pomeranian Alopecia here:

Life Span for Pomeranians

The average Pomeranian lifespan is about 12 years, but it’s not unusual for some to live a happy life well into their mid to late teens. Keeping your Pom trim and active will help prevent many health problems and enable him to lead a happy life into the mid-teens.

Pomeranians and other smaller breeds tend to live longer than bigger dogs. Read more about the life expectancy of a Pomeranian HERE.

Queen Charlotte and a Pomeranian Dog
Queen Charlotte and a Pomeranian Dog

Famous Pomeranian Dog Owners

As a Pomeranian lover, you’re in extremely good company. Over the years, many famous people have fallen under the spell of this delightful little dog.

Past and Present Pomeranian Owners Include:

Queen Charlotte:, King George III’s wife, (1744-1818) had white Pomeranians Phoebe and Mercury.

Queen Victoria: (1819-1901) Bred and exhibited Pomeranians. On holiday, she purchased four Pomeranians from Italy, the most famous being a little sable dog called Marco. Other Royal Pomeranians included Gina, Fluffy, Nino, Mino, Beppo, Gilda, Lulu and Turi. Queen Victoria housed up to 35 Pomeranians in the royal kennels.

Marie Antoinette: Queen of France (1755 -1793).

Josephine Beauharnais: Empress of France (1763-1814).

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Classical Music Composer (1756-1791) owned a Pomeranian called Pimperl. Mozart wrote an aria dedicated to his Pom.

Gainsborough: A painter (1727-1788).

Carl Friedrich Abel: Composer. (1725-87). Gainsborough painted his Pomeranian.

Martin Luther: (1483 –1546) German monk, theologian, church reformer owned a Pom called Belferlein.

Charles Darwin: Owned a Pomeranian who was named Snow.

Michelangelo Di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni: (1475 –1564). Michelango’s Pom was said to have sat on a satin pillow watching him paint the Sistine Chapel.

Chopin and a Pomeranian 1847
Chopin and a Pomeranian 1847

Sir Isaac Newton, mathematician and physicist (1642-1727) owned a Pom called Diamond.  Diamond would chew his manuscripts.

Frédéric Chopin Composer. (1810 –1849). Chopins “Valse des Petits Cheins” was inspired by his girlfriend’s Pomeranian.

Emile Zola: French novelist and critic (1840 –1902).

Harry Houdini: had a Pom called Charlie.

More Recent Famous Pomeranian Owners:

Jean Harlow: had a Pomeranian.

Kimora Lee Simmons: had two Pom Suki & Simba.

Sasha Cohen: ( Ice Skater) owned the Pom Mocha.

Elvis Presley: bought a Pom called Sweet Pea for his mother Gladys. After Gladys’ death Sweet Pea came to live with Elvis.

Fran Drescher: owned a Pom called Chester who appeared in the show “The Nanny”. After Chester’s passing Fran purchased another Pomeranian called Ester.

Queen Victoria and her Pomeranian
Queen Victoria and her Pomeranian

Kate Hudson: is the proud owner of Clara Bow.

Paris Hilton: has 3 Poms called Marilyn Monroe, Prince and Kimchi.

Nicole Richie: Foxy Cleopatra.

Tammy Wynette: Killer.

Britney Spears: Isabelle and Izzy

Rhianna: Marley.

Sharon Osbourne:  Minnie, Mr Chips and Pipi.

David Hasselhoff: Jenny & Killer.

Jeff Hanneman: a chocolate Pom called Scoolu.

Humberto Gonzalez: Cosmo

Princess Ileana of Romania and her Pomeranian
Princess Ileana of Romania and her Pomeranian

Nick Cave’s: parents owned a Pom called Marco Polo.

Pauline Rubio: Miranda.

Maria Sharapova: Dolce.

Brittany Taylor: Bandit.

London Tipton: Ivanna.

Holly Madison: Harlow and Panda.

Hilary Duff: Minnie and Macy.

Haylie Duff: Bentlil.

Chanelle Hayes:  Crumpet.

Patrick Stump: Penny.

Victoria Asher: Gizmo.

Geri Halliwell: Daddy.

Dee Winfield: Chauncey.

LeAnn Rimes: Joey and Raven.

Cindy Williams: Phoebe.

Daishi Kajinaga: Momo.

Irene Handle : Fluffy.

Marian Kennedy with her Pomeranian dog at the first specialty show held by the American Pomeranian Club
Marian Kennedy with her Pomeranian dog at the first specialty show held by the American Pomeranian Club

Jessica Alba:  Lucky.

Liza Minnelli:  Austin Powers.

Samantha Mumba:  Foxy.

Goldie Hawn:  Clara.

Courtney Love:  Princess Paps.

Bill Cosby:  Luther.

Keanu Reeves : Fluffy.

Cynthia Bailey:  Bai Lei.

Gavin Rossdale:  Chewy.

More Famous Pomeranian owners include:

Sandra Bullock, Alec Baldwin, Bethenny Frankel, Perez Hilton, Cesar Milan, Jeff Lewis, Gerard Butler, Niecey Nash, Mario Lopez, Betty White, Brad Goreski, Barry Bonds, Brandi Glanville, Cee Lo, Drake, Kathy Hilton, Lisa Rinna, Slash, Miss Universe Olivia Culpo, Jenni Pulos, Dolph Lundgren, Tony Bennett, Sylvester Stallone, P. Diddy and Kim Porter, Eva Longoria, Frank Watkins, Rudi Johnson, Lisa Vanderpump and Matt Light. If we have missed a celebrity Pomeranian owner please drop us a line with any information.

Movies and Television Shows Featuring a Pomeranian Dog

The most famous Pomeranian dog in his own right is BOO. Boo the Pomeranian has well over 16 million Facebook fans, 2 published books and a huge range of Boo collectables available. 8 year old Boo at is often referred to as the World’s Cutest Dog the cutest Pomeranian in the world. Boo resides in San Francisco.


Beatrix Potter wrote about a black Pomeranian named Duchess in The Pie and the Patty Pan.

My Trip by Bunty. An Australian book written about the adventures of a Pomeranian dog who was called Bunty Rogers. This book was written and illustrated by Hunter Rogers in 1964.


Pomeranian Dogs Appeared In The Following Movies:
  • Candy paint – 2005.
  • Killer Bud 2000.
  • Quigley 2003.
  • To Die For 1994.
  • Dumb and Dumber – 1994.
  • Harlem Nights- 1989.
  • Cadillac Man- 1990.
  • Fran Dreshler’s Pomeranian Chester has a starring role in this movie.
  • Superman Returns – 2006. Two Pomeranians appear in this movie.
  • Screwed – 2000. Enemy of the State – 1998. A white Pomeranian appears in this movie with Will Smith.
  • Blade: trinity – 2004.
  • Lady and the Tramp 11: Scamp’s Adventure- 2001.
  • Titanic – 1997.
  • Hounded – 2001.
  • Chasing Papa.
  • Adventure of Bailey: A Night in Cowtown – Jiff the Pomeranian had a starring role in this movie.
  • The Secret Life of Pets – One of the main characters is a white Pom female.
Pomeranians appearing in The Real Housewives of Melbourne
Pomeranians appearing in The Real Housewives of Melbourne


  • That’s So Raven.
  • The Suite Life of Zack and Cody.
  • Excel Saga.
  • The Nanny.
  • The Osbournes.
  • Heroes.
  • The Simple Life.
  • X-Files.
  • Heroes – A Pomeranian called Lestat , who played the character Mr. Muggles in the show. Las Vegas – Lestat appeared in this show.
  • The Real Housewives of Beverley Hills. The Real Housewives of Melbourne. Gamble is the proud owner of two Pomeranians, who appear in the show.
  • Underbelly.

Pomeranians Have Appeared in Many Commercials

If we have missed any Pomeranian in this article please drop us a line with any information.

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References and Further Reading:
[1] Official Standard of the Pomeranian (AKC). American Kennel Club, 2011.
[2] Official English Kennel Club Pomeranian Breed Standard , 2017.
[3] Kimbering Pomeranians “1891-1991”.
[4] Denise Leo, The Pomeranian Handbook.

The Pomeranian Handbook

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