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Pomeranian Blocked Rectal Glands

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If your Pomeranian has impacted rectal glands, he may scoot his butt along the ground to try and empty them. Some dogs chase their tails and others lick that area. 

Some animals just feel uncomfortable, shiver, find it hard to walk, keep their tail down and can hide. In some cases, they refer the feeling to their ears and shake and scratch the ears as if they had an ear infection.

Preventing Pomeranian Rectal Gland Problems

The most important thing to do is improve your Pom’s diet. Include more roughage to the diet. Pumpkin and other vegetables are an excellent additive to most Pomeranian dog dinners.  Seriously consider changing to a raw food or home cooked diet.  Add any of the suggest fiber supplements to his meals.

Fiber Supplements for Pomeranian Dogs

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How to Empty your Pomeranian’s Blocked Rectal Glands

You can be kind and empty your dog’s rectal sacs. Use a tissue or rag and squeeze both sides of the sacs. If the resulting secretions are pasty, then this method isn’t enough to completely empty the sacs.

Another method is to wear rubber gloves and hold the back end of your dog under the tap with warm running water and squeeze both side of the rectal area until the sacs are empty and clean.

Pomeranian dog
Pomeranian dog

More Than You Ever Wanted To Know About Rectal Sacs

Rectal sacs (also called “rectal glands”) are the two smallish glands that sit inside your dog’s bottom. The substance that’s excreted into these sacs can only be described as smelling vile. They’re oily, thick and stinky and have a distinct “fishy” smell.

Most wild animals can voluntarily empty the sacs in self-defence or for scent marking. However, domesticated animals such as dogs no longer have this ability. Normal defecation and walking around are the two ways the sacs get emptied but there are times when animals can’t get them empty and they get impacted and very uncomfortable.

What if your Pomeranian Continues Scooting his Butt?

If scooting continues for a few days after you have cleaned him out, you need to check him again. In some cases, it can take a couple of turns at helping empty his sacs. If he keeps scooting but his sacs are empty, other problems may exist such as tapeworms, itchy skin or lower back pain. You’ll need to consult your vet and get him checked out.

What Happens if you Can’t Empty an Impacted Rectal Gland Sac?

An abscess may form and it can rupture through the dog’s skin. It’s messy, painful and smelly and is sometimes misdiagnosed as rectal bleeding. If your Pomeranian has an abscess, get him to the vet urgently as antibiotics will be necessary as well as treatment for the abscess.

How Often Do Rectal Sacs Need to be Emptied?

Pomeranian dog
Pomeranian dog

It’s impossible to say because animals are different. Your dog will let you know if his sacs are full. If you see him scooting, it’s time to help empty them again.

What if it seems like my Pom’s Sacs Need to be Emptied Often?

Having the vet empty them all the time can prove costly so get him to teach you how to do it properly yourself. It depends on whether you’re more comfortable doing it or paying the vet to do so. The latter is the more common choice. You can also change his diet to a high-fibre diet that creates bulkier stools that help emptying the rectal sacs as the food passes by them.

Rectal Sacculectomy

If the sacs need emptying every few weeks, you may decide to have them surgically removed. This procedure isn’t straightforward because there are lots of nerves in that area that control continence and any change to the muscles can affect faecal continence. Also, if your dog has chronic sac problems, his anatomy will be a bit distorted. If the gland isn’t fully removed, draining tracts may form.

However, even with the complications, it’s still regarded as a fairly minor procedure by experienced veterinary surgeons. Lots of owners will never even be aware of rectal sacs if no problems happen.

There’s a myth that worms can also cause scooting. This is definitely a fallacy.

If you ever have questions about the health of your dog, talk to the vet because he knows all about animals.

Note that this article is for information purposes only, and is not intended to replace the advice of your veterinarian.

Copyright Pomeranian.Org. All Rights Reserved.

p>References and Further Reading:
[1] Denise Leo “The Pomeranian Handbook

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