Pomeranian Fronts

Pomeranian Fronts

Illustrating correct and incorrect front construction and movement in the Pomeranian

High stepping, paddling in the front and high kicking rear legs are incorrect. Single tracking, very close or weaving front or back movement usually indicates lack of body and is incorrect. Sorry the complete article is only available to our Premium members. Please join us now.

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Pomeranian’s Estrous Cycle

Pomeranian’s Estrous Cycle

pomeranianIf your Pomeranian is a female who has not been desexed, you’ll need to learn facts about the heat cycle. Pomeranians do have a bloody discharge. Although the discharge isn’t as pronounced compared to bigger breeds, there will also be some physical and behavioural changes due to fluctuating hormones.

First Heat.

You want your pet spayed before her initial cycle as this could happen as early as five months of age. However, the normal range for a first heat is between six – nine months. In rarer cases, she may be late in blossoming and can be one year old plus before it happens.

Sometimes your Pom exhibits signs before her cycle. These signs can happen from one day to one week prior to the heat kicking in. If you have no idea what to look for, it’s easy to miss them:

• A full or slightly swollen vulva.
• Enlarged mammary glands.
• You would be likely to know your Pom has a flat, pink belly. However, when she’s in heat, teats may swell and appear darker coloured.

Full heat.

Once your Pom is completely in heat, the signs are very obvious:

• A vulva can swell up to three times its regular size.
• Teats are clearly visible.
• A pale pink discharge at the start of the heat. As the cycle progresses this discharge darkens to a deep red colour and then the colour of the discharge lightens and her vulva will appear very swollen. This is usually where the Pom’s ability to be impregnated is at its highest point. When her bleeding has ceased, she can still remain in heat for up to a week so you need to take precautions to avoid a pregnancy that’s not planned.

There can be behavioural changes:

• She may start humping because it’s a strong urge and then she’ll hump inanimate objects or other dogs.
• Your Pom may lick all over herself at times. This is known as self-grooming.
• Your dog may demonstrate nesting-type behaviours. This may include: gathering toys and food and other things she finds and putting them away in a safe area.
• Your Pom may crave extra attention or may have the desire to be alone in isolation.

Studies haven’t officially verified that a dog either does or doesn’t feel pain and/or discomfort during this time. However, scientists know that when the uterus lining is shed, it contracts (similar to the way it does in female humans) and so they theorise that there would probably be some degree of discomfort. Apart from nesting, this could be a reason why your Pom in heat wants to rest and be on her own more than usual and is also less playful.

How long does it last?

You can’t say with certainty that dogs go through heat cycles twice annually because the actual cycle length can vary enormously. On average, it will last for three weeks. However, it may last between two and four weeks and still be regarded as normal. The heat cycle occurs between 5.5 and 8 months so it can happen twice or three times per year.

If your Pom’s first cycle is in January and her second one is in July, the next one after that would be the following January if the cycles occurred every six months. That means she has two cycles each year.

When calculating the time between cycles, you start from the first day of the cycle until the first day of the second cycle. pomeranian

Her ability to conceive.

It’s strongly advised to avoid breeding a female younger than two years of age. However, the AKC will accept litters from female Poms that are age 8 months and 12 year.

The vital thing to be aware of is that a female Pom will emit a specific scent that male dogs quickly take notice of…and not only those dogs in close proximity. It’s believed that males who are not neutered will sniff out the female’s unique scent from as far away as 4.82 kms.

Because of this, it’s crucial to protect your female Pom from male dogs. Never have a play date with an un-neutered male dog. You should avoid all dog parks and any other places where male dogs may be found.

Each time your pet urinates, there will be a small amount of blood that’s also excreted and that contains a heavy scent that can linger for longer. Remember this whenever you take your dog outside to attend to her toilet needs.

A male dog could be wandering the area anticipating your dog’s next visit. Never underestimate the urges and desires of a dog who hasn’t been neutered, regardless of size or breed. If you’re outside with your dog and a male approaches, pick her up and take her back into your home or car.

You should have a fenced-in safe, back yard for your dog to play in and be exercised. If she is taken anywhere else, always have her on a leash and harness.

Split heat.

This problem isn’t uncommon and generally it happens to younger Poms or much older dogs. When it does happen, you may think she’s going through her cycle but it will only has 4-5 days and then stop. In 3-4 weeks’ time, she has a full blown heat cycle. It’s rare for the Pom to conceive during the first false heat.

In the majority of cases, if a split heat only happens once or twice, medical intervention isn’t needed. However, if the problem persists, take her to the vet for a full check-up so the vet can rule out hypothyroidism and other conditions.

Red flags – finding lumps during or after the end of a heat cycle.

If you see lumps appear on your Pom’s nipple area during a cycle or after it has finished (in the dog’s mammary area around her teats), it’s a strong indication of the existence of mammary gland hyperplasia. This is where there’s too much growth of mammary epithelial cells. These cells are benign cancers. In breast cancer, the cells are actually malignant.

There’s only one way to decide if the lumps are cancerous or non-cancerous and that’s to operate and remove all lumps so they can be examined. As an example, your Pom may have five lumps removed and tested. One may be malignant and the other four are benign.

50% of tumours in Pomeranians are diagnosed as malignant so it’s critical that you pay attention to any lumps that may appear on your Pomeranian’s nipples at any time, especially after a cycle because that’s when they’re the most obvious.

In an ideal world, you should give your Pom whatever she wants (apart from letting her mate, of course). If she becomes moody and wants to be left alone, then leave her alone.

Many owners love having a doggie bed in a quiet corner of the room where people are active. She’ll be happy that she has human company but she isn’t close enough to be annoyed. If she demonstrates nesting behaviours, let her collect her toys .

Your Pomeranian may have a small amount of discharge and it’s common for owners to put a doggie diaper on their pet. This helps avoid constantly having to clean the furniture, mop the floor and washing the cushions if there’s any blood or discharge.

Spaying.

If you spay your Pomeranian, you’ll stop her cycles from happening. Some people say spaying isn’t wise but there are numerous benefits that literally help your dog live longer. Spaying reduces the risk of ovarian and breast cancers and the sooner you get her spayed, the greater her chances are that cancer won’t occur.

Your Pom shouldn’t be spayed during or soon after her cycle. It needs to happen around the six week mark from the last day of a cycle.

Caring, responsible pet owners will have this procedure done prior to the start of their Pomeranian’s first heat and research has shown that spaying your Pom can possibly stop future health problems from happening.

Menopause.

Dogs don’t stop having their cycles when they become seniors. The length and duration may be lower and longer. If a Pom isn’t spayed, she’ll stay fertile during most of her life.

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Open Fontanel & Pomeranians

Open Fontanel & Pomeranians

NEW POM PUPSAt birth, People and dogs both have a small hole in their skull. This is called an “open fontanel” or commonly referred to as a soft spot. This soft spot in the skull usually closes.

To understand this better, you need to know these facts. The skull of a dog is made up of a couple of plate-like bones. They start separated, small and soft and allow enough flexibility to get the head right through the birth canal.

As the puppy starts to grow, these plates grow around his brain and start to harden. When they meet, they become fused. Four bones meet at the top centre part of his skull, Sorry the complete article is only available to our Premium members. Please join us now.
Every life is precious.

If your puppy has an open fontanel, you need to treat it seriously. Even though he may lead a long, healthy life, it’s best to get an early diagnosis and learn how to protect him as much as possible. If hydrocephalus is also a diagnosis, then you need to catch that early and get your puppy treated to see if his life can be extended safely or not.

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Pomeranian Spay or Neuter Facts

Pomeranian Spay or Neuter Facts

Pomeranian Spay or Neuter FactsThere are many myths about canine reproductive needs. Chiefly among these are the suspicion that neutering turns a male into a sissy and spaying causes a female to get fat and to lament her lost capacity. The truth is that male dogs, especially those with a submissive personality, are usually better pets if they are neutered. They may have less desire to roam, to mark territory (including furniture), and, if neutered before sexual maturity, they may be less likely to exert dominance over family members. They may also be healthier pets: no testicles means no testicular cancer.

A word of caution, neutering a dog reduces production of testosterone but does not eliminate this hormone. Thus a neutered dog, especially if he has a dominant character, may also retain his desire to roam and an assertive or even aggressive personality. Owners who depend on neutering to resolve behaviour problems run a high risk of being disappointed unless they also train the pet to have good manners at home and in public.

Females also tend to be better pets if they do not experience oestrus every six-to-nine months. Heat cycles bring hormonal changes that can lead to personality changes, and oestrus females must be confined to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Repeated heat cycles may subject the reproductive system to uterine and mammary cancers as they age.

Some bitches experience false pregnancies that can be a bother to deal with and uterine infections that can be fatal. While the hormone changes caused by sterilization can contribute to overweight, dogs and bitches do not generally get fat simply as a result of spay or neuter surgery. Like other mammals, they gain weight if they eat too much and exercise too little or are genetically programmed to be hefty. Weight gain that follows sterilization surgery may be linked to those hormone changes but will be aggravated by continuing to feed a high energy diet to a dog that is reducing the need for energy as he reaches his adult size. Excess energy in the food becomes excess fat on the body.

Spaying or Neutering should be performed at  approx. 6 months of age . Ask your veterinarian to check your Pomeranian’s teeth and remove  any retained baby teeth whilst your Pomeranian is in surgery.

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Pomeranian Puppy Development

Pomeranian Puppy Development

 

Stages of Pomeranian Puppy Development

Similar to the ways that humans develop, Pomeranian puppies also have a predictable pattern of steps, although there has never been any official agreement regarding the exact ages a puppy may be when each step is taken. Small dogs like Pomeranians develop quickly, many reaching maturity prior to bigger dog breeds. Although development of puppies is quite predictable, every puppy and breed are unique and differ a little at each stage of their development.

The previous rule that stated that one dog year is the same as seven years for a person is simply not true.  Smaller dogs mature earlier than big dogs and the females are often only 6-7 months of age when experiencing their first heat. Smaller dog breeds like Pomeranians should not be used for breeding under the age of 14-18 months. Numerous changes occur in a puppy’s first year of living. He starts as a relatively helpless neonate, unable to hear, see or go potty on his own. By the end of the first year, he has become fully grown, is agile and a sexually mature dog. When do these steps actually happen?

There are a total of seven acknowledged steps of the puppy’s development: Sorry the complete article is only available to our Premium members. Please join us now. Over time, their youthful exuberance will fade and (provided you did socialising and training properly), the dog will become calmer and behave more predictably with habits that stay the same.

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Your Pomeranian’s Lifespan

Your Pomeranian’s Lifespan

pomeranian dogMost small dogs, such as Pomeranians, generally mature earlier than larger dog breeds. They also tend to have longer lives. On average, a Pomeranian will live 9-16 years, but some can live longer than that. However, there are some things that are deadly and all care must be taken to avoid them.

Major causes of Pomeranian fatalities. Sorry the complete article is only available to our Premium members. Please join us now.
Look after your Pomeranian and he’ll be your faithful, loving companion for many years.

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