Does your Pomeranian have dry itchy skin?

Does your Pomeranian have dry itchy skin?

pomeranian with dry itchy skinIdentifying And Managing Dry Skin Problems

Dry skin is a very annoying problem for you and your beloved canine family members. Because lots of things can cause dry skin, it’s hard enough just diagnosing the right problem, let alone looking at treatment options. If your dog is suffering from flaky, itchy or dry skin, the following information will help you provide relief for your Pomeranian. Why do dogs sometimes have dry skin? If you say it quickly, dry skin doesn’t seem like a big problem. However, it can be viewed as the tip of an iceberg; it’s only when you get beneath the surface that you may discover more serious problems with your dog’s health. Dry skin can be a symptom of other, more severe medical problems including: parasites, allergies, hypothyroidism and Cushing’s disease.

Parasites

Parasites are a possible cause for dry skin. If your Pom’s skin is flaky and dry, it may indicate the presence of various parasites that can each cause separate problems Demodex mites can cause mange. Your pet may have scabies or walking dandruff (its medical name is cheyletiellosis). Your pet may even have lice. The only way to correctly diagnose parasites as the cause of your pet’s dry skin issues is to take him to the vet. There are times when even your vet isn’t sufficiently knowledgeable so he could send you to an animal dermatologist for further examination. This is similar to you getting referred from your GP to a specialist. Neither your GP nor a vet will know everything. Sorry the complete article is only available to our Premium members. Please join us now. Copyright Pomeranian.Org. All Rights Reserved.

Pomeranians and Shedding

Pomeranians and Shedding

pomeranian coat changes Contrary to popular belief Pomeranians don’t shed much fur. Most longhaired dog breeds also don’t shed heaps all the time. The shedding can be easily managed with most long coated breeds because it’s seasonal and, in the case of bitches, hormonal shedding after a season or after weaning a litter of pups. In contrast to Pomeranians and other long-haired dog breeds, smooth coated dogs are heavy shedders and they usually shed coat every day.

pomeranian in full coat

Pomeranian in full coat

There are 3 types of shedding experienced by Pomeranians:

1. The puppy uglies is the name for the period when Poms lose their “baby/puppy” fur and then grow their adult fur.

2. Seasonal shedding is experienced by most adult Pomeranians.

3. Pomeranian females typically go through a total shed after weaning a litter, due to hormonal changes.

Puppy shedding

Your puppy will be age 4 – 6 months when he starts to shed his baby fur. All puppies are different, of course, and the entire process will take around five 5 months before all the puppy fur is gone and he has adult fur. Your puppy’s baby coat gets replaced by an adult double coat; the outer layer is long guard hairs and the inner layer is dense and thick. The colour of your Pom’s fur can significantly change during this period. As an example, a heavily sabled Pomeranian baby may end up with an orange adult coat or a white Pom puppy can go through the puppy shedding stage to end up as a cream coloured Pom.

While the puppy fur is being shed, your pet can look quite funny. This is because, at different times during the process, he’ll have patches of fur that are missing. Don’t be concerned because this is normal and won’t last long. Once your puppy is 10 months old, his adult fur will be really starting to grow. By the time he hits the 12 – 15 month point, his adult coat will have completely taken over. You’ll feel the coat’s differences. A puppy has very soft fur and that will be replaced with a double coat consisting of harsh guard hairs and the soft fluffy undercoat.

Adult Pomeranian Shedding

Some Pomeranians will do a complete shed once again during the 12 – 18 month period. There does appear to be a greater chance of this occurring if your puppy turns 12 months old while it’s summer. After 18 months, your Pomeranian may do light seasonal sheds.

Pomeranian Louise Babbage after dropping coat.

Pomeranian Louise Babbage after dropping coat.

There are several variables that govern when your Pom will shed. The climate you live in and the environment the puppy grows up in are both key factors. Light changes are also a factor and if it’s a major element in your pom’s shedding patterns, then shedding will likely occur twice a year. You can expect most adult Pomeranians to do some seasonal shedding. The seasonal shedding will be a heavier shed with females who haven’t been desexed. They’ll often experience shedding after each season. Adult desexed Poms of both sexes will undergo some light seasonal shedding. During the shedding process, how much fur will your Pom lose? If adults lose too much fur, to the point where there are patches missing, this isn’t regarded as normal, unlike puppies who do have it normally. Adult Poms rarely lose that much fur except if they’re females (as listed in the third shedding option). If patches appear, there’s a medical cause and you must contact your vet urgently. The reasons why this occurs includes: thyroid troubles, allergies, mange and much more. Your vet will do a barrage of tests and examinations to determine the actual cause and then the right treatment can begin.

The third type of Pomeranian shedding is the total shed after an adult female has whelped a litter of babies. Mothers typically do a total shed when the litter is six to eight weeks of age. A time period of at least six months is invariably required following a litter for a Pomeranian mother to return to her former full-coated beauty. Don’t be concerned about your new mother’s complete shed as this is normal owing to hormonal changes.

Removing shed hairs is vital Pomeranian owners should be prepared to brush the coat daily with a pin and slicker brush to remove dead hair during the moulting period. The quicker you remove the dead coat, the faster new hair will grow in its place. Brushing daily will also reduce the need to remove your Pom’s dead coat from your furniture and clothing.

white pomeranian shedding coat

White Pomeranian after a total coat shed.

You need to remember that if a dead coat isn’t removed speedily, it will become matted and that often leads to skin yeast infections and other canine ailments. If a matt occurs, it requires lots of work to extricate it without cutting it off. Coat conditioner can help, if applied, as it helps loosen the matt and the tip of a grooming comb should be ideal to get it out. If it doesn’t happen, you’ll have to cut the fur to prevent the matt from growing in size. The shedding of dog fur is a natural, healthy renewal process.

However, you need to groom your Pomeranian regularly to control the loose coat and avoid having hair spread all around your home

1. The best type of brush to use when your Pom is shedding is a large, soft slicker brush, together with a large dog comb and a good quality pin brush. If you’re able to run a comb through your Pomeranian’s coat without any hair coat coming out, brushing for that session is complete.

2. Plan a schedule for when you will do the grooming. It’s easier to do when you have the task included in the plan for a busy day. Some owners enjoy doing it after dinner, while they relax in front of the TV.

3. If you have nice weather, do it outside if you can. Warm, dry weather is ideal. Doing the grooming outside helps reduce the mess.

4. If your pet has been a member of your family for more than a year and you haven’t tried using a tape lint roller on your carpet, you’ll be amazed at what you’ll find. Regular vacuum cleaners aren’t powerful enough to grab all dog hair. Get a vacuum that’s designed for pet owners and the better models have special filters that can catch allergens that may affect your pet and your human family as well.

5. Don’t forget parts of your Pom’s coat. When he sheds, many owners mainly work on their pets’ backs due to it being the biggest area. However, fur can fall from any part of your pet’s body, and that includes his tail. So, the best way to deal with a heavy shed is to start brushing the underneath area first – e.g. the tummy area, then move to the chest area, hairs on the legs, ruff, pants, tail and then move onto to the back last.

6. Bathe your dog every week and shampoo and condition his fur well. Blow as much dead hair out with a dryer, prior to brushing.

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Dog Shampoos: The Function of Common Ingredients

Dog Shampoos: The Function of Common Ingredients

Lots of shampoos have been designed to care for various skin problems faced by cats and dogs. It may be difficult to understand how the ingredients actually work.
This table will help improve your understanding of why particular ingredients have been added to shampoo. Alongside discussions with your vet, this knowledge will help you choose the best product(s) for your dog’s skin problems.

The following table should help you understand why certain ingredients are included in a shampoo. This information can help you, with consultation from your veterinarian, select the right one for your pet’s skin condition.

INGREDIENTS
COMMENTS
INSECTICIDALS
For treatment and prevention of fleas, ticks
and some types of mange.
Pyrethrin
Pyrethroids such as
permethrin
Don’t use on cats.
ANTISEBORRHEIC
For the prevention and removal of scales and,
in many cases, to also get rid of excess oils.
For seborrhoea oleosa
Characterised by excess oil and scales.
Sulfur
Removes crust and scales and decreases the amount
of scales being produced.
Antifungal & Antibacterial.
Decreases the amount of itchiness.
Best used when combined with the same amount of concentration of salicylic
acid.
Salicylic acid
Removes scale and crust, and reduces scale production.
Decreases the amount of itchiness.
Antibacterial.
Works best when used with an equal concentration of sulfur.
Refined Tar
This is the most powerful ingredient for use in decreasing
the amount of scales being made.
Decreases the amount of itchiness.
Degreases
May be irritating to your pet.
Don’t use on cats.
Selenium sulphide

Removes scale and crust, and reduces scale production
Antifungal & Antibacterial. Degreases
Can irritate mucous membranes and scrotum.
Only use it for severe oiliness or yeast infections.
Needs to stay on for a minimum of 10 minutes for the antifungal properties
to work fully.
Don’t use on cats.

Benzoyl peroxide
Gets rid of crusts and scales.
May dry out your pet’s skin.
Antibacterial properties.
Flushes hair follicles.
Great degreaser.
For seborrhoea sicca
Characterised by dry scales.
Sulfur
Removes crust and removes and reduces the production
of scales.
Antibacterial.
Reduces itching
Is ideal when combined with the same amount of sulfur.
ANTIPRURITIC
To ease itchiness caused by problems such
as atopy and other types of allergies.
Colloidal Oatmeal
Decreases the amount of inflammation.
Hydrocortisone
Minimal side effects as compared to oral Steroids
Aloe vera
Pramoxine Hydrochloride
Topical anaesthetic
Diphenhydramine
Antihistamine that helps reduce inflammation
Menthol
Has a cooling and anaesthetising effect
Sulfur
Removes crust and removes and reduces the production
of scales.
Antifungal & Antibacterial.
Decreases itchiness.
Performs at its best when it’s combined with an equal amount of
salicylic acid.
Salicylic acid
Removes crust and removes and reduces the production
of scales.
Antibacterial.
Reduces itching
Is ideal when combined with the same amount of sulfur.
Cool water rinses
ANTIBACTERIALS
For treatment of bacterial infections such
as pyoderma, folliculitis, and impetigo
Benzoyl Peroxide
Gets rid of crusts and scales.
May dry out your pet’s skin.
Antibacterial.
Terrific degreaser and it flushes out the hair follicles
Chlorhexidine
Higher concentrations may dry out or irritate the
skin of some animals.
Povidone Iodine
Triclosan
Low potency
Ethyl Lactate
Helps flush follicles and helps to degrease
Sulfur
Removes crust and removes and reduces the production
of scales.
Antibacterial & Antifungal.
Reduces itching
Is ideal when combined with the same amount of
salicylic acid
May protect against Staph infections.
ANTIFUNGALS
To treat yeast infections and ringworm
Miconazole 2%
Cheaper than ketoconazole
Chlorhexidine 2-4%
Some activity against yeast and less activity against
ringworm.
Higher concentrations may dry the skin or be irritating in some animals.
Povidone Iodine
Not as effective and may be irritating
Ketoconazole 2%
Very effective
Selenium sulfide 1%

Gets rid of crusts and scales as well as reducing the production of
scale.

Antifungal/Antibacterial. Degreases. May irritate mucous
membranes and scrotum.
It’s better to only use it in cases of severe oiliness or yeast
infections.
Must be left on for a minimum of 10 minutes so its antifungal activities
kick in. Don’t ever use on cats.

EMOLLIENTS
Add oils to skin
Almond Oil
Corn Oil
Cottonseed Oil
Coconut Oil
Olive Oil
Peanut Oil
Persia Oil
Safflower Oil
Sesame Oil
Lanolin
Mineral Oil
Paraffin
EMULSIFIERS
Help distribute emollients
Cetyl Alcohol
Laureth-5
Lecithin
PEG-4 dilaurate
Stearic acid
Stearyl alcohol
HUMECTANTS
Rehydrate skin
Carboxylic Acid
Lactic Acid
Urea
Sodium Lactate
Propylene Glycol
Glycerine
Polyvinylpyrrolidone
SPECIAL FORMULATIONS
Microscopic particles that will have numerous
ingredients that stick to the hair and skin and slowly release their contents
Novosomes®
Release contents over a 7-10 day period.
Spherulites®
Release contents over an 8 day period.
Pomeranian Grooming Video

Pomeranian Grooming Video

Pomeranian Grooming VideoThe Pomeranian Grooming Video will show how you can achieve that immaculate  Best in Show look on your own Pomeranian. Give you and your Pomeranian the winning edge at Dog Shows, or simply to show off your beautiful Pomeranian to your friends and family.

Learn how to easily create the Teddy Bear Pomeranian look for your pet Pomeranian. Just like a professional Pomeranian groomer.

Content include: The Pomeranian Grooming Kit Nail trimming Line brushing your Pomeranian Step by Step Pomeranian trimming. For ease of download this grooming video is now in 4 easy to download parts.

Part 1 includes Preparation.

Part 2: trimming the Pomeranian’s body coat.

Part 3: includes the correct way to trim a Pomeranian’s tail.

Part 4: The correct way to trim a Pomeranian’s feet.

Pomeranian Grooming Video available for instant download NOW. Pomeranian Grooming Booklet available for instant download NOW. The perfect complement to the Pomeranian Grooming Video. Watch a very short clip from the Pomeranian grooming Video.

 

Pomeranian Grooming

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Causes of Hair Loss

Causes of Hair Loss


Pomeranian dog with coat loss Lots of diseases and other medical issues can cause dogs to lose some of their hair. Some reasons may be regarded as “normal,” whilst others may indicate that your pet has a serious disease. Listed in the table below are the majority of ailments that cause dogs to lose hair, even a few that are rare.This comprehensive list enables you to appreciate why a vet may be unable to diagnose a problem quickly and he must perform numerous diagnostic tests. The conditions that are underlined within this table are the most common problems. However, geographic locations may cause some of the results to vary. Sorry the complete article is only available to our Premium members. Please join us now.Copyright Pomeranian.Org. All Rights Reserved.
 
Growing coat on your Pom

Growing coat on your Pom

Pomeranian dog Why Your Pom’s Coat Is Not Healthy

Your first step is to get your vet to check the Pomeranian fully to make sure your dog doesn’t have an underlying disease causing incorrect coat growth. Thyroid, anaemia, etc., are conditions that can instantly be recognised by analysing the dog’s coat.

Stress can affect a dog’s coat. People can’t claim to be the only species who feels stress and our hair reacts accordingly. Some commercial dog foods might contain too much protein for an adult Pomeranian suffering stress owing to a strenuous show campaign.

There is usually a link with good health and proper dietary practices and the condition of a Pomeranian’s coat. Changes in your pom’s coat are mostly the result of disease or lack of the correct nutrients unless your Pomeranian is doing a normal seasonal or hormonal shed. Coat changes normal for your Pomeranian are seasonal moults and pom mothers post weaning pups will do a complete coat drop owing to hormone changes post whelping. Sorry the complete article is only available to our Premium members. Please join us now.

Here are a few more tips to help your Pom’s hair grow:

• Feed your Pomeranian a healthy, varied diet and avoid foods that contain lots of fat or sugar.
• Treat your Pom’s coat like you would treat fine, very old lace. Avoid unnecessary handling, combing or brushing.
• Avoid using hot water, hot settings on a hair dryer and other various hair care gadgets that can stress the hair.
• Regularly trim long coats to avoid having split ends and your dog’s coat will feel and look much healthier as a result.
• Give your dog’s coat a weekly massage with warm oil because this stimulates the hair follicles and helps protect the shafts of the hair.
• DON’T clog up your dog’s follicle pores with oil and other products.

Recommended Products to assist in maintaining healthy Pomeranian coats:

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How to Handle Hair Mats, Knots and Tangles.

How to Handle Hair Mats, Knots and Tangles.

Most Mats Commonly Form:

• Between back legs.
• Behind ears.
• Under the front legs.
• Alongside the back of your dog’s haunches.
• In the groin region.
How do you avoid mats and remove them? Sorry the complete article is only available to our Premium members. Please join us now.

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For more information on grooming your Pomeranian, brushing, brushes to use and how to care for a Pomeranian’s coat download our Pomeranian grooming booklet and Pomeranian grooming video.
pomeranian dog grooming

Oatmeal Shampoo Can Help Relieve Your Pom’s Itchy Skin

Oatmeal Shampoo Can Help Relieve Your Pom’s Itchy Skin

bath pomeranianIf your Pomeranian has itchy skin, you can use oatmeal shampoo to provide relief. This may also help relieve other skin conditions your pom may have. It’s time to learn more about how such shampoos can ease itchiness, as well as other benefits. You’ll also learn the way to make oatmeal shampoo for yourself.

How does oatmeal shampoo ease itchiness?
Oatmeal has been used as a cultivated crop as far back as the Bronze Age. Other civilisations such as the Egyptians, Romans and Greeks also saw the potent benefits of oatmeal as a way to protect the skin and make it more beautiful than ever.

Oatmeal has two forms when used for breakfast cereals. However, the third type is best for skin care and that’s colloidal oatmeal because it is ground into a powder for baths and pastes.

Two chemicals in oatmeal soothe irritated and itchy skin. These are called phenols and avenanthramides. Oatmeal helps balance the skin’s pH levels so it’s also useful for the relief of symptoms of psoriasis and eczema.

How Oatmeal Shampoo Helps Canine Skin Problems.
Oatmeal shampoo provides a range of benefits to dogs if they have skin issues. It can sooth and moisturise itchy skin. It helps ease allergy symptoms, hot spots, dry skin and tick and flea problems. This shampoo also acts as a coat cleaner and softener.

What Ingredients should an Oatmeal Shampoo contain?
When shopping for oatmeal shampoo, always read the labels thoroughly. You want to see ingredients that will help give your dog relief. Good ingredients include: tea tree oil, vitamin E and aloe. Avoid low quality ingredients. If you have doubts about what to buy, go for something that’s hypoallergenic or says it’s ideal for dogs whose skin is sensitive.


How You Make and Use Oatmeal Shampoo.
You can choose to make your own oatmeal shampoo with a few common household ingredients.
1. Grind a cup of oatmeal into powder with a food processor, coffee grinder or blender.
Combine with a quart of warm water and a cup of baking soda.
Blend until the ingredients are well mixed and then apply that mixture to your dog’s coat after making it as wet as possible.
Leave it on your pet for a minimum of 5 minutes and then thoroughly rinse off and towel dry.

2. If you prefer, you can add a cup of the ground oatmeal to a quart of warm water.
Stir the water as the oatmeal slowly mixes in and then place your dog into the tub and let him soak for around 15 minutes.
Massage the mixture deep into the coat so his skin gets the same attention as the coat.
Rinse your pom with warm water and towel dry.
Do this twice a week until you can see the improvements in your dog’s skin and coat.

3. You may elect to create an oatmeal shampoo that’s dry and can be applied to your pom’s fur.
Mix 1 cup of bran and 1 cup of oatmeal and spread the mix on a baking sheet.
Warm the sheet in an oven for 5 minutes at 200 degrees and then use a warm towel and slowly apply it to your dog’s coat.
Once finished, spend time fully brushing it all out of his coat.

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For more information on grooming your Pomeranian, brushing, brushes to use and how to care for a Pomeranian’s coat download our Pomeranian grooming booklet and Pomeranian grooming video.
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