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How To Know If Your Dog is a Purebred Pomeranian

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Last Updated on 29/11/2023 by Dochlaggie. Post first published on January 20, 2023.

How can you tell if your Pomeranian is a purebred dog? It’s not always easy to know, but some things can always be checked.

Unless your breeder provided Kennel Club registration papers, it is not always easy to tell if your dog is a purebred Pomeranian. The best way to know for sure is by looking at the dog’s official pedigree or doing DNA genetic testing if the correct paperwork is unavailable.

All dogs are lovely, pure breeds and crossbreeds. Sure, you might have heard of exceptions, but for the most part, it’s true.

If you buy a pup advertised as a Pomeranian, certain rights come with the purchase. You deserve to receive what was advertised. You deserve to receive what you paid for, and that’s a Pomeranian.

Unfortunately, for some purchasers, as time goes by if the new puppy does not resemble the tiny and adorable short-backed double-coated type dog desired. Questions may need to be asked.

This article will teach you to determine if your pup might be a fluffy and adorable purebred Pomeranian.

Fake or Pure Pomeranian
Fake or Pure Pomeranian

How Can You Tell If a Dog is Pure Pomeranian?

We have all seen advertisements for pure Pomeranian puppies but without papers. How can you tell if the Pomeranian you’re about to buy or the Pom you already own is genuinely a purebred Pomeranian?

There are several ways to determine whether this is the case. If you purchase your Pomeranian puppy from a preservation show Pomeranian breeder, you’ll be given Kennel Club pedigree papers that guarantee your new puppy is a full-breed Pomeranian.

The Pomeranian lineage is displayed in this pedigree, and your new puppy will be a guaranteed pedigree Pomeranian. 

There are a few reasons why pure Pomeranian puppies may not be registered. One widespread scam is to tell potential buyers that the puppy’s parents have the correct American Kennel Club paperwork.

However, what does “the paperwork” actually cover?

  • Do the papers state that the puppy is microchipped?
  • Does this mean Kennel Club paperwork?
  • Or perhaps it’s to do with council registration?

Have you seen these documents? Many people get Pomeranians through adoption, taking the dog from a friend or relative, or other sources where paperwork wasn’t supplied.

If you’re in this situation, you should read the Kennel Club breeding standards for Pomeranians. Then carefully examine the dog to check if he does meet the rigid standards required. However, this doesn’t prove he’s a purebred Pomeranian.

How to tell if a dog is purebred without papers? Rescue organizations frequently will advertise dogs as crossbred when they’re obviously a full breed Pomeranian.

The reason is that if Kennel Club paperwork isn’t available, that dog is regarded as crossbred. Without official Kennel Club paperwork, a dog cannot be regarded as a pure-blood real Pomeranian.

Purebred Pomeranian Or Not?
Purebred Pomeranian Or Not?

How to Find Out if My Dog is Purebred Pomeranian or Not?

How to prove a dog is purebred without papers? DNA testing is one easy way to determine whether your Pom dog is a true full-breed Pomeranian. This is the only way to prove the breeding without the necessary paperwork.

This type of testing has become extremely advanced in recent years. Many kennel clubs won’t register a dog unless a DNA test has been carried out.

It’s not complicated or expensive to do. Numerous companies can do this DNA testing, and more are constantly rising.

The most common test is to do a mouth saliva swab. The sample is sent off for analysis, and the results will come back 2 to 4 weeks later. Most vets can do this test for you.

DNA testing can determine if the dog is purebred. If his origins aren’t known, the test can usually reveal the breeds of the dog’s parents.

Do research before choosing a testing company, as pricing and accuracy rates can vary. If both parents are purebreds, it’s easier to identify a dog’s parents.

Your vet can arrange for the test to be done. He’ll take the samples and send them away. Once they come back, he can tell you the answers to your questions.

How to Find Out What My Pomeranian is Mixed With?

A DNA test may reveal other dog breeds in your dog’s DNA. Here in Australia, the DNA companies struggle with the Pomeranian DNA and the Spitz dog. Determining if you own a pure Pomeranian or a fake Pomeranian dog is relatively easy.

Fake or Pure Pomeranian
Fake or Pure Pomeranian

How Do I Know if My Dog is Pedigree Purebred Pomeranian?

The term “pedigree dog” is very confusing to everyone. People seem to think the term “pedigree” means Kennel Club registered. This is not so.

Let me explain further; everyone has a pedigree. We all have parents, grandparents, great-grandparents, etc. This is our pedigree. At the bottom of this page, I have included a Pomeranian pedigree. 

Obtain an extended birth certificate for yourself. The extended birth certificate should list your ancestors, this is your pedigree. All animals, including dogs and all Pomeranians, have a pedigree.

We all have parents, grandparents, and great-grandparents. Many Kennel Clubs require DNA testing results to be submitted together with applications to register Pomeranian litters.

Anyone can state their dog has a pedigree, or any other dog has a pedigree for that matter, and they are not wrong. We all, including our dogs, have ancestors.

This extremely confusing custom of calling a purebred dog a pedigree dog goes back to when ownership of purebred dogs was regarded as a status symbol.

During the early years of the sport of purebred dogs, this hobby was often reserved for the very rich and famous.

Purebred Pomeranian Or Not?
Purebred Pomeranian Or Not?

What Is the Difference Between Purebred and Mixed Pomeranians?

It isn’t easy to know if your Pomeranian is a purebred or a mixed dog without doing genetic testing. There are variations within the breed, making it hard for you to determine what type of mix they might have by looking at them alone, but there may still be some traits that identify their heritage quite easily.

A full-breed Pomeranian is a specific type of dog. In contrast to mixed breeds, purebreds have been bred for specific characteristics and look similar from generation to generation.

Mixed-breed dogs can be any mix between two breeds and will often bear little resemblance to either dog breed, but they still possess identifiable traits that make them recognizable as such.

The appearance of a hybrid can vary from litter to litter, and sometimes there will be a wide variety between puppies in the same litter. This means that you may not know what your cross-breed puppy’s personality will be.

The reasons for preferring a purebred dog can vary, but it usually boils down to personal preference. For some people, the biggest reason they choose purebred over mixed breed dogs is that they know what kind of puppy you are buying vs. mixed breed dogs that may have different dispositions and traits from other mixes in their lineage.

Responsible breeders will have had all their breeding dogs, and the puppy’s parent health tested. These good breeders will be involved in their national breed club and involve themselves and their dogs in dog sports.

The Pomeranian is an extremely popular dog breed with its supporters and opponents. There are standard-sized dogs that come from preservation breeders versus larger spitz types that usually originate from puppy mills or backyard breeders.

Fake or Pure Pomeranian
Fake or Pure Pomeranian

How to Get Papers for a Dog Without Papers?

Can you obtain an official kennel club pedigree for your dog, or can I register my dog without papers with the kennel club? The answer is no.

If you have a dog without papers, obtaining documents for your puppy can be a daunting, if not impossible, task. However, sometimes you might get lucky, and there are ways to get the necessary paperwork. Here’s how to get papers for a dog without documents:

  1. Visit your local animal shelter or humane society to find out if they have any records of your pet’s background.
  2. Contact your local government agency or veterinary clinic to see if they have any records that may provide information about your pet’s background and history.
  3. Try searching online for lost dog databases, such as the American Kennel Club’s Missing Pet Network, which can help reunite owners with their pets and provide the necessary paperwork.
  4. Look for breed rescue organizations that specialize in finding homes for purebred dogs. They can provide proof of pedigree and registration papers if they are available.
  5. Check with pet stores or breeders who may have records on the type of dog you own and information about its parents and ancestors.
  6. Contact your local animal shelter or animal control office to see if they have any records that can help you prove the breed and age of your pet.
  7. Request DNA testing from companies such as Embark, which can provide genetic analysis of your dog’s background, including parentage and ancestry information.

How to Check Pure Breed Pomeranian Conclusion

The only way to be 100% sure of a full-breed Pomeranian is to purchase from preservation, show Pomeranian breeder.

This Pomeranian puppy will come complete with Kennel Club paperwork and in most cases DNA testing already completed.

To know if your dog is a purebred Pomeranian, you must know the parents’ breeds. Pedigree papers and DNA testing will help confirm that the pup is a pure breed.

how do i know if my dog is purebred
How Do I Know If My Dog is Purebred?

How Do I Know If My Dog is Purebred Conclusion

Please get in touch with your breeder if you have any questions or concerns about whether your dog might be mixed with another type of canine.

Copyright Pomeranian.Org. All Rights Reserved.

References and Further Reading:
[1] Denise Leo “The Pomeranian Handbook.”
[2] Official Standard of the Pomeranian (AKC). American Kennel Club, 2011.
[3] Official English Kennel Club Pomeranian Breed Standard, 2017.

Purebred Pomeranian Or Not?
Purebred Pomeranian Or Not?
Example of a Kennel Club Pedigree for Pure Pomeranian
Example of a Kennel Club Pedigree for Pomeranian.

The Pomeranian HandBook by Denise Leo

Full Breed Pomeranian Or Not? All the dogs appear to be PUREBRED Pomeranians. While all are beautiful dogs, there is a huge difference in the appearance of Pomeranians bred for SHOW to those bred for CASH.
Full Breed Pomeranian Or Not? All the dogs appear to be PUREBRED Pomeranians. While all are beautiful dogs, there is a huge difference in the appearance of Pomeranians bred for SHOW to those bred for CASH.


Denise Leo

Pomeranians are my passion, and I have shared my life with these darling little dogs for many decades. The creator and face behind this website is published author and Pomeranian breed authority Denise Leo of Dochlaggie Pomeranians.

Denise Leo
Denise Leo