Skip to Content

What Does a Pomeranian Look Like?

Sharing is caring!

This article will answer in detail the question, what does a Pomeranian look like?

The Pomeranian is a toy dog that weighs between 3 and 7 lbs. It has a fox-like face with erect ears. It has a thick, fluffy coat that comes in various colors, including white, brown, orange, and black. This small dog usually measures 8 to 11 inches tall at the shoulder when fully grown. The tail is covered in long hair and is carried over its back.

If you want to be a Pomeranian owner, here are some things that you should know about this breed. The first thing is the size and weight of these dogs. They’re small and usually weigh less than 7 pounds when fully grown.

Pomeranians can live in apartments or other smaller homes with ease as long as their family provides them with plenty of exercise outside on walks, which we recommend at least 1 for 30 minutes per day if possible.

These active little fellows also need grooming regularly (like once every two weeks) so make sure your home has enough space for all those tools like hair dryers, combs, brushes, etc.

Luckily this breed does not shed much so you don’t need to worry about pet hair getting everywhere!

In order to truly understand the purebred Pomeranian dog, we need to know where they come from.

What Does a Pomeranian Look Like?
What Does a Pomeranian Look Like?

Pomeranian Dog Breed History

The Pomeranian originated in the Arctic region. While a Pom is a small dog, its history is long. The ancestors of the Pomeranian were well-suited to survive in freezing cold habitats.

Their ancestors were bred for work and evolved to adapt to living in extremely cold climates. Today’s Pomeranians are bred and built to be loved and adored, but should still retain the features of their ancestors.

The term form follows function also applies to the Pomeranian Dog. In order for the ancestors of the modern Pomeranian to survive in their habitat, which was northern Europe, these early spitz dogs had evolved with certain features which enabled their survival in minus 35-degree temperatures.

What Does a Pomeranian Look Like?

Let us have a close look at what does a Pomeranian looks like. The Pomeranian looks are explained with drawings and pictures.  The purebred Pomeranian is a Spitz breed that developed characteristics necessary for survival in the harsh arctic climate.

Pomeranian Dog Breed Information
Pomeranian Dog Breed Information
Points of Pomeranian Dog
Points of Pomeranian Dog

General Appearance:

The Pomeranian is a small, compact, dainty dog. He displays great glamour with his crowning glory- a dense, double coat, made up of long, harsh, standoff guard hairs and a soft woolly undercoat. A Pomeranian has a short-coupled solid body, fine-boned, short neck, neat and compact cat-like feet. The Pomeranian should move soundly with grace and style.

Why do Pomeranians Have a Dense Double Coat?

Pomeranians have a dense double coat for protection from the elements. It helps protect their body and keeps it warm in cold environments, or cool when they’re out during hot weather conditions.

The Pomeranian’s outer coat is straight and puffy. It’s held off his body by the dense, soft, fluffy undercoat and acts as insulation in extremely cold and warm weather. The Pomeranian has short hair on the face.

What Colors Do Pomeranians Come In?

The Pomeranian comes in a range of colors. They can be born black, brown, or cream. However, the most common color is orange.

Pomeranian puppy dog colors include Beaver, Black, Blue, Brown or Chocolate Pomeranians, Cream, Lavender, Orange, Red, Sable Pomeranians, White, Black and Tan, Brown and Tan, Blue and Tan, Brindle, Parti colors, and Merle Pomeranians

Average Weight Pomeranian:

How big do pomeranian dogs get? The Pomeranian ideally weighs 4 to 5 pounds (1.8 to 2.5 kg) but may weigh 3 to 7 pounds. The female Pomeranian is preferred to be a little larger than the male Pomeranian dog.

At What Age Do Pomeranians Stop Growing?

Pomeranian puppies will usually stop growing around their first birthday. However, they can continue to grow for another 6 months.

A Pom dog is officially classed as a Pomeranian adult at 12 months of age. Some Pomeranians are finished growing at 1 year, whilst other Pom dogs may not be Pomeranian adult size until about 18 months.

Pomeranian Head:

Pomeranian Head
Pomeranian Head

This Pomeranian Head is full of character. Its eyes are bright and expressive. A correct-shaped Pomeranian head is an essential part of the breed.

A correct Pomeranian head should be wide behind the jaw and come gradually to a fine muzzle. A lengthy muzzle results in the loss of the essential wedge and the Pomeranian will have a shepherd-like look.  If the jaw is far too short, the Pomeranian will possess a muzzle much like a Chihuahua.

The skull should not be round domed in shape. Pomeranians with abundant head coat may often give the illusion of having a rounder-shaped head than desired. Run your fingers over the Pomeranian’s skull to determine the exact head shape if in doubt. The Pomeranian’s head must have a moderate stop.

Pomeranian Head
Pomeranian Head

As a standard guideline, the tip of the nose to the stop and from the stop to the back of the head will measure 1:2 in the majority of Pomeranians.

Pomeranian Ears:

Pomeranian ears are small and pointy. The ears need to be small and well-positioned (not set too low down). I have never seen a Pomeranian with ears too small, usually, the problem is the ears are either set too wide apart, too large, or both.

Why Do Pomeranians have Small Ears?

The breed standard calls for small ears in the Pomeranian dog. The reason is that Pomeranians originated from parts of the Northern Hemisphere. This part of the world experiences temperatures as low as minus 30 degrees Celsius during the winter months.

Poms have small ears because they need to survive in freezing cold habitats and need low ratios of volume to the surface area. Pomeranian ancestors had to conserve every bit of heat possible while they fought to survive the harsh Arctic winter months.

Pomeranian Eyes:  

Pomeranian eye color should be dark. Pomeranian eyes should be medium-sized and most importantly, almond-shaped. Incorrect eye shape and that important Pomeranian expression is lost. 

Pomeranian Dog Head Types
Pomeranian Dog Head Types
Pomeranian Teeth:

How many teeth do Pomeranians have? Puppies have 28 temporary teeth which start erupting at 3 to 4 weeks of age in most toy breeds. Poms should have 42 permanent teeth by the time they are 6 to 8 months of age. The Pomeranian is required to have a scissor bite with the top incisors slightly in front of the bottom ones.

Pomeranian teeth: incorrect Pomeranian bites
Pomeranian teeth: incorrect Pomeranian bites
Pomeranian teeth
Pomeranian teeth

The Pomeranian Breed Standard on the bite “ Bite – scissors, one tooth out of alignment is acceptable. “ Details on Pomeranian teeth problems and how to how to clean Pomeranian teeth.

Pomeranian Tail:

Pomeranian tail
Pomeranian tail

Pictured above: Examples of Pomeranian dog tails.

Pomeranian Tail
Correct Pomeranian Tail

With the tail being a unique characteristic of the Pomeranian breed. The Pomeranian tail or sometimes called the plume is profusely covered with long, harsh, straight hair and should be carried high and flat over the back. The tail hair spreads out in a fan shape. Buttocks are well behind the root of the tail. If the tail is set high on the end of the backbone, it should not have the feel of a hard bone pressing into the palm of the hand when the palm is placed flat against the tail root.

If the tail root has a twist to the set, the tail will not lie flat but will fall over to one side, no matter how high the set, with the plume. A proper high tail set has no feel of boniness.

Why do Pomeranians Have Tails That Curl Over Their Backs?

The majority of the tails of spitz-type northern dog breeds (e.g. Alaskan Malamute, Husky, Chow Chow) and Pomeranians curl up over their backs. This breed feature helped keep their ancestors’ faces warm when they curled up to try to sleep in the cold climates.

A Low Tail-Set Spoils The Outline Of The Pomeranian

Pom tails should not be curled, nor it should it fall to one side. If the tail is set low, the bone will press into the palm of the hand when the test is made, and the root can be seen to protrude outward and upwards instead of disappearing into a flat plume up the back.
An extremely low tail set will cause the tail to circle upward in a “squirrel” tail. The tail should not be curled, nor should it fall to one side. A low tail set spoils the outline of the Pomeranian.

Pomeranian tails that are tightly curled or even kinked are a fault. Judges can be observed running fingers along with Pomeranian tails during the examination at dog shows.

Pomeranian puppies may inadvertently damage their tail during rough play with other Pomeranian pups, so care must be taken to not allow any rough play with your Pomeranian puppy.

Pomeranian Movement:

Pomeranian Movement
Pomeranian Movement

Pomeranian Fronts:

Correct and Incorrect Fronts and Pomeranian Action:

Illustrating correct and incorrect front construction in the Pomeranian
Pomeranian Fronts

High stepping, paddling in the front and high kicking rear legs are incorrect. Single tracking, very close or weaving front or back movement usually indicates lack of body and is incorrect.

Pomeranian Incorrect Fronts
Pomeranian Incorrect Fronts

Pomeranian Front Movement:

Pomeranian Incorrect Front Movement
Pomeranian Incorrect Front Movement
Pomeranian Front Movement
Pomeranian Front Movement
Pomeranian dog front movement
Pomeranian dog front movement

Pomeranian Hindquarters:

Angulation of the hindquarters must balance front angulation. Viewed from behind, the pom’s legs are straight and parallel to each other. Viewed from the side, his buttocks are well behind the base of the tail. Hocks are perpendicular to the ground.

Pomeranian tail
Pomeranian tail
Pomeranian hindquarters or Pomeranian rears
Pomeranian hindquarters or Pomeranian rears
Pomeranian Hindquarters
Pomeranian Hindquarters

Pomeranian Rear Movement:

Pomeranian Rear Movement
Pomeranian Rear Movement

Pomeranian Feet:


A Pomeranian’s feet must be small, compact, and resemble a cat’s paw with strong and straight pasterns. The feet are well arched, compact and turn neither in nor out. He stands well up on his toes. Long thin feet with spreading toes or down on pasterns are undesirable. When trimmed the feet should look like an extension of the legs with only a small definition.

Why do Pomeranian Paws Resemble Cat’s Paws?

Pomeranian paws needed to be small and compact to enable the ancestors of the present-day Pomeranian easy movement across snow-covered landscapes. A dog with flat feet would have had difficulty moving across the type of lands inhabited by the Pomeranian’s ancestors.

Pomeranian Temperament:

The Pomeranian personality makes this dog a delightful family member. He may now come packaged in an extremely small parcel; however, he has not forgotten his heritage, and Pomeranian behavior characteristics can be similar to that of an enormously large husky dog.

Pomeranians as pets are loyal and devoted. Other Pomeranian traits include loving, mischievous, affectionate, and incredibly energetic.

Conclusion: What Does a Pomeranian Dog Look Like?

I hope this article has helped you determine what does a Pomeranian dog look like and how these dogs differ from other purebred dogs.

The Pomeranian is a toy dog breed that originated in Europe. They are small, fluffy dogs with long fur that needs to be groomed regularly. This breed is also known for its stubborn personality.

If you’re thinking about bringing one of these cute little guys into your home, there are many things you need to know before adopting a Pomeranian puppy. The Pomeranian Headquarters website is here to help you learn more about this breed.

Copyright Pomeranian.org. All Rights Reserved.

References and Further Reading:
Official Standard of the Pomeranian (AKC). American Kennel Club, 2011.
English Kennel Club Pomeranian Breed Standard, 2017.
Denise Leo, The Pomeranian Handbook.

What Does a Pomeranian Look Like?
What Does a Pomeranian Look Like?

For more Pomeranian Information Check Out My Book

The 7 Causes of Pomeranian Coughing Explained
← Previous
How Much Exercise Does a Pomeranian Need?
Next →