Pomeranian Traits And Characteristics
This article will explain in detail Pomeranian information, Pomeranian character traits and Pomeranian characteristics. Their ancestors were bred for work and evolved to adapt to living in extremely cold climates. Today’s Pomeranians are bred and built to be loved and adored, but should still retain the features of their ancestors.
The term form follows function also applies to the Pomeranian Dog. In order for the ancestors of the modern Pomeranian to survive in their habitat, which was northern Europe, these early spitz dogs had evolved with certain features which enabled their survival in minus 35-degree temperatures.
Interesting Facts About Pomeranians
What are Pomeranians Like?
You ask what does a Pomeranian look like? Let us have a close look at what does a Pomeranian looks like. Pomeranian traits explained with drawings and pictures. All your Pomeranian information questions and queries answered :
The Pomeranian personality makes this dog a delightful family member. He may now come packaged in an extremely small parcel; however he has not forgotten his heritage and Pomeranian behaviour characteristics can be similar to that of an enormously large husky dog. Pomeranians as pets are loyal and devoted. Other Pomeranian traits include loving, mischievous, affectionate and incredibly energetic.
The Pomeranian is a small, compact, dainty dog. He displays great glamour with his crowning glory- a dense, double coat, made up of long, harsh, standoff guard hairs and a soft woolly undercoat. A Pomeranian has a short coupled solid body, fine boned, short neck, neat and compact cat-like feet. The Pomeranian should move soundly with grace and style.
Why do Pomeranians Have a Dense Double Coat?
The Pomeranian’s outer coat is straight and puffy. It’s held off his body by the dense, soft, fluffy undercoat and acts as insulation in extreme cold and warm weather. The Pomeranian has short hair on the face.
What Colors Do Pomeranians Come In?
Pomeranian dog colors include: Beaver, Black, Blue, Brown or Chocolate Pomeranians, Cream, Lavender, Orange, Red, Sable Pomeranians, White, Black and Tan, Brown and Tan, Blue and Tan, Brindle, Parti colors and Merle Pomeranians.
Average Weight Pomeranian:
How big do pomeranian dogs get? The Pomeranian ideally weighs 4 to 5 pounds (1.8 to 2.5 kg) but may weigh 3 to 7 pounds. The female Pomeranian is preferred to be a little larger than the male Pomeranian dog.
At What Age Do Pomeranians Stop Growing?
A Pom dog is officially classed as a Pomeranian adult at 12 months of age. Some Pomeranians are finished growing at 1 year, whilst other Pom dogs may not be Pomeranian adult size until about 18 months.
A correct Pomeranian head should be wide behind the jaw and come gradually to a fine muzzle. A lengthy muzzle results in the loss of the essential wedge and the Pomeranian will have a shepherd like look. If the jaw is far too short, the Pomeranian will possess a muzzle much like a Chihuahua.
The skull should not be round domed in shape. Pomeranians with abundant head coat may often give the illusion of having a rounder shaped head than desired. Run your fingers over the Pomeranian’s skull to determine the exact head shape if in doubt. The Pomeranian’s head must have a moderate stop.
As a standard guideline, the tip of the nose to the stop and from the stop to the back of the head will measure 1:2 in the majority of Pomeranians.
Need to be small and well positioned (not set too low down). I have never seen a Pomeranian with ears too small, usually the problem is the ears are either set too wide apart, too large or both.
Why Do Pomeranians have Small Ears?
The breed standard calls for small ears in the Pomeranian dog. The reason is that Pomeranians originated from parts of the Northern Hemisphere. This part of the world experiences temperatures as low as minus 30 degrees Celsius during the winter months.
Poms have small ears because they need to survive in freezing cold habitats and need low ratios of volume to surface area. Pomeranian ancestors had to conserve every bit of heat possible while they fought to survive the harsh Arctic winter months.
Pomeranian eye color should be dark. Pomeranian eyes should be medium sized and most importantly, almond shaped. Incorrect eye shape and that important Pomeranian expression is lost.
How many teeth do Pomeranians have? Puppies have 28 temporary teeth which start erupting at 3 to 4 weeks of age in most toy breeds. Poms should have 42 permanent teeth by the time they are 6 to 8 months of age. The Pomeranian is required to have a scissor bite with the top incisors slightly in front of the bottom ones.
Pictured above: Examples of Pomeranian dog tails.
With the tail being an unique characteristic of the Pomeranian breed. The Pomeranian tail or as sometimes called the plume is profusely covered with long, harsh, straight hair and should be carried high and flat over the back. The tail hair spreads out in a fan shape. Buttocks are well behind the root of the tail. If the tail is set high on the end of the backbone, it should not have the feel of a hard bone pressing into the palm of the hand when the palm is placed flat aganst the tail root.
If the tail root has a twist to the set, the tail will not lie flat but will fall over to one side, no matter how high the set, with the plume. Proper high tailset has no feel of boniness.
Why do Pomeranians Have Tails That Curl Over Their Backs?
The majority of the tails of spitz-type northern dog breeds (e.g. Alaskan Malamute, husky, chow chow) and Pomeranians curl up over their backs. This breed feature helped keep their ancestors’ faces warm when they curled up to try to sleep in the cold climates.
A Low Tail-Set Spoils The Outline Of The Pomeranian
Pom tails should not be curled, nor it should it fall to one side. If the tail is set low, the bone will press into the palm of the hand when the test is made, and the root can be seen to protrude outward and upwards instead of disappearing into a flat plume up the back.
Extremely low tail set will cause the tail to circle upward in a “squirrel” tail. The tail should not be curled, nor it should it fall to one side. A low tail set spoils the outline of the Pomeranian.
Pomeranian tails which are tightly curled or even kinked are a fault. Judges can be observed running fingers along Pomeranian tails during the examination at dog shows.
Correct and Incorrect Fronts and Pomeranian Action:
High stepping, paddling in the front and high kicking rear legs are incorrect. Single tracking, very close or weaving front or back movement usually indicates lack of body and is incorrect.
Pomeranian Front Movement:
Angulation of the hindquarters must balance front angulation. Viewed from behind, the pom’s legs are straight and parallel to each other. Viewed from the side, his buttocks are well behind the base of the tail. Hocks are perpendicular to the ground.
Pomeranian Rear Movement:
A Pomeranian’s feet must be small, compact and resemble a cat’s paw with strong and straight pasterns. The feet are well arched, compact and turn neither in nor out. He stands well up on his toes. Long thin feet with spreading toes or down on pasterns are undesirable. When trimmed the feet should look like an extension of the legs with only a small definition.
Why do Pomeranian Paws Resemble Cat’s Paws?
Pomeranian paws needed to be small and compact to enable the ancestors of the present- day Pomeranian easy movement across snow- covered landscapes. A dog with flat feet would have had difficulty moving across the type of lands inhabited by the Pomeranian’s ancestors.
Copyright Pomeranian.org. All Rights Reserved.
References and Further Reading:
Official Standard of the Pomeranian (AKC). American Kennel Club, 2011.
English Kennel Club Pomeranian Breed Standard, 2017.
Denise Leo, The Pomeranian Handbook.