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Pomeranian Grooming

Dog Shampoos: The Function of Common Ingredients

Lots of shampoos have been designed to care for various skin problems faced by cats and dogs. It may be difficult to understand how the ingredients actually work.

This table will help improve your understanding of why particular ingredients have been added to shampoo. Alongside discussions with your vet, this knowledge will help you choose the best product(s) for your dog’s skin problems.

The following table should help you understand why certain ingredients are included in a shampoo.

This information can help you, with consultation from your veterinarian, select the right one for your pet’s skin condition.

INGREDIENTS
COMMENTS
INSECTICIDALS
For treatment and prevention of fleas, ticks and some types of mange.
Pyrethrin
 
Pyrethroids such as permethrin
Don’t use on cats.
ANTISEBORRHEIC
For the prevention and removal of scales and, in many cases, to also get rid of excess oils.
For seborrhoea oleosa
Characterised by excess oil and scales.
Sulfur
Removes crust and scales and decreases the amount of scales being produced. Antifungal & Antibacterial. Decreases the amount of itchiness. Best used when combined with the same amount of concentration of salicylic acid.
Salicylic acid
Removes scale and crust, and reduces scale production. Decreases the amount of itchiness. Antibacterial. Works best when used with an equal concentration of sulfur.
Refined Tar
This is the most powerful ingredient for use in decreasing the amount of scales being made. Decreases the amount of itchiness. Degreases May be irritating to your pet. Don’t use on cats.
Selenium sulphide
Removes scale and crust, and reduces scale production Antifungal & Antibacterial. Degreases Can irritate mucous membranes and scrotum. Only use it for severe oiliness or yeast infections. Needs to stay on for a minimum of 10 minutes for the antifungal properties to work fully. Don’t use on cats.
Benzoyl peroxide
Gets rid of crusts and scales. May dry out your pet’s skin. Antibacterial properties. Flushes hair follicles. Great degreaser.
For seborrhoea sicca
Characterised by dry scales.
Sulfur
Removes crust and removes and reduces the production of scales. Antibacterial. Reduces itching Is ideal when combined with the same amount of sulfur.
ANTIPRURITIC
To ease itchiness caused by problems such as atopy and other types of allergies.
Colloidal Oatmeal
Decreases the amount of inflammation.
Hydrocortisone
Minimal side effects as compared to oral Steroids
Aloe vera
 
Pramoxine Hydrochloride
Topical anaesthetic
Diphenhydramine
Antihistamine that helps reduce inflammation
Menthol
Has a cooling and anaesthetising effect
Sulfur
Removes crust and removes and reduces the production of scales. Antifungal & Antibacterial. Decreases itchiness. Performs at its best when it’s combined with an equal amount of salicylic acid.
Salicylic acid
Removes crust and removes and reduces the production of scales. Antibacterial. Reduces itching Is ideal when combined with the same amount of sulfur.
Cool water rinses
 
ANTIBACTERIALS
For treatment of bacterial infections such as pyoderma, folliculitis, and impetigo
Benzoyl Peroxide
Gets rid of crusts and scales. May dry out your pet’s skin. Antibacterial. Terrific degreaser and it flushes out the hair follicles
Chlorhexidine
Higher concentrations may dry out or irritate the skin of some animals.
Povidone Iodine
 
Triclosan
Low potency
Ethyl Lactate
Helps flush follicles and helps to degrease
Sulfur
Removes crust and removes and reduces the production of scales. Antibacterial & Antifungal. Reduces itching Is ideal when combined with the same amount of salicylic acid May protect against Staph infections.
ANTIFUNGALS
To treat yeast infections and ringworm
Miconazole 2%
Cheaper than ketoconazole
Chlorhexidine 2-4%
Some activity against yeast and less activity against ringworm. Higher concentrations may dry the skin or be irritating in some animals.
Povidone Iodine
Not as effective and may be irritating
Ketoconazole 2%
Very effective
Selenium sulfide 1%
Gets rid of crusts and scales as well as reducing the production of scale. Antifungal/Antibacterial. Degreases. May irritate mucous membranes and scrotum. It’s better to only use it in cases of severe oiliness or yeast infections. Must be left on for a minimum of 10 minutes so its antifungal activities kick in. Don’t ever use on cats.
EMOLLIENTS
Add oils to skin
Almond Oil
 
Corn Oil
 
Cottonseed Oil
 
Coconut Oil
 
Olive Oil
 
Peanut Oil
 
Persia Oil
 
Safflower Oil
 
Sesame Oil
 
Lanolin
 
Mineral Oil
 
Paraffin
 
EMULSIFIERS
Help distribute emollients
Cetyl Alcohol
 
Laureth-5
 
Lecithin
 
PEG-4 dilaurate
 
Stearic acid
 
Stearyl alcohol
 
HUMECTANTS
Rehydrate skin
Carboxylic Acid
 
Lactic Acid
 
Urea
 
Sodium Lactate
 
Propylene Glycol
 
Glycerine
 
Polyvinylpyrrolidone
 
SPECIAL FORMULATIONS
Microscopic particles that will have numerous ingredients that stick to the hair and skin and slowly release their contents
Novosomes®
Release contents over a 7-10 day period.
Spherulites®
Release contents over an 8 day period.

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