Pomeranian dogs are incredible animals in so many ways, and this means they’re usually in such high demand among people from all walks of life. Demand generally exceeds supply of this amazing canine. The good news is that there are numerous other dogs like Pomeranians, but also have their own distinct features. Dogs similar to Pomeranian pups include Spitz and non Spitz dog breeds.
As you read on, you’ll learn about these other dogs that look like Pomeranians and what qualities they have that make them stand out in comparison to Pomeranians. At the end, you can read a table that compares each dog to Pomeranians in terms of their origin, average height, weight and lifespan.
What Does a Pomeranian Dog Look Like?
Pomeranians are friendly, playful, active and extremely loyal, making them great companions as well as being wonderful show dogs. Pomeranians became more popular, largely because Queen Victoria imported them from Pomerania (hence the name), in Germany to England over a century ago. She owned a number of them and she was believed to have reduced the original Pomeranian size.
A Pomeranian has a double thick coat that can be seen in an abundance of colors. He may have just one color (solid), two colors (tri-colored), or three colors (tri-colored. His tail is thick and plumed, his ears are erect and small and he has a compact, square body. People with an intimate knowledge of Pomeranians can never be fooled. Although the Pomeranian is one of the German Spitz dogs, unlike the others that came from Germany, the Pomeranian came through the North East part of Europe and what is now Poland and West Germany; hence the name – Pomeranian.
If a person doesn’t know much about this special breed, there are numerous dogs that have some resemblance to the Pomeranian. Variations may be in the height, weight and/or size of a dog, differences in their body and/or coat and color; facial features, and some might be large Pomeranian breeds. The bottom line is that none will possess all the traits that go into creating the remarkable canine known as the Pomeranian.
Now it’s time to learn what dog breeds resemble the Pomeranian in some way.
Dogs That Look Like Pomeranians
• Pomeranian. (Aka the: Zwerg Spitz, Deutscher Spitz, and Dwarfspitz). This is a toy dog and the smallest of the German Spitz dogs.
• Miniature Spitz or Kleinspitz.
• Medium Spitz or Mittelspitz.
• Wolfsspitz (aka Keeshond).
• Giant Spitz. (aka Grossespitz).
The Pomeranian’s muzzle is 1/3 of his skull, whereas the other dogs that make up the German Spitz family each have a longer muzzle that measures approx. half of his skull.
The ears of all dogs stand erect and can always be seen. The ears of the Pomeranian, however, are often masked by his fluffy head.
There are different Pomeranian breed types because there are plenty of ways that each breed can stand out compared to the typical Pomeranian. As mentioned, country of origin, height, weight, and life span are merely the beginning.
When you ask the question — what does a Pomeranian look like? — you also need to factor in things such as: color(s) and patterns, facial features, the characteristics and personality of each dog, how well they socialize, and so the list goes on.
Pomeranians can be any of 20 or more different colors and patterns, whereas the various German Spitz dogs can only be one of 8 colors.
In the table at the end of this article, you’ll see the average height, weight and lifespan of all dogs mentioned in this article, including the various German Spitz breeds. It’s valuable information to help you if you want to add a new canine to your existing family (regardless of whether they’re all human, a mix of human and dogs, or maybe people, dogs and other creatures as well.
Miniature Spitz or Kleinspitz
Germany & Poland
7 – 12 inches
1.8 – 3.0 kgs
12 - 16 years
The Kleinspitz is the next smallest, after the Pomeranian, but the smallest German Spitz to have originated in Germany. This breed’s average statistics are seen in the table at the end of this article, as are all the German Spitz dogs.
Medium Spitz or Mittel Spitz
Germany & Poland
7 – 12 inches
12 - 15 inches
1.8 – 3.0 kgs
7 -11 kg
12 - 16 years
Despite this Standard or Mittelspitz being one of the German Spitz group since ancient times, it wasn’t until 1969 that it was officially added to the standard German Spitz family. Because both the Giant Spitz and this breed produce fewer than 100 puppies per year, both dogs are declared as being in danger of extinction.
Keeshond (aka Wolfspitz)
The Keeshond used to be both a watchdog and companion on boats and barges traveling the Dutch rivers and canals during the 17th and 18th centuries. The AKC officially recognized the Keeshond in 1930, This dog has other names including: Smiling Dutchman, Deutscher Wolfspitz, and the Dutch Barge Dog.
This dog is on the list as he’s a great watch dog and excellent companion. The Keeshond is interesting because he’s a big Pomeranian breed and is a wolf sable colored dog.
Giant Spitz (aka Grossespitz)
Despite being the biggest of the German Spitz dogs, the Giant Spitz is still viewed as a medium sized animal compared to many other dogs. He’s also knows as the Deutscher Grossspitz, Deutscher Spitz Klein Giant, Gross Spitz and the Great Spitz.
Both the Pomeranian (toy Spitz) and the Giant Spitz were bred to be companions by King George 1st in 1714 while on the English throne. The connection was made through his wife who was German nobility and they brought the German Spitz dogs with them.
By the late 1700s, Queen Charlotte, wife of George III, had several white German Spitz types they also bred for companions. The Mittelspitz remained as a working dog.
General German Spitz History
The German Spitz breeds became very unpopular once World War One was over because of powerful anti-German attitudes as well as a growing disinterest for breeding dogs. When these dogs were brought to America, their name change to the American Eskimo Dog. However, after World War II, interest in breeding was still very low.
Since the 1970s, a lot has happened. Interest in these breeds increased and the dogs became popular in Britain, Australia and Germany. Some get imported to the US, but the breed is still regarded as rare. Different clubs recognized some of the Spitz dogs and not others. Some allowed different sizes to be interbred and others didn’t permit this to occur.
Now we look at some other dogs similar to Pomeranians but not clearly German Spitz dogs.
The Japanese Spitz, as you might guess, originated in Japan. There’s no clear breed history of this dog but the typical belief is that they’re descended from the White German Spitz and they look almost the same as a white Pomeranian. Despite their diminutive size, they’re ideal watch dogs because they’re alert and extremely courageous, even against dogs that are bigger than themselves. They also get along with other pets and are safe around children.
The Japanese Spitz is bigger than a typical Pomeranian and is sometimes nicknamed a Japanese Pomeranian dog. Because their coat is dry when compared to other Spitz dogs, and dirt won’t stick to it, the Japanese Spitz only needs low maintenance. A Japanese Spitz looks almost the same as the Samoyed that he’s known as the mini-Samoyed. This breed is recognized by the KC and the FCI but not by the AKC.
The Indian Spitz is an ancient native of India. He’s healthy and doesn’t require much grooming or attention by a vet. He easily adapts to the country’s tropical climate. He’s energetic, intelligent, active and alert and is useful as both a watch dog and companion. However, he doesn’t play nice with dogs and other animals so if you already have pets, he’s not a wise choice.
American Eskimo Dog
The American Eskimo Dog has its origins in Germany where it was known as the German Spitz dog. After the first World War, with so much hatred towards anything German, he became the American Spitz and then the American Eskimo Dog.
He’s still regarded as being a small dog. He has the same fluffy coat, curled tail and wedge-shaped face as a Pomeranian. He’s also known as the Alaskan Spitz because he easily adapts to cold climates.
He’s an alert, smart, extremely energetic, playful dog, and this combination of characteristics means he an ideal watchdog and great companion. In obedience trials, he generally ranks among the highest scorers.
The Volpino Italiano is closely related to the Pomeranian but is slightly larger. He’s an Italian dog and is known by a few other names such as: Cane Di Firenze, Cane del Quirinale and Volpino. He resembles a small white fox, hence the name, because vulpes means “fox.” This dog is sometimes confused with the Alaskan Spitz and the White Pomeranian. The Volpino Italiano is friendly and gets along with other pets.
This is a rare breed and, in 1965, only five dogs were registered, meaning the breed was virtually extinct at that point. The FCI recognizes this breed, unlike the AKC.
This dog’s original names were the Finnish Barking Birddogs and the Suomenpystrykorva (that translates as the Finnish Cock-Eared Dog). Nearly two millennium ago people brought them from the Russian Volga River to a country now called Finland. When they were out hunting and discovered their prey, they would make a ringing sort of bark that sounded more like yodeling.
The Finnish Spitz dog is the country’s national dog. They were bred to hunt a variety of different sized prey from rodents to squirrels and even bears. They’re hardy, active, powerful animals ideal for yard and farm living and, despite being hunters, they’re also friendly and reliable around other pets and children. They don’t mature until they’re approx. four years of age.
This dog is one of the fox-faced dog breeds in some ways, with a muscular body, erect ears, a plumed, curved tail and a flat head. He also looks like a Pomeranian (as do most Spitz dogs). If you’re wanting a dog that’s a bit like a Pomeranian, but you can’t get an actual Pom, then this all-rounder might be your best choice.
The Finnish Lapphund is another Spitz dog and is medium in size. He’s a Finland native, and is an excellent hunting dog and a reindeer herder. Sami tribes developed this dog breed by creating a hybrid between a dog and a wolf, with the aim of building the hunting ability of wolves. This was a Finnish Lapphund Pomeranian mix with the best attributes of each breed.
The Finnish Lapphund is stronger and bigger and is ideal for yard and farm living. He’s sturdy, athletic and energetic; and is a reliable dog for families, especially those with children. This dog is nearly twice as big as a Pomeranian and their similarities include: a fluffy coat, a curled tail, perky, small ears and a triangular foxy face.
Their differences include: straighter, longer fur and a calmer attitude. They love plenty of human interaction, as well as plenty of energetic playing.
The Tibetan Spaniel originates in Tibet and can easily cope with the extremely cold weather that exists there. He’s actually not a Spaniel. The reality is that he’s a toy dog breed and bears a striking resemblance to the Pomeranian.
Even though he’s small, he’s alert, active and highly energetic. He’s also devoted to his owners and is courageous, making him an excellent watchdog.
The Tibetan Spaniel easily adapts to extremely cold weather.
This Long-Haired Chihuahua is a very small toy dog, originally from Mexico. He’s a devoted dog who, despite his size, is courageous and fiercely protective of his family. He’s aloof and reserved when strangers are around. He’s an intelligent dog and can be easily trained. However, because he’s easy to provoke, he’s not the ideal dog for home owners who have small children.
This is the only toy dog that’s a bit smaller than a Pomeranian. He can adapt to humid, warm weather.
A Chihuahua usually wouldn’t resemble a Pomeranian, but if it’s a Long-Haired Chihuahua, then you’ll notice a few similarities.
His coat is a lot thinner, regardless of whether he has one or two coats, as the fur hugs his body. His legs and body are leaner and you may even think he’s a Pomeranian experiencing the “puppy uglies.”
The Samoyed is a medium – large size herding dog that resembles a Spitz dog, and originally came from the harsh Siberian section of Russia. He’s a strong, intelligent, hardy animal, an excellent working dog and great companion. His name is derived from the Samoyedic people in Siberia, who trained this creature to hunt for reindeer.
The giant Samoyed resembles a Spitz and he can live in harsh cold weather.
The Samoyed bears a striking resemblance to the fluffy Pomeranian dog, with his wedge-shaped face and incredibly fluffy coat. This breed is more accepting of humans, and that also includes strangers, and will demonstrate his incredibly friendly personality to everyone.
The Pomsky is a cross between two breeds; a Pomeranian and a Husky. What you end up with is a dog with the special Husky colors. The Pomeranian’s personality is dominant in this dog so he’s full of attitude and energy. He’s also very affectionate and that comes from both breeds. Pomskies are nearly always bred by artificial insemination due to the different sizes of both dogs. This is because natural breeding would likely be unsafe.
The Schipperke originated in Belgium and is another dog that resembles a fox, like the Pomeranian does. One major difference is that his coat is only one color – black. The hair is also a lot shorter than a Pom, so he can’t be referred to as a fur ball. In a way, he looks like a Pomeranian, but with a trimmed solid black coat.
The Schipperke often keeps his winning puppy personality for a couple of years so be prepared for plenty of puppy mischief because he makes perfect pet.
The Papillon looks a little like a young Pomeranian with a fox face, prior to his full adult coat growing in. This dog is nicknamed “Pappy,” and is similar in height and weight to a Pomeranian. There are also a few differences. His coat is single, silky, and always parti-colored. His big ears have fringes and stand up.
A Pomeranian has a double coat that is dense and can be one or a mix of colors and/or patterns. His ears are smaller and triangle in shape.
Because the Papillon dog’s similar to Pomeranian attributes, there are breeders that have a liking for mixing both dogs to create a “designer dog,” with the nickname of “Paperanian.” It’s unlikely that such a hybrid dog would be officially accepted by any kennel club.
The Japanese Chin may potentially be mistaken for an older Japanese Pomeranian, if you don’t look at his face. His coat is flatter than a young Pomeranian. Despite his name, the Japanese Chin originally came from China. The fur of this dog never has solid colors. Instead, the colors are either tri or parti-colors. When you look at his face, it’s obvious that he’s not a Pomeranian.
The Japanese Chin is a brachycephalic breed, as is the (Asian) Pomeranian, two of more than a dozen dog breeds. The word means “short head,” and covers a number of descriptive features. Pomeranians and other dogs that meet the brachycephalic breed requirements have short noses, flat faces that look like they’re squished inwards or flattened. These features can make it difficult for the dog to breathe properly.
Dogs Like Pomeranians Conclusion
Pomeranians are an incredible breed for so many reasons. As mentioned, it means they’re always in demand, and get snapped up by breeders, trainers and show people, long before the general public get a chance.
If you have your heart set on a Pomeranian and nothing else will do, then good luck to you. However, if you’re flexible, as long as you get a dog that suits your personality and needs, then perhaps one or more of the dogs in this article will tempt you. You’ll likely get a dog much faster if your have an open mind.
Bear in mind, always do your due diligence when considering any dog because there are plenty of scammers out there who are keen to take your money and give you nothing in return. Ask questions and if the answers aren’t satisfactory, then consider trying elsewhere.
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References and Further Reading:
 Official Standard of the Pomeranian (AKC). American Kennel Club, 2011.
 English Kennel Club Pomeranian Breed Standard , 2017.
 Denise Leo “The Pomeranian Handbook“.
 Milo G. Denlinger “The Complete Pomeranian”.
 Kimbering Pomeranians “1891-1991”.
 William Taplin “The Sportsman’s Cabinet”.
 E. Parker “The Popular Pomeranian”.
 Lilla Ives “Show Pomeranians”.