What is the average Pomeranian lifespan and how to ensure your Pomeranian lives to his full potential.
Most small dogs, such as Pomeranians, generally mature earlier than larger dog breeds. They also tend to have longer lives. On average, a Pomeranian will live 9-16 years, but some can live longer than that. However, there are some things that are deadly and all care must be taken to avoid them.
Major causes of Pomeranian fatalities.
Puppies: The number one cause of deaths in almost all toy breeds, including Poms, is trauma.
Adults: The four major causes of death in Pomeranian adults are:
Trauma: This is the second main cause of adult Pomeranian fatalities and the main cause in puppies. Trauma can include: being trodden on accidentally, being dropped, being hit by a car or being in a car that has an accident.
Gastrointestinal: Problems here include: intestinal blockage, inflammatory bowel disease, pancreatitis, lymphangiectasis, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and various other problems associated with the loss of protein. Infection: Issues of this type include: fungal infections, viral diseases (distemper and parvovirus), bacterial infections (such as leptospirosis) and protozoal diseases (such as leishmaniasis and babesiosis).
Ticks: Ensure tick prevention methods are current. Check your pet every day in areas that are prone to ticks.
Interesting note: Although cancer is a leading cause of deaths in many toy breeds, the Pomeranian has the lowest rate of fatalities as a result of cancer.
Pomeranian Lifespan can be affected by other things as well.
Small breed and toy dogs live approx. 1.5 times as long as the bigger breeds of dogs. Females live 1.2 years longer than males. As with humans, genes can affect the lifespan of a dog. If your Pomeranian is genetically predisposed to contracting a particular disease, (especially if it’s serious), that can affect how long he will live. This is a reason why dogs involved in any breeding program must undergo very strict health screening.
Having a tracheal collapse is a common throat problem for Poms and is hereditary. It’s important to find out if your Pom’s family has faced this problem in the past. Poms are also prone to patellar luxation. This is where the kneecap slips out of the joint. This is also a hereditary problem.
Tips on increasing your Pomeranian’s lifespan.
The single most important way of guaranteeing (as well as you can) that your beloved pet lives a healthy, happy, long life is to make sure his environment is as pet-friendly as possible. The following points will help you achieve this powerful goal. Keep your dog’s weight in a healthy range. Trim and fit Pomeranians live longer lives than their fatter, unfit counterparts. Feed him well-balanced, home cooked meals and avoid commercial pet foods where possible.
Feeding your Pomeranian fresh food instead of manufactured foods with added colours, fillers and preservatives will make a massive difference to his health in the long term. You’ll find our healthy “Home Cooking for Pomeranians” book available on this site.
Pets will have shorter lives if they live in homes where there are smokers present. Passive smoke is just as dangerous to animals as it is to people.
The ideal balance of activities.
Don’t give your puppy too much exercise as his growth plates will be affected. On the flip side, if your pom is lazy and doesn’t bother to move, he’ll start losing lean muscle. If he’s already a healthy size, he’ll gain extra, unwanted weight as he gets older.
You want to ensure your pet is as healthy as possible. One or two very short walks adding up to a maximum combined 20 minutes in total is the ideal amount of walking to be done. Add a few sessions of playtime (playing fetch or catch) and he’ll be a healthy, happy pet.
Neutering or spaying your pom will help increase his lifespan too. An unchanged dog is at greater risk of cancer and other diseases related to their reproductive organs. Vaccinations and the follow up boosters must be kept up until your dog turns five years old.
Infection is the second main cause of fatalities and vaccines can prevent many of these problems. After 5 years, unless a vaccination certificate is required for a boarding kennel, I wouldn’t vaccinate because of the high risk of vaccine-induced autoimmune diseases.
Proper dental care is also essential. Your Pomeranian’s teeth need regular brushing. Lots of dogs become sick or even die from infections in their mouths and teeth or if a tooth infection spreads through the pet’s body. Dogs that lose teeth because they have been neglected will find it more difficult to eat enough food to get sufficient nutrition.
Because trauma is the number one killer of puppies and the number two killer of adults, you must:
• Handle your pom carefully.
• Ensure everyone in the house is always watching where your pom is sitting or lying down before moving in case they tread on him.
• Be careful when other people open doors in case your pom tries to escape by getting off his leash.
• Reduce the amount of stress in the home. Your pet deserves a life filled with love, peace and friendly human companionship and such a life will ensure he lives longer than if his home was a total chaotic one, full of isolation and neglect. The perfect home gives your beloved pet a healthy balance of quiet time and activity time. The quiet time involves peace, nobody running in and out all day, other animals crowding the space and craving attention, radios and TVs blaring loudly and much more. The active time offers more choice. Your pom may choose to sit and watch what’s going on or get involved in games, running around, spending time with the family or sitting quietly and being petted by you.
Look after your Pomeranian and he’ll be your faithful, loving companion for many years.
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