Pomeranian owners learn very quickly that their pet Pom is one of the family, not a mere creature kept outsider on a leash all day. Owners lavish praise when necessary and love their pets very much.
Unfortunately, Poms can’t speak English and tell you when something is wrong. So it’s critical that you closely watch their overall behaviour to determine if problems do exist. The slightest behavioural change could mean your pet is sick.
Catching and diagnosing illnesses such as toxic poisoning and overheating needs to happen as fast as possible. This may occur if he travels with you in your car but is more serious if he’s made to travel in a plane. The sooner he’s healed from toxic poisoning or overheating, the better he’ll become.
There are a few over-the-counter flea medications you may be giving him that could be detrimental to his health. Poms with long hair have a great area for little parasites to grow. If your furry bundle of joy is scratching all the time, it may be due to fleas. If it persists, then you need to take stronger action
It’s very important to use the right treatment because some may harm your pet Pom. Getting fleas, Lyme disease, tape worm and various other pests is a serious matter. Even when you use Spot On, Frontline or Advantix, the risk is still possible. In Poms and other toy breeds, this happens even more.
In March 2010, a year-long study into flea treatments by the EPA published their findings and these are the results they discovered:
• Most side effects were found in dogs that weighed 10 – 20 pounds.
• Mixed dog breeds had more reactions and the dogs in the highest risk group included: Pomeranians, Maltese, Bichon Frise, Dachshund, Miniature Poodles, Chihuahua, Shih Tzu and Yorkshire Terriers apparently had the greatest risk.
• Small breeds also seemed especially affected by products containing permethrin and cyphenothrin.
• Incidents happened most frequently in dogs under the age of three, mostly the first time they came into contact with a spot-on product.
The main problems cats and dogs faced were related to their GI tract, skin and nervous system.
• GI problems included: diarrhoea, vomiting and excessive salivation.
• Skin issues included: itching, redness, sores, hair loss and ulcers.
• Nervous system troubles included: seizures, tremors, ataxia (movement issues), nervousness and lethargy.
These risks started increasing a number of years prior to the study after spot on flea treatments were being sold over the counter. This meant a vet visit wasn’t necessary to buy these medications. Secondly, vets weren’t able to provide owners with practical advice BEFORE such products were purchased. Generic brands began to match brand names in terms of sales.
This wasn’t a good situation because the medication (which is actually a pesticide) is applied to your Pomeranian’s neck, at the very back of it. The pesticide is placed at the rear of the pet’s neck so he doesn’t lick it. The pesticide’s job is to kill fleas without harming your pet.
Most cases where harm has occurred is due to not having used the pesticide in the correct manner. If you see a vet before buying a product, you’ll be given sound advice on where and how to apply the treatment. After generic brands were introduced to the marketplace, risks of harm increased as chemicals in these products were different or stronger.
If you need to deal with fleas on your Pom, talk to your vet first (ideally a holistic vet if available). Then you’ll be given professional advice regarding the type, dose, location and frequency of the flea treatment. Your pet will be weighed properly, and this is critical because calculating dosages for the treatment is based on body weight.
If you have two or more Poms, don’t split the same treatment product between both animals because it’s unsafe. Don’t use any flea products on pregnant or older dogs. Always read full instructions carefully and ring your vet if you have questions BEFORE using it.
Once it has been applied to your Pom, you need to monitor him to ensure there are no bad side effects or behavioural alterations such as diarrhoea, vomiting, twitching, excessive salivating, disorientation or seizures. If anything like this happens, stop the treatment and ring the vet urgently to find out what to do next. You may be able to resolve the problem or, if not, your vet will be more than happy to help you protect your beloved Pomeranian.
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