Pomeranian hypoglycemia is low blood sugar. Low blood sugar levels affect puppies far more than adult dogs. Even if your puppy is very healthy, low blood sugar levels may still affect him. This is why it’s critical to understand the symptoms and how to manage them properly.
Tiny Pomeranian puppies (particularly toy breed dogs such as Pomeranians) have almost no storage of fat. Fat is the body’s fuel and sugar levels fall if there’s not enough.
Adult dogs can balance it out better because their liver creates more sugar. But puppy livers don’t have the capacity to do this and, suddenly, your tiny puppy has hypoglycemia.
Signs of Hypoglycemia in Pomeranians
Symptoms may be quite vague. You have to keep your eyes out for them, particularly in a tiny puppy due to high susceptibility. Without enough sugar, your puppy’s breathing and heart rate start slowing down and cause other problems.
Watch for Pomeranian Hypoglycemia Symptoms:
- Puppy is weak or sleepy.
- He appears to be disoriented.
- He walks like he’s a little bit drunk.
- His eyes seem unfocused or glassy-eyed.
- His head tilts down to one side.
- He has seizures.
- He shivers, shakes or trembles.
- He loses consciousness and you can’t wake him.
Pomeranian Hypoglycemia is Life Threatening
Unless you can apply for immediate first aid, your beloved puppy may die, the puppy loses consciousness as the Pom's brain begins shutting down from lack of glucose. Fortunately, it’s easy to reverse the symptoms and treat hypoglycemia once you know it exists. In most cases, your puppy will react to the treatment ( restoring blood sugar level) within a maximum of 10 minutes.
However, if he doesn’t seem to be settling down, get him to the vet urgently as there may be another problem. Even if your puppy does have a “turn” but responds to the treatment given, it’s wise to get him checked by your vet to ensure he really is ok.
Pomeranian Hypoglycemia First Aid
Once you catch the early warning signs and treat them, your puppy should be fine in most cases. However, without such treatment, he may slip into a coma and his heartbeat and/or breathing could stop. Read articles about how to do puppy CPR so you know how to save his life if necessary.
Signs of Hypoglycemia
If the puppy’s blood sugars drop, he can’t control his body temperature. Wrap him in a blanket and use a heating pad or hot water bottle and keep him warm until his glucose levels increase and start burning for energy. The warmth reduces the effects of shock.
If Pomeranian Puppy is Sleepy or Woozy
Sugar will negate these effects. You may see these signs a long time after he has eaten. Make him something yummy to eat that you know he’ll gobble up.
Puppy is Shivering or Acting Like a “Drunk.”
You’ll need to use a high concentrate of sugar such as honey or pancake syrup so it works fast. Make sure he’s able to swallow it before feeding him a teaspoon of the sugary substance. If he seems groggy, give him some water first.
If he doesn’t lap it up, use a syringe. Make sure he’s swallowing and then give him the syrup which he should lick from the spoon easily.
Pom Puppy is Having Seizures and Loss of Consciousness
Follow the tips previously described. After a seizure has stopped or he has lost consciousness, you can still give him sugar. It’s not crucial that he swallows it. It can be absorbed through the mucus membranes in his mouth where it will get into his bloodstream quickly.
Honey or karo syrup are ideal products to use. Rub a little inside his gums and on his lips and watch while he recovers (5-15 minutes). Keep your puppy warm. You can take him to the vet during this time.
How to prevent Hypoglycaemia in Pomeranians
Once your puppy has had one bout of hypoglycemia, you’ll understand how to monitor him and treat him in the future.
There are also preventative steps you may wish to take, especially if your puppy is in the high risk category.
- Include dairy in his diet. Grated cheese, yoghurt and puppy milk once each day will help him and also give him a good dose of calcium for strong bones.
- Give him several meals a day. One meal may be too much to eat in one sitting. This also helps keep sugars level.
- Give him dry food for snacking between meals. Don’t give him too much or he may gain weight but give him enough to control sugar levels.
- Give him two tablespoons of Karo syrup in his water for sipping through the day. Replace his water every day to avoid bacteria growth.
There are various reasons why your puppy may suffer from hypoglycemia even when he eats well. Some relate to husbandry or the care you give him. It’s almost always possible to prevent your puppy from contracting hypoglycemia.
But if they run and play too much without enough rest, that can cause low sugar even in bigger dogs. It’s the job of the owners to be mindful of their Pomeranian’s health at all times and that includes eating properly and having healthy food habits.
When it comes to preventing hypoglycemia in Pomeranians, the best advice is to be diligent. Owners should know that changes in diet or exercise can cause their dog's blood sugar levels to drop below the normal range.
Owners need to know that hypoglycemia can be prevented by simply giving their Pomeranian the food they need. We've outlined how you can avoid this condition, so if your pet suffers from it or has a family history of it, now you have some more knowledge on what causes it and how to minimize its effects.
Disclaimer: The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional veterinarian advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your veterinarian with any questions you may have regarding the medical condition of your dog. Never disregard professional advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on ANY website.
For complete and detailed Pomeranian information, Feeding your new Pomeranian puppy, How to read dog food labels, toilet, and crate training your Pomeranian, how to choose the right Pomeranian puppy for your family, socializing your Pomeranian. Download the Pomeranian Book by Pomeranian Breed Authority Denise Leo.
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References and Further Reading:
 Denise Leo “The Pomeranian Handbook”.