The Pomeranian is a sturdy little dog that suffers from very few health issues. The most common health problem that can affect the Pomeranian, as in many of the “toy” breeds is patella luxation, or slipping kneecaps. Environment as well as genetic influences play a big part in the health of your Pomeranian. Correct Diet and Medication may improve this health issue. If the problem is severe, surgery may be your only option. The best person to talk to is your Veterinarian. Feeding your puppy a balanced diet may help prevent many health problems later in life. Take care of your Pomeranian by keeping him or her trim and fit and never allow a young puppy to jump down from steps, beds or furniture. Pomeranians with a patella grading over 2 should be removed from any breeding program.
Collapsing trachea. Pomeranians who make honking noises or cough-like sounds (much like a cat regurgitating a hairball) may have collapsed tracheas. An x-ray can diagnose the issue, and medication can reduce the symptoms. A collapsed trachea can be deadly and immediate veterinarian treatment is required. Any coughing should be investigated and it could also indicate worms, heart disease or hairballs. Pomeranian puppies have been known to die from hairballs. Fur can be ingested by the puppy while sucking the mother.
Coat loss problems can affect Pomeranians. This problem is often referred to as Black skin disease, BSD, SHLS (Severe Hair Loss Syndrome) or Alopecia X. An accurate diagnosis is often a very long, inconclusive and expensive exercise. Possible causes of the problem are Hypothyroidism or low thyroid, Cushing’s disease, eczema, mites, fungus infections and allergies. Talk to the breeder of your Pomeranian for guidance with this problem and also ask your veterinarian for help to diagnose the cause and suggest a remedy. More information in coat loss in Pomeranians.
Heart issues ranging from extremely minor to life threatening are common in dogs. Similar to humans, heart disease in dogs is associated with genetic factors and poor lifestyle which includes poor diet, obesity and lack of exercise.
Entropian or inward rolling of the eyelid. This causes the eyelashes to rub on the surface of the eye. Pomeranians with entropion show discomfort by squinting and may be sensitive to sunlight. Surgery can easily correct entropian. Surgery is best left until the Pomeranian is over 12 months of age. With growth the problem may correct itself. If left untreated corneal ulceration and scarring may develop.
Legg-Perthes disease is another health issue known to occur occasionally in the Pomeranian. Perthes disease occurs during 4 to 11 months of age. Perthes disease is a problem with loss of blood supply to the hip joint, resulting in lameness and extreme pain for the animal concerned. Surgery will help, but as a genetic component is assumed affected animals should never be used for breeding.
Seizures or idiopathic epilepsy. Known as idiopathic because the cause is not known and epilepsy basically means repeat seizures. Seizures might happen as a onetime occurrence for numerous reasons, however if the seizures are repetitive this is called epilepsy.
Hypoglycaemia in young, very small and active Pomeranian puppies is not unusual. Discuss any potential problems with regard to hypoglycaemia and your new Pomeranian baby, with the Breeder prior to collecting the Pomeranian Puppy. Hypoglycemia, basically is very low blood sugar. Glucose is the form of sugar found within the bloodstream. Glucose is created in the course of the digestion of foods and it can be stored within the liver in a storage form called glycogen.
The majority of cases of low blood sugar (hypoglycaemia) in puppies are the result of insufficient or low quality food. Excessive exercise or even over handling a new puppy may possibly cause the puppy’s body to require more sugar than is accessible. A young puppy with hypoglycaemia will certainly be lacking energy. Glucose (sugar) is the fuel the body burns for energy. Devoid of glucose sugars the puppy will be lethargic. In serious cases, the puppy might even seizure, and in very serious cases can become comatose and die. Glucose is essential for the brain tissue and muscles to function.
The dangers of Hypoglycemia depend on the severity or degree. Hypoglycemia as a consequence of insufficient food or excessive exercise or too much handling, is easily remedied. If however the cause is a liver disease preventing the storage of glucose as glycogen, or intestinal disease interfering with the absorption of food, hypoglycemia might be chronic and even life threatening.
If your puppy is lethargic and fatigued as a result of low blood sugars, immediately supply glucose. Karo Syrup and honey are excellent sugar options and should be immediately given to your puppy. Please contact your veterinarian without delay. Nutrical High Calorie Supplement is an excellent supplement for very small and young Pomeranian puppies.
Open fontanels are an opening in the top of the puppy’s skull, similar to an open fontanel in a new born human baby. Open fontanels are a very common occurrence in small dog breeds. Fortunately, the majority of the smaller sized open fontanels seen in Pomeranian puppies are not a cause for any concern and most open fontanels will close before a puppy reaches 12 months.
Testicle Descent Abnormalities. Male Pomeranians may have the abnormal descent of their testicles (one or both). If this is the case, castration is the routine route taken. Ignoring this issue (which is thought to be inherited) can place the pup at a higher risk of testicular cancer.
Ethical Registered Pomeranian breeders are helping to improve the odds of there puppies being strong and healthy by removing any Pomeranians affected with genetic problems from breeding stock. Knowledge is the answer. Breeders of registered purebreds are breeding their breed for the betterment of the breed and long term love of that breed. Breeders of cross breeds are only breeding for short term monetary gains. Breeders of cross bred puppies are really only “breeding in the dark”, they have no idea what is behind their breeding stock, what genetic problems are hidden, but hope that by crossing two unrelated breeds, problems that affect both breeds will not be present in the resulting litter. Breeders of purebred dogs are very aware of any health problems in their chosen breed.
Testing for genetic problems is now available & Breed Clubs support these endeavors by dedicated breeders.
For complete and detailed Pomeranian information, how to choose the right Pomeranian puppy for your family, Feeding your new Pomeranian puppy, toilet and crate training your Pomeranian, Socializing your Pomeranian Puppy, Common Health Issues Affecting Poms, Choosing Your Pomeranian’s Veterinarian, Pomeranian Colors and Patterns. The Pomeranian colors explained, Breeding & Exhibiting Pomeranians. Download the Pomeranian Book by Pomeranian Breed Authority Denise Leo.
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