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How to Potty Train a Pomeranian

I receive so many emails asking for help with Pomeranian house training. Pomeranian potty training requires much patience and perseverance in the first weeks.

If you have purchased your puppy from a reputable, registered show breeder your task will be so much easier. Pomeranian potty training problems usually arise with Pom puppies born and reared in dirty conditions. 

Most registered show Pomeranian breeders will have already commenced Pomeranian potty training young poms with training pads,  newspapers or a litter tray .

Pomeranian Potty Training Basics

  1. Dogs respond to odours and they’ll urinate where there is the smell of dog urine. Eliminate the smell associated with mishaps from your home by simply cleaning with white vinegar.
  2. Always take your puppy outside to “potty” after sleeping, eating and during playtime.
  3. Crate or confine your puppy to a small area at night and anytime you’re unable to monitor your puppy.
  4. When puppy urinates or defecates at the “potty” place, lavish lots of praise on puppy and give him a treat instantly. These actions tell puppy he has accomplished a wonderful thing. If preferred, you might include a command word while he’s performing his business.
  5. After success at the “potty” spot, puppy may have freedom of the home for a short period of time. The amount of time is based on his age.
  6. In the event of no results during a “potty break” after 5 minutes, bring puppy inside and place him in his crate for half an hour and then repeat the process.
  7. If you catch puppy in the act, yell NO and race puppy to the “potty” place. If puppy does “potty” more at the correct place, praise and treat. Thoroughly clean up the accident prior to returning puppy to the room.
  8. A young puppy must not be confined to a crate for lengthy periods of time. A general time line is to expect a Pomeranian puppy to be able to hold on for absolutely no more hours than the number of months of their age.

Pomeranian Potty Training

Restrict Puppy’s Unsupervised Access to Your Home 

how to potty train a pomeranian
How to Potty Train a Pomeranian

The biggest mistake any Pom puppy owner can make is to bring a new Pom baby home, let puppy run around the home for a few days going to potty anywhere and then deciding to start house training a Pomeranian.

Your home will smell like puppy’s potty place everywhere and your task will be a lot harder and slower to achieve.

The Pomeranian puppy is best kept in a playpen with clean newspaper down or puppy training pads, food, water and a comfortable bed at the other end of the playpen. The Pom puppy sleeps in this area and when I have to go out,  I leave the baby Pomeranian confined to the playpen.

As soon as puppy wakes up I take him or her outside to the area I want puppy to use as a potty area.

I also take puppy to this area after meals and reward puppy when he or she has done the right thing with heaps of cuddles and tell puppy how clever and good he or she is. This takes a lot of patience and you must persevere, but doing this right in the first few weeks will pay in the long term.  Remember your new Pom puppy is just a baby and accidents do and will happen.


Any of  above actions on your part will make your Pom puppy associate his actions of going potty with his human turning into a monster ! Your Pom will not associate your behaviour with the intended message he is defecating in an inappropriate place and next time he needs to go potty he will hide from you.

Immediately take puppy to the potty area. Clean up the accident immediately and ensure there is no lingering smells or puppy will use this area again and again. If your puppy has been using a rug or newspaper you can place either item in the place outside you want baby to use as the potty area. The smell will help the puppy associate this area with going to the toilet.

Helpful items to aid potty training your new puppy are  reusable, washable potty pads. 




Another option is disposable puppy potty pads. Purchase online at the best prices or from a lot of discount stores and pet shops ( I avoid going into petshops for fear of bringing home disease) and already smell to the puppy like urine. Place one of these where you want puppy to use as the potty place and the smell from the pads will encourage the puppy to use the pad.


Another Pomeranian Potty Training product is indoor grass puppy potty. This product is a artificial grass type potty for your adult Pomeranian or puppy. Can be used indoors out outside. Easily hosed and washed. A great product if your intend to potty train your Pomeranian to use a patio area.


White vinegar is an excellent cleaner to remove doggie smells and is safe on most carpets.

 Pomeranian Training  to a Litter Tray

 Pomeranian Training  to Use a Litter Tray
Pomeranian Training to Use a Litter Tray

This is the easiest to start at around 3 weeks of age. I place a very low tray of kitty litter at the entrance to the baby’s bed.

The first thing the pom puppy steps onto when getting out of the bed is the kitty litter tray. As the Pomeranian pup gets older I move the litter tray further away.

If your require your Pom puppy to be litter trained speak to your breeder on the subject of Pomeranian potty training prior to purchase.

Mature Pomeranian Potty Training 

What happens if you decide you want to rescue a Pomeranian… and you discover that he or she doesn’t understand the meaning of the word “housebroken?” In that case, it’s time for some old-fashioned potty training!

Although some people believe it’s tough to teach an older Pomeranian how to go to the bathroom outside, the opposite is actually true. Why? Consider these facts:

• An older dog has more control over his body, and can hold his bladder longer than a puppy.
• An older dog will likely respond to a consistent schedule quickly.

To Begin Your Journey to a Clean House and a Happy, Potty Trained Pomeranian, Take These Measures into Consideration:

• Take your Pomeranian to an area where he or she can use the bathroom before he enters your house for the very first time.
• After he goes to the bathroom, shower him with lots of praise!
• Bring your new dog into the house and allow him to explore.
• Anticipate times when he’s likely to need to eliminate (e.g., after eating, every few hours and before bedtime), and promptly take him outside.
• Continue to praise your Pomeranian every time elimination happens, and he’ll be happy to receive your adoration and cuddles!
• Should accidents occur (and they most certainly will), don’t scold or punish your adult dog. Clean the mess – quietly – and keep training him. Be proactive; an older Pomeranian won’t let you know when he needs to go to the bathroom, at least not at first. Eventually, he’ll understand and respond accordingly.

Pomeranian Potty Training Problems

When I pick up my Pomeranian puppy, he pees.

Puppies commonly become so excited that they pee themselves. It might be because they expect attention or receive too much attention. It’s also known as “excitement urination behaviour.”  Read about Submissive Urination.

If your little one does this, these tasks can help:

• Play with him outside.
• Take puppy to his designated bathroom so he can pee before you play.
• If he gets too excited, approach him from his side and begin playing slowly.
• If your puppy does urinate, don’t pick him up immediately. Instead, kneel next to him, pat him slowly and calmly, then roll him into your lap. This stops the excited feeling of being picked up.

The moment I bring Pom puppy inside, he poops or pees.

• Make him focus on one task and give him ample time.
• Don’t let him multi-task or roam the yard.
• Use a six-foot leash or a retractable one that goes out to six feet.
• Stand in the centre of his designated space and let him circle within it.
• He might sniff and look around but don’t disturb him by talking or playing.

Time matters.

• It would be great if your puppy did his business on cue. However, some need 15-20 minutes for their bowel muscles to relax before a movement.
• If he pees, he might only half empty his bladder and need more time to expel the rest.
• Sit outside with a good book or your phone and give him time.

If he needs to pee the minute he comes in, have him sit in your lap because dogs won’t pee on their owner normally.

  • However, there are three exceptions:
    1. If he has a health problem making his bladder weak.
    2. If he’s highly stressed.
    3. If his need to go is too strong to hold on.

Don’t keep him in your lap more than 10 minutes before carrying him to his bathroom, where he’ll probably pee easily.

My Pomeranian can’t hold it for more than an hour.

If he suddenly loses control of his bowels and/or bladder, this may indicate a health problem that must be checked first. Once the vet determines there’s no health reason, you can look at other possibilities.

Apart from health problems, generally the solution is that he needs to strengthen his bowel and/or bladder muscles.
Very young puppies won’t have much control. As they grow, their muscles get stronger but how much stronger they will get will partly depend on what you do to help.

If you took your 8-week-old puppy out to the garden every two hours, and stuck with that as he turned three and then four months of age, he’ll get used to going every two hours. The answer is to increase the time between visits.

There must be a good balance between taking him outside and supervising him. Use the supervisory or confinement methods covered earlier. Your goal is to increase time by 15 minutes and then keep increasing slowly as he gets better. If he’s used to a three-hour interval and you try to get him to hold it for eight hours, that’s impossible. Only the incremental way will gradually work.

My dog does his business while I sleep without waking me.

This covers nightly bathroom needs. The early morning will be discussed next. These tasks can help:

1. Take your pet out one hour before bed and again 20 minutes prior, allocating the 15-20 minutes previously covered.
2. Don’t feed him anything after two hours before bedtime.
3. However, never restrict his water.
4. Place him in a confined space so messes don’t appear all around your home. The playpen mentioned earlier is a terrific idea. If you don’t know he needs to go, he’ll likely use the pads provided.
5. He needs sufficient activity and exercise throughout the day, so he’ll sleep when it’s time. This means 2-3 20-minute walks each day and a 20-minute cardio session (playing fetch or something similar).

He poos and/or pees extremely early some mornings.

These tasks can help:

1. Make his last meal an hour or two earlier than normal. It will increase the chance he’ll use the bathroom last thing at night. If you do this, give him a small dry snack at his normal dinner time.

2. Sometimes it’s the opposite that works. Feed him two hours later in the evening so he may not have a bathroom urge until two hours later than he usually does in the morning. Again, give him a small dry snack at his usual meal time.

3. Give your dog more exercise each evening. Don’t do it too close to his bedtime but if you play fetch for a couple of hours or take him for a long walk, he’ll be more tired and should sleep through the night and NOT want to go to the bathroom while you’re still deep in slumber.

4. Certain noises can wake your dog. It could be birds chirping, a door closing or loud voices outside, etc. Perhaps you have a quieter location for his sleeping area. Alternatively, a white noise machine can block out annoying sounds.

5. Your dog bark when he wakes up as he’s feeling bored. You might assume he needs the bathroom so you take him out. He’ll pee only because he’s outside. However, if he had something to keep himself busy when he woke, he may not have barked and disturbed you. Placing a treat release toy in his sleeping space after he’s asleep can keep him happy if he wakes up, and will save him barking.

My Pomeranian uses the whole house as a bathroom.

1. If he completely empties his bladder and it began suddenly, it could be a urinary tract, or bladder, infection so it’s vet time.
2. If it’s only a sprinkle, often in the same spot, he may be marking his territory. Read the “Marking” section for more information on this topic.
3. If your dog simply hasn’t understood your rules, you’ll need to start from the beginning again.
4. You may have spent months training your pet, but if you find faeces and urine all around your home, something didn’t go according to plan…perhaps a step was missed. If you skip steps to save time, you actually waste time.

My Pom moves or destroys pee pads.

• Use a pee pad holder and the best one available is the Dogit Training Pad Holder. Its raised edge contains all puddles and it securely holds a pad. You can also buy cat litter boxes that act like quality pee pad holders.

• Ensure he has the ideal chew toys to keep him satisfied; great “stay busy” toys to occupy his time; 20 minutes of cardio exercises and 2-3 walks each day. This should release all his pent-up energy and stop him feeling restless.

My dog misses the pads.

This can happen if his area is too big (e.g. half a room divided with gates). However, his space can’t be too small either or he’ll feel claustrophobic, causing emotional and physical stress.

The ideal space should be just big enough for a bed area, space for water and food, a toy play space and pee pads. It’s rare for a dog to soil his belongings so this sized space strongly encourages his use of pee pads.

A playpen that’s 8-foot square and 24 inches high is perfect for a puppy. Once he becomes an adult, you can get extensions.




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References and Further Reading:
[1] Denise Leo “The Pomeranian Handbook”.
[2] Denise Leo “Training Your Pomeranian ”.

buy pomeranian training book

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