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Breeding Pomeranians

Pomeranian Breeding Facts

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This article will explore all about breeding Pomeranians. Many Pomeranian dog owners consider breeding at least once during their pet’s life. While having a litter of puppies to play with may sound like fun, it’s actually a lot of hard work.

If you’re not prepared to spend the time and money necessary to do it properly, it’s best if you don‘t contemplate breeding Pomeranian dogs in the first place. Breeding Pomeranians for sale can be difficult. Selling puppies is the simple part of the process.

Realities of Breeding Pomeranian Dogs:

  • Finding a caring home for each one.
  • Responsibility for tracking the sold puppies for the rest of their lives.
  • Having to keep unwanted puppies yourself or ones that the owner has grown tired of or simply can’t manage the appropriate level of care. Studies reveal that 10% of puppies end up remaining with the owner.

Having enough time, money and space to provide excellent care for all dogs living in your home. You have a duty of care to your puppies, and to their purchasers, to produce the healthiest dogs possible. Every breed has temperament and genetic problems that may be passed to the puppies.

You need years of knowledge and experience in order to recognise any problems. Even if a dog doesn’t have a visible problem, he may pass it onto the puppies genetically. Extensive, expensive testing and a comprehensive knowledge of pedigrees and breeding is needed in order to avoid puppies with major health issues.

Pomeranian Health Testing

Reputable breeders thoroughly check their dogs for eye diseases, allergies, coat problems, hormone and thyroid issues, patella luxation, elbow and hip dysplasia, bleeding problems and many other issues before they would even think about breeding.

Pomeranian Health Guarantee

A breeder needs to guarantee the health of the puppies (genetically speaking) until they become adults. This may include either refunding or replacing a dog many years down the track.

Newborn Pomeranian Puppies
Newborn Pomeranian Puppies

Lots of places have “lemon laws” that mean a breeder is obliged to pay for medical bills or refund up to triple the amount paid for the dog in the first place. Even the temperament of a dog is covered by a guarantee because nobody wants a dog who bites as that may result in a lawsuit.

You’ll need to be available to offer advice to buyers regarding medical issues, behavioral problems and training and this support service is likely to continue for 10-15 years.

If you’re making your dog available as a Pomeranian stud service, you still have responsibility to care for all puppies bred as a result, as do the owners of the female Pomeranian bred to your Pomeranian stud dog.

Pomeranian Breeder Responsibility

Being a Pomeranian breeder means you’re responsible for the reproductive future of all puppies you sell. It’s very expensive to care for dogs and litters. You need to spend a bucket load of money on your bitch before she’s even old enough to produce puppies.

This can include Pomeranian stud fee, pre-whelping and post-whelping exams, x-rays and shots, removing the dewclaw, tail docking, two sets of puppy injections, worming medication and equipment such as crates, playpens, whelping boxes and heating pads.

Difficult pregnancies are very common. Then there’s the cost of food, bedding, toys and the certification needed so she’s able to breed.

Newborn Pomeranian Puppies
Newborn Pomeranian Puppies

You also need a good quality Pomeranian stud dog and he’s quite expensive as well.

If you have a job, apart from being a breeder, you’ll need time off work to help with the whelping and monitor the mother and pups for the first few days to ensure there aren’t any problems.

Dogs may not know what to do and could accidentally kill one or more puppies if you’re not there at an important time.

There’s a 25% mortality rate in newborn Pomeranian puppies, regardless of how well they’re looked after. You bitch may lose her own life if there are any whelping problems when you’re not available to care for her.

Selling Pomeranian Puppies

When you’re ready to sell your puppies, there will be advertising expenses. It can take up to four months to locate a good home for the whole litter. Even the breeders of the highest quality show dogs hardly ever cover all their costs.

It may seem like having one litter won’t affect the number of dogs in the total population, but if your bitch or dog merely produces four puppies and each of them only produces a single litter and so on; after seven years, your dog will have over 4000 descendants. This clearly shows the serious repercussions of having one single litter.

Pomeranian Whelping Complications

Smaller dogs, such as the Pomeranian, may suffer from whelping complications and this can easily rack up hefty vet fees. If the mother can’t whelp naturally, a C-section is needed and this is also common for Pomeranians. One C-section can cost up to $5000.

There are a multitude of problems that may occur so your dam needs plenty of postpartum care. Typical reproduction problems that can follow whelping include: agalactia, eclampsia, metritis and mastitis.

Knowledgeable breeders have a nickname for Pomeranians and that is – “the heartbreak breed.” If sufficient advice and help isn’t offered fast enough, the mother and/or puppies may die.

The mother might be incapable of feeding the puppies. If so, they need to be bottle fed or tube fed every two hours around the clock for a number of weeks. Puppy should stay as clean as possible and you may need to give the puppies help with bowel and bladder emptying after every feed.

1 week old Pomeranian puppies
1 week old Pomeranian puppies

Do you feel certain that you have the time, energy and motivation to successfully provide the right care for Pomeranian puppies? It takes an immense amount of tireless effort and boundless energy to look after this breed of puppies as well as the other dogs you own, including their mother. If you believe that the Pomeranian breeders rake in the money, forget it.

Ask experienced, registered breeders if they make plenty of cash and I’m certain their replies will be a resounding “NO!” Unless your Pomeranian is an exceptional breed type, is registered with a Kennel Club and you’re prepared to find the most compatible match with which to mate her, stop!

Think long and hard before making such a huge decision. Sadly, most dog shelters are vastly overcrowded and the majority of dogs housed there are unwanted, untrained and may have been there for a long time.

Ask Yourself These Questions Before Breeding Your Pomeranian

Pomeranian puppies
Pomeranian puppies
  • Do you have access to a very experienced vet 24/7?
  • Do you have enough money to pay all important vet bills related to the care of a mother and her puppies? This includes unexpected emergencies.
  • Does somebody in the home have the ability to stay home all day and look after the needs of the litter?
  • Can I find a secure, safe, permanent, loving home where the puppies can thrive?
  • Well-known breeders usually have plenty of contacts and homes ready to accept responsibility for a puppy litter.
  • If the worst case scenario happens and the new owner can’t care for the dogs any longer, can the breeder take them back into his loving home for an indefinite time period?
  • Does the buyer know if the puppy has any gene defects? Buyers can return dogs if they have defects and the breeder must refund their money in full.
  • Your female Pomeranian won’t necessarily have a litter before the owner desexes her. Doing this greatly decreases the risk of mammary and other tumors growing later in life. All pet Pomeranians should be desexed around puberty.

Consider The Reasons Before Breeding Pomeranian Dogs

These are a few of the popular reasons for breeding a pet Pomeranian:

The Kids Want the Puppies

Giving birth isn’t a pretty sight. It commonly happens in the middle of the night and the kids may be scared at the sounds the bitch makes when in labour. You can get DVDs and books that show children what it’s like to give birth, without having to spend a fortune in both money and time and care for a real litter.

I Want Another Pomeranian Identical to My Pomeranian

No two dogs are the same. Each one has its; own unique behaviour and personality. The puppies have a 50% chance of taking after the other parent. Most of the dog’s personality will be developed as he grows, not inherited.

We Want Another Pomeranian

It’s much cheaper and simpler to buy a new puppy instead of going through the breeding process.

Our Friends Want a Pomeranian

Yes, they may want a puppy when they say it. However, when the time comes, it’s not a good time for many reasons and you’re left with puppies you never wanted in the first place.

We Want to Get Back the Money We invested in Our Dog

It’s rare to ever make a profit when breeding puppies. Raising a litter will most likely cost you a lot more than you could have imagined. You probably bought a dog initially for companionship and fun and, even if you spent $500, that equates to $50 per year if he only lives for 10 years. It’s less than $1 per week and much cheaper than a cup of coffee.

My Pomeranian Needs This Experience

This is a fallacy on both counts. Hormones govern sex in animals. There’s no thought process or emotion attached to it. A bitch only “thinks” about having sex when she’s in that season. Once it has finished, she forgets all about it. Males only think about it when they’re in the presence of a bitch in heat.

Pomeranian Breeding Facts
Pomeranian Breeding Facts

Breeding never settles a dog. It makes males worse. He gets more aggressive and territorial, can lose his usual house manners and will be almost impossible to control if there’s a bitch in heat nearby. If they’re virgins, they don’t miss it. Settling a dog isn’t sex, it’s training and maturity.

Nature Intended Dogs to Produce Puppies

People control the pet’s reproductive lifestyle. Nature’s way is totally different to ours. Nature didn’t want animals to ever reproduce. In the wild, only the strongest, smartest and fittest ever last long enough to reproduce. Females can only get pregnant when the environment and their food supply is such that the babies have a good future.

People let animals procreate whenever they want to, regardless of the consequences. Bitches need not have a litter before they’re spayed.  Anyone claiming this to be the case is living in a dream world.

Studies show that puppies can be neutered or spayed and not suffer as a result. Spaying a bitch prior to her first heat period decreases the risk of uterine infections and breast cancer.

Neutering a male doesn’t make him into a wimp. It makes him easier to train by channeling sexual energy into other areas of his life.

Pomeranian Breeding Requirements

If you have decided showing and breeding Pomeranians is for you, we welcome you. You’re going to need to join the Kennel Club, you must learn the record-keeping requirements and their rules. They can conduct surprise inspections. If your records don’t meet their satisfaction, they may not register your litter and fine and suspend you from registration for life.

The first step in breeding quality Pomeranians is to contact the Kennel Club to get referrals to national and local breeding clubs. Join a club and you’ll be able to learn from other breeders.

Take out subscriptions to various dog magazines including the Kennel Club magazine. Improve your knowledge by reading everything you can about breeding your dog and also all dogs in general.

You’ll need to learn about anatomy, structure, medical issues, training, psychology, behavior and much more. Attend dog shows to learn how to make your dog better than the average breed. You need to learn what the “breed standard” actually means.

Every Kennel Club recognized breed will have a written description of perfection. This covers his look, how he moves and how he acts. A serious breeder compares his own dog to the standard and that helps him to decide whether to breed or not.

It takes a long time and plenty of exposure to truly understand the standards and the characteristics that make a dog special. You’ll learn if your dog has such characteristics and if breeding would improve the quality of the breed overall. That’s the only goal and reason to breed any dog – to produce an animal that has exceptional appearance, temperament, health and trainability.

This may take years and you might discover that, although your dog is a great pet, he may not be ideal breeding stock. Many Pomeranian puppy breeders have faced this same realization.

Before considering whether to breed or not, visit local shelters to see just what happens to dogs that started out as possible breeding dogs and pets with owners who thought it would be “great fun” to have a litter.

Euthanasia is as educational as the miracle of giving birth. You need to fully appreciate the harsh reality and consequences of not successfully breeding. Is it worth it? The decision to breed? Generally, it’s not. The kindest thing you can do for a dog is not to breed him but to care for him as a much loved pet instead.

How Often, And Until What Age, Can Pomeranians Be Safely Bred?

What a controversial topic! The opinions vary a lot between owners, breeders and reproduction experts.

Best Age Female Pomeranian for Breeding

How old should a female dog be before breeding? Most believe that the female dog isn’t mature enough on her first heat cycle. She can’t bred prior to her second cycle and she needs to be in perfect health before breeding is even tried.

As For Consecutive Pomeranian Pregnancies, There are Three Schools of Thought:

  • Breed every second season.
  • Breed for two seasons and then skip one season.
  • Breed every season with no trouble.

Some experts believe that skipping a season isn’t natural and may create a hormonal imbalance that may affect the dam’s health. If a bitch needed C-sections, she would definitely need a longer recovery time between litters.

The American Animal Hospital Association has been quoted as saying: “I know of no stance by any organisation, AAHA or AVMA, on people breeding their dogs during each and every heat cycle. I personally don’t recommend it, but there’s no policy by anyone official that I’m aware of at this time.

As far as the effect of consecutive pregnancies are concerned, there’s probably little, if any, effect if the female Pomeranian dog is in good physical condition to begin with on each of her pregnancies. You have to remember that this is the way it was designed in nature, to keep the population going and it was survival of the fittest. 

Consecutive breedings shouldn’t occur often. One season’s rest (as a minimum) must be allowed between litters. If she has consecutive litters and the first litter only produces a single puppy, she should still have a rest for a year before breeding again.

You may decide to breed her twice in a row if your aim is to whelp her at a better time of year. This may be desired if she had a small litter or had infertility issues.

The dam needs to be in perfect health for this to happen and the litter sizes usually reduce and the energy and puppy sizes usually decrease as well so there isn’t really a valid reason for it.

One exception can be the female Pomeranian dog who only has one cycle per year. She can be bred in consecutive seasons because Nature has already determined her cycle to have a year’s rest.

Thoughts on Female Pomeranian for Breeding Age

Some vets and breeders believe female dogs should be spayed at around 5 years of age and others believe female dogs can keep being bred until they’re 8 years old.

Note that toy dogs age slower than bigger dogs. Then you have the tales of female dogs jumping the fence aged 10 or 11 and finding a Pomeranian stud dog. This female Pomeranian, then whelps and produces a healthy litter of four puppies. The reproductive history and health of the female Pomeranian are determining factors the breeder must consider before choosing what to do. 

Breeding Pomeranians

The bottom line is that every breeder needs to weigh up the health of his dog and her previous history and then make an educated decision. When it comes to the age of a female Pomeranian for breeding, again the opinions vary enormously.

Disclaimer: The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional veterinarian advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your veterinarian with any questions you may have regarding the medical condition of your dog. Never disregard professional advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on ANY website.

Copyright Pomeranian.Org. All rights reserved.

References and Further Reading:
[1] Official Standard of the Pomeranian (AKC). American Kennel Club, 2011.
[2] English Kennel Club Pomeranian Breed Standard, 2017.
[3] Denise Leo, The Pomeranian Handbook.
[4] Milo G. Denlinger “The Complete Pomeranian”.
[5] Kimbering Pomeranians “1891-1991”.
[6] William Taplin “The Sportsman’s Cabinet”.
[7] E. Parker “The Popular Pomeranian”.
[8] Lilla Ives “Show Pomeranians”.

The Pomeranian Handbook

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