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Pomeranian Growth Stages and Pomeranian Puppy Stages Explained

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Although Pomeranian growth stages week by week are quite predictable, every puppy and breed is unique and differs a little at each stage of their development.

Similar to the ways that humans develop, Pomeranian pups also have a predictable pattern of steps, although there has never been any official agreement regarding the exact ages a puppy may be when each step is taken.

Small toy breeds like Pomeranians develop quickly, many reaching maturity prior to bigger dog breeds. 

The previous rule that stated that one dog year is the same as seven years for a person is simply not true.  Smaller dogs mature earlier than big dogs and the Pom females are often only 6-7 months of age when experiencing their first heat.

Pomeranian Puppy Stages
Pomeranian Puppy Stages

Pomeranian Growth Stages and Pomeranian Puppy Development Stages Month by Month

At What Age Do Pomeranians Stop Growing?

A 1-year-old Pomeranian is fully grown.  Numerous changes occur in a puppy’s first year of living. He starts as a relatively helpless neonate, unable to hear, see or go potty on his own.

By the end of the first year, a Pomeranian full-grown is an agile and sexually mature dog. Smaller dog breeds like Pomeranians should not be used for breeding under the age of 14-18 months.

When Do These Pomeranian Growth Stages Actually Happen?

There are Seven Acknowledged Pomeranian Puppy Growth Stages: 

  • Stage One = 0 - 3 Weeks.
  • Stage Two = 3 - 7 Weeks.
  • Stage Three = 7 - 12 Weeks.
  • Stage Four = 12 - 17 weeks.
  • Stage Five = 17 - 40 Weeks.
  • Stage Six = 40 - 52 Weeks.
  • Stage Seven = 1 year and older.

Pomeranian Puppy Stages Week by Week

Puppy Development – 1 – 2 weeks. The Neonatal period.

Puppy Milestones:

  • Touch, taste, and smell are all working. No hearing or sight.
  • Recognizes pain.
  • Sleeps and eats most of the time.
  • Can’t regulate their own body temperature.
  • Can’t eliminate on their own. Needs the mother to initiate defecation and urination.
Puppy Needs:
  • Dependent on mother for food and elimination.
  • If the canine mother isn’t available, human interactions must occur and provide warmth, food, and elimination.
  • Dependent on the breeder for a warm environment.
  • First worming at the end of this stage.
1 week old Pomeranian puppies
1-week-old Pomeranian puppies

Pomeranian Stages of Growth – 2 - 3 Weeks. The Transitional Stage.

2 week old Pomeranian puppies
2 week old Pomeranian puppies


  • Eyes and ears open so the puppy can hear and see what’s going on.
  • May be able to eat solid food by the end of this stage.
  • The first significant learning time happens.
  • First few steps.
Puppy Needs:
  • Still needs to be warm.
  • The start of interactions with the mother, others in the litter, and people.
3 week old Pomeranian puppies
3 week old Pomeranian puppies

Pomeranian Puppy Development. 3 - 4 Weeks.

3 week old Pomeranian puppies

Puppy Milestones:

  • Puppies start knowing dogs and humans aren’t the same.
  • Mother dog teaches puppy canine manners.
  • Play fighting may happen with others in the litter.
  • Eating solid foods but continues to nurse.
  • Starts to eliminate without assistance.
  • Is more stable when standing.
Puppy Needs:
  • Introduced to loud noises and other sounds within the environment.
  • Introduced to different textures and allowed to walk on different floor surfaces.
  • Second worming treatment at the conclusion of this step.
4 week old Pomeranian puppies
4 week old Pomeranian puppies

Pomeranian Puppy Growth Stages. 4 - 5 Weeks.

4 week old Pomeranian puppies
4 week old Pomeranian puppies

Puppy Milestones:

  • Teeth may start appearing.
  • Curiosity about everything is a big thing at this stage.
  • Plays with other puppies in the litter.
  • Puppies each take turns in being the dominant ones.
  • Weaning is in progress.
Puppy Needs:
  • Needs to have plenty of new experiences.
  • Puppies need time on their own to stop separation anxiety.
  • Needs to be around people more than ever.
  • Needs excellent quality food because they nurse less frequently.

Pomeranian Growth Pictures. 5 - 7 Weeks. Curiosity is Rampant.

5 week old Pomeranian puppy

Puppy Milestones:

  • Weaning begins.
  • May get the first set of shots.
  • Very curious and may venture away from litter mates and mother at times.
  • Begins to understand boundaries and impulse control.
  • Mother will spend more time away from puppies.
Puppy Needs:
  • Good time for their first car ride and first bath.
  • Not ready to leave litter mates and mother just yet.
  • Socialization, human interactions, variety of experiences.
6 week old Pomeranian puppies
6 week old Pomeranian puppies

Pomeranian Puppy Development. 8 - 11 Weeks

Pomeranian puppy 2 months
Pomeranian puppy 2 months

Puppy Milestones:

  • Good motor skills and coordination.
  • Most curious phase. A puppy will move further away if his interest is piqued.
  • This is puppy’s first time for fear to become imprinted. Traumatic events may make a permanent impact.
Puppy Needs:
  • The puppy must be protected from all forms of trauma.
  • He must be prevented from wandering too far away.
  • This is the time for puppy’s second round of injections.
  • Not fully vaccinated so the owner must strike a fine balance between health risks and socialisation.
  • If puppy goes to a new home, he should start being trained immediately.
  • The puppy needs to hear his name called as often as possible.
8 week Pomeranian puppy
8 week Pomeranian puppy

Pomeranian Puppy Development. 10 - 16 Weeks.

3 month old Pomeranian
3-month-old Pomeranian

Puppy Milestones:

  • Puppies are taken to their new homes.
  • They have moved past the initial fear stage.
  • Puppy doesn’t mess his bed anymore.
  • He chews everything in sight as he continues teeth cutting.
Puppy Needs:
  • Good time for socialization, and training to begin: Expose the puppy to different things without overdoing it. Stress can be felt at this age
  • Good time for potty training to begin.
  • Provide lots of chew toys and bones to chew on.
  • By the end of this time, the puppy is ready for puppy classes.
4 month old Pomeranian
4-month-old Pomeranian

Pomeranian Puppy Development. 16 Weeks to 6 Months.

4 month Pomeranian puppy
4 month Pomeranian puppy

Puppy Milestones:

  • Puppy is now more independent than ever.
  • This is the “preteen” period.
  • Demonstrates signs of a “big dog” attitude within a small dog.
Puppy Needs:
  • More socializing.
  • More training is needed.
  • Owners must have a great deal of patience.
4 month old Pomeranian puppy
4-month-old Pomeranian puppy

Pomeranian Stages of Growth. 6 – 12 Months.

6 month old Pomeranian
6-month-old Pomeranian Puppy

Puppy Milestones:

  • The dog starts as an adolescent and, by the end of this period, he reaches sexual maturity.
  • Very independent. Likely to possess a mind of his own and be stubborn.
  • The second fear stage starts at around six months and can last a few days to a few weeks. Female dogs face their first heat period. Males get extra testosterone which can make them be hard to control. Although their development is responsible for this problem, many people think the dog is simply badly behaved or doesn’t obey instructions.
Puppy Needs:
7-month-old Pomeranian Puppy

An Overview of Pomeranian Puppy Stages.

Newborn Pomeranian Puppies
Newborn Pomeranian Puppies

When the puppy is firstborn, his ears and eyes are shut. Only his senses of taste, touch, and smell work but they’re not fully functional yet. He can respond to discomfort and pain as well as minor disturbances and he’ll cry or whine to let you know.

His body’s temperature is far lower than that of a mature dog and he can’t handle cool weather. To help with ideal development, the room should be kept quite warm (around 80 degrees) and breeders achieve this through the use of heating pads and/or heat lamps.

Pomeranian pups of this tender age need their mother to stimulate the defecating and urinating process as they can’t do it for themselves.

A puppy's first goal in life is to find food and warmth. Although they don’t yet have any teeth, their nails are fully grown and might need to be trimmed within the first week of being born.

Their main activities are to look for nourishment from their mother and also to sleep as much as possible.

Newborn Pomeranian puppies spend most of their time sleeping, sometimes twitching or moving a little to change position. The twitching happens because their main sleep is REM sleep, a level that’s caused by higher brain activity.

Apart from that, they don’t interact with others in the litter or their surroundings except to huddle as close as possible to their mother and littermates to keep warm.

Pomeranian pups rely on the mother to supply their nourishment and to help them go potty. The mother also has to clean up the potty messes, which she happily does.

Puppy’s eyes start opening when they’re about two weeks old. A couple of days after that, their ears also open. Their sight is blurry at first but soon settles and they can take in their first view of the environment around them. Sight doesn’t get very sharp even as they start growing into adulthood.

After their ears open, they may get startled by different sounds around them. Even from the moment, their ears start working, they can hear the ultrasonic range and their range is almost twice the capacity of humans.

At the three-week point, puppies will become a bit adventurous and will start to move around, albeit in a clumsy manner. This can be likened to a human infant’s crawling period. At this time, progress happens quickly. By 3 ½ weeks, the majority of puppies are stable and can move around easily on their own.

Hearing and sight improve each day. They can start to drink liquids and eat mushy solid foods. They will have some interaction with others in their litter but most of this will be deciding who will act as a blanket as they sleep in a pile and cuddle up underneath.

However, they don’t mind either role. This is also the time when they first start socializing. With open ears and eyes, they crawl a lot more and even begin trying to stand up and walk properly

3 week old Pomeranian
3 week old Pomeranian

By the time they’re four weeks old, they know what “real” food is, eat more of such foods, and reduce their nursing.

They’re not weaned at this stage. Pomeranian pups sleep less and spend more time moving around. This is the point where they begin to socialize with the world around them.

They should start listening to sounds such as the vacuum cleaner, dishwasher, can opener, and hairdryer. They should listen to the TV or music as well.

This is the perfect time to give the puppy chances to walk on different textured surfaces such as grass, tile, wood, dirt, carpet, and concrete.

Additional textures can be added to his bedding and the breeder can wear different textures in clothing so the puppy can snuggle up and feel them for himself.

The puppy is starting to control his own body temperature, develop a puppy coat as well as do his business without stimulation from the mother.

However, she’ll keep on cleaning up after him for a bit longer. At the five-week point, he’s now considered a toddler and will spend a lot of time mixing with his litter mates and humans.

If he has toys, he’ll explore them but they won’t be an object of vigorous play until he’s a bit older. The mother will encourage her little to wean by not being as available for drinks whenever they desire.

Puppies begin to “play fight” with their mates but they’re still too young to work out their pecking order and temperament. Some mothers regurgitate food for the puppies but this doesn’t often happen in dogs that are domesticated.

8 week old Pomeranian puppies
8 week old Pomeranian puppies

At six weeks old, several wormings will have taken place and it’s time for the puppy’s first shots. Tiny dog breeds like Pomeranians may not have shots until they’re eight weeks old.

Playtime changes dramatically at this stage and toys become objects of pure fascination and delight. Puppies will find different ways to explore every possible corner of their surroundings.

Breeders should offer plenty of stimuli in terms of smells, sounds, and textures and vary the environments where puppies can safely explore. The mother will keep teaching manners, particularly when it comes to “bite suppression.”

Puppies will gradually learn what is and isn’t appropriate canine behavior. These behaviors will carry on repeatedly for two weeks until they’re completely weaned and can be taken to their permanent homes. Smaller breeds such as Pomeranians might need extra time with the litter and mother.

At six weeks, a puppy is outgoing, friendly, curious, and eager to learn. If socializing is handled properly, the puppy will be keen to please his new owners when that time arrives.

At the eight-week-old mark, many of the smaller breeds are prepared to be taken to their permanent homes. Other types may need as much as four more weeks in the care of the breeder and mother, especially if the puppies are the tiniest Pomeranian pups.

When the puppy is eight weeks old, he starts to exercise caution in his behavior. Prior to this, he would be reckless and exuberant, running headlong into any adventure fearlessly.

Pomeranian Puppy Stages
Pomeranian Puppy Stages

During the following two weeks, he becomes more cautious as he investigates everything around him. New owners must let him go through this stage because then he’ll move past it quickly.

During this time, owners shouldn’t baby and cuddle” the puppy. Instead, they can assure his safety without moving in to rescue him when it’s not needed.

Anxiety and fear issues may arise in puppies who get rescued too early and these issues can be difficult to correct down the track. When a puppy is taken to his new home, his first few nights can be hard because he hasn’t spent much time on his own before.

Socialization is critical during this period and should be maintained until he’s 12 weeks old. Even before he’s brought home, the home needs to be ready for his grand arrival.

This includes puppy-proofing all rooms of the house and ensuring he has everything necessary to enable him to feel comfortable.

The puppy should be exposed to as many new smells, sounds, sights, and other sensations as possible. The more stimuli and experiences he faces, the easier it will be for him to handle changes as he gets older. This is also an ideal starting point for training.

Potty training is the first essential focus, followed by basic commands. Teaching basic obedience skills is best commenced in the home and down the track, he can be enrolled in an obedience school after he has been immunized and is ready for that next phase.

Immunizations Are Critical to The Health Of All Young Puppies

8 week old Pomeranian
8 week old Pomeranian

They must be a top priority, even over socializing attempts. Puppy can’t be allowed to go into a dog park until he has received his shots. Consider a puppy in a similar vein to a newborn infant baby. If you wouldn’t do something to an infant, why would you do it to a puppy?

The puppies are now in the “tween” phase where they exhibit some examples of independence. It’s likened to the pre-teen stage in humans and is demanding in nature.

Instead of puppy sticking to you like glue, he’ll start wandering off to do whatever he wants. Puppy’s behavior is more erratic and he may be a cute little baby one minute and the most stubborn of tweens the next.

This is the point when teething sets in and he’ll look to find anything he can chew on, including toys, a wooden chair, and even a person’s toes or fingers.

He should start to be potty trained and also basic obedience training such as how to walk properly on a leash, not always by your heel.

At this point, his growth spurt should slow down and he may eat less food. At the end of this stage, the puppy must have had his third round of shots and a Rabies shot as well.

Once vaccinated, it’s a perfect time to take the puppy exploring. Take him whenever you go out (if possible). It’s also good to start teaching basic commands.

Congratulations, your fur child has finally reached his teenage years. His attitude is everything now. He’ll try breaking rules and testing boundaries when he sees chances to do so.

Provided that you have been training and socializing with him, he won’t turn into a juvenile delinquent. He can go to puppy classes and learn more commands.

His baby teeth will fall out, to be replaced by a full mouth of adult teeth. Dental care is critical from this point on. Puppy will be at the sexual maturity stage at some point in this time. It’s wise to have her spayed or neutered.

Most vets recommend doing this by the age of six months. A puppy needs lots of chew toys, exercise, and discipline. Patience will be your new best friend.

1 Year Old Pomeranian 

1 Year Old Pomeranian Dog
1 Year Old Pomeranian Dog

At the conclusion of this stage, the puppy is now a dog and is sexually mature. Smaller breeds will be their full adult weight, Pomeranian size, and height. If spaying or neutering hasn’t taken place, there will be visible signs of sexual maturity.

Pomeranian Sexual Maturity?

Is my Pomeranian in heat? Females will have had their first heat between 6-9 months old. If the males haven’t been neutered, they generally start marking their territory. Males may be fathers when they’re as young as seven months of age.

Pomeranian Puppy Stages
Pomeranian Puppy Stages

Final Thoughts on Pomeranian Puppy Growth Stages

There won’t be visible changes immediately and Pomeranians often retain the playful personality for most of their life. Over time, their youthful exuberance will fade, and (provided you did socialize and train properly), the dog will become calmer and behave more predictably with habits that stay the same.

Copyright Pomeranian.Org. All Rights Reserved.

References and Further Reading:
[1] Denise Leo “The Pomeranian Handbook”.
[2] E.Parker, The Popular Pomeranian.
[3] L.Ives, Show Pomeranians.

The Pomeranian Handbook by Denise Leo