Pomeranian Toy Dog Information
There are lots of misconceptions regarding the toy Pomeranian dog, and I would really like to resolve this confusion. Simply because of this dog’s tiny size, he’s shown in what’s referred to as the TOY group in non-FCI countries along with other toy sized dogs.
It’s important to first understand why the term we’re using is the correct one. The reason is that a Pomeranian is classified as a toy breed. The group in which he’s shown is determined by the American Kennel Club (AKC), English Kennel Club (EKC) and the Australian National Kennel Council (ANKC).
In contrast to this, toy Pomeranians aren’t permitted to be shown in the toy group by countries that are members of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). Instead of this, toy pomeranian breeders must compete against other breeds of Spitz dogs in a single group with the title of Spitz and Primitive Types.
The Toy group in dog shows is only accessible to the smallest dogs. The Toy group is for toy sized dogs such as Pomeranians, but also includes Maltese, Papillon, Pug, Chihuahua, Pekingese, Chinese Crested dog and other dogs that are small in structure, height and weight.
So, this technically means that the terms “toy Pomeranians,” “toy Pomeranian puppies,” ” toy Pom” and “adult toy Pomeranians” may get used as a description of this dog breed in some circumstances.
Toy Pomeranian Info
You need to be wary that some pet stores, breeders and other dog owners or sellers might use this same description to falsely claim their dog has a unique quality because he’s smaller when compared to the average Pomeranian standard.
There’s only a single Pomeranian type. Ignore other descriptive words such as: toy, teacup, miniature, micro toy Pomeranian, miniature toy Pomeranian, or other words that may imply that once the Pomeranian has reached adulthood, he’ll be smaller than a standard size Pom.
Changes to Pomeranian Breed Standard
Prior to the changes made to the Pomeranian breed standard in 1915, there were two sizes in this dog breed, namely the Pomeranian and TOY Pomeranians.
After the 1915 breed standard changes, there was only ONE official size and name for the Pomeranian dog. The toy size Pomeranian became just the POMERANIAN and Poms weighing over 7lbs became unacceptable in the showring.
So, we now just have POMERANIANS (being between 3 and under 7lb) and the only name for this dog breed is POMERANIAN.
That’s a small enough size. Now we can see the possibilities if somebody decides to breed puppies to be smaller than the standard. How small do you need a Pomeranian to be before you grasp the fact that there’s no reason to try and make a “toy Pom?”
Health Implications For Tiny Toy Pomeranians
If a Dog is smaller when compared to its standard size…
For some strange reason, owning the tiniest dog is viewed a kind of status symbol for many people around the world. One answer is that the media has spread the concept that small is best.
Many never appreciate that a standard Pom’s size is already tiny, making him extremely fragile. Because of his size, the Pomeranian (along with other tiny dogs) is prone to numerous health complaints including: collapsed trachea, luxating patella and so on.
Ancient ancestors of the Pomeranian used to be medium to large pure white dogs. They were incredibly strong and often were used as sled dogs. They had bodies that were muscular and so they were used as working dogs, as they had high endurance levels and a high tolerance to the cold weather.
Over the centuries, they were gradually bred down and became lap dogs, living in people’s homes as companions. Today they weigh 3 – 7 pounds and that’s certainly tiny enough.
This is certainly a fragile size for any dog and if you want to make him weigh less, it’s downright dangerous. As we have already mentioned, there are particular health problems a normal size Pomeranian can face. If you try to breed a “teacup” or “toy,” the fact that he will weigh less than 3 pounds dramatically increases the risk of major medical conditions and a potentially shorter lifespan.
A collapsed trachea occurs when his neck is overloaded with stress. It mainly happens if a Pom puppy goes for walks wearing a leash and collar, not a leash and harness. As dogs are prone to do, when he tries to run ahead or to the left or right, his leash tightens and applies intense pressure on his neck.
The trachea itself is comprised of cartilage rings and it will just collapse, causing the rings to get crushed, causing severe pain and trouble with breathing. To avoid this horrendous problem, simply use a harness at all times when walking your dog.
He’ll stop growing at 12-18 months but he must receive a lot of care, similar to how you look after a puppy. However, your Pomeranian must be properly looked after for his whole life.
A luxating patella is the medical term for a slipped kneecap.
Hip dysplasia is extremely rare in the Pomeranian dog. Hip dysplasia is the medical term describing a socket and hip joint that slipped out of their normal place. Pomeranians are more prone to Legg- Perthes disease.
Toy dogs can easily face these problems. The main way it happens is when your toy Pomeranian jumps down to the floor from a high object of some sort because their body is unable to cope with the impact that occurs once your dog hits the floor. Examples of things to jump off include: a bed, a sofa or even jumping out of somebody’s grasp.
The best way to prevent these problems is to teach your Pomeranian not to jump at all. You can use dog ramps in common areas where your dog wants to jump off. For example, the sofa where he can safely walk up and down with no harm. Perhaps have a ramp in your bedroom if you want him in your bed at times. It all helps prevent injuries, pain for your dog and more pain in your wallet.
Unscrupulous Pomeranian Breeders
Most people own dogs for one of three purposes: for breeding, to be a family pet or to perform in shows. These owners treat their dogs with all the love, care and attention that man’s best friend truly deserves.
However, there are also lots of unscrupulous breeders who will do anything to make money, including being incredibly cruel to the dogs. Whether they’re breeding them down so they weigh less literally puts their lives in jeopardy. They’re not interested in loving the animals and ensuring their longevity.
The three previously mentioned serious medical conditions not only cause the dog to feel extreme pain and discomfort but, because they have been bred down in size, due to their lighter weight, the risks are increased exponentially.
A dog isn’t “just an animal.” He’s a canine member of the family and he deserves to be treated with at least the same amount of care, respect and love as any human family member…or even more. A dog wags his tail to demonstrate unconditional love for his family and he should receive that same unconditional love.
He shouldn’t be forced to sustain injuries because an evil breeder wants to shrink him down to a size that makes him more money and causes serious – or potentially life-threatening health problems.
How Breeding Smaller Dogs Is Achieved
Other names are miniatures and teacups. A breeder who is unethical does it this way. He’ll select a sire and a dam who both weigh less than normal. These are often known as the litter’s “runts” and when the unscrupulous breeder breeds the dogs together, it’s common for the results to be a litter of puppies that are smaller than standard puppies.
The despicable breeders make good money through sales of tiny, dangerously sick dogs repeatedly. The majority of these type of breeders don’t worry about whether inbreeding is ethical and so daughter and father, mother and son…this is typical activity for these breeders as it’s much simpler to mate pairs of small related Poms than it is to get more tiny sires and dams.
Beware of This Advertising Sales Gimmick
Because the Pomeranian is a breed that’s called a “toy,” many people will just use that description as it helps them with the claim that their puppy is unique and their adult size will be smaller than the norm.
However, that’s a fallacy because the dogs grow to be a normal size with a healthy structure. It’s simple for certain breeders because Pomeranian puppies would weigh approx. 1 pound at 8 weeks old. Ignorant buyers won’t know what adult size the puppies will eventually grow to be.
Sometimes the new owner will receive a health contract (but it often only applies to the first year and there’s never any discussion of what adult dogs will look like. Nothing is promised in written format).
There are rare situations where owners will lie and tell a potential buyer that the puppy is 8 weeks old when he’s really only 6 weeks old. This helps the breeder trick the innocent new owner into believing the dog is far smaller than he should be.
Buy a Healthy Pomeranian Dog
The ideal way to guarantee you’ll purchase a happy, healthy Pomeranian puppy is to do your research and only buy from breeder who is reputable. He should have years of experience with Pomeranians and their life is devoted to caring and raising the right size standard Pomeranian toy dogs. If you need somebody you can trust, check out our Pomeranian Breeders list.
Worries That Pomeranian Owners May Have
- If you’re worried about how much weight your puppy or dog should be, check out our growth chart.
- If you think he could be overweight, our feeding section may help.
- Certain new owners might have bought a dog that’s not a Toy (tiny). Instead, his dog is the opposite, much bigger than expected.
- Pom puppies may grow too big for show purposes and pet Poms often weigh more than their show brothers and sisters.
- Another cause of the larger type of Pomeranian dog is the poor practices of breeders who don’t prove their Pomeranians in the show ring prior to breeding.
There’s also no such thing as a THROWBACK POMERANIAN. There’s only one Pomeranian.
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References and Further Reading:
 Official Standard of the Pomeranian (AKC). American Kennel Club, 2011.
 Official English Kennel Club Pomeranian Breed Standard , 2017.
 Kimbering Pomeranians “1891-1991”.
 Denise Leo, The Pomeranian Handbook.
 E.Parker, The Popular Pomeranian.
 L.Ives, Show Pomeranians.