In this article, I’ll discuss Pomeranian dog breed history, genes and other elements that help create the popular black Pomeranian. Black is a beautiful Pom dog color so it’s important to know what to expect if that’s what you want when you being to search for a puppy.
This article will explain complete details of the black Pomeranian dog. Black Pomeranian history, black Pom care and any extra grooming requirements necessary for black Pomeranians explained. Information on Black Pom dog genetics and all about breeding black Pomeranians.
However, black is the color many people look for, when viewing colors for a new Pom family member. Black Pomeranians are not seen as a different Pom breed but as a variation on available colors.
Apart from the prominent coat, puppy characteristics will be the same, regardless of the color of their fur. As a toy dog, Pomeranians are a much-loved and extremely popular choice because they’re loyal, highly intelligent and possess huge personalities, making them a fine four-legged new family member.
Black Pomeranian Dog Appearance
The Black Pomeranian should appear to be a “coal black” color. A Black Pomeranian adult dog’s coat should be free of any red, white-colored or brownish fur. The points ( eye rims, pads, lips and nose) must be also be black.
Solid black Pomeranian dogs must possess a double coat. This double coat consists of long, harsh black guard hairs with a soft, fluffy black undercoat.
Black Pomeranian dog guard hairs on an adult, all black dog should be precisely the same color throughout the dog’s coat.
Exposure to sunlight can cause some burning to the coat, which will appear as red tinges on the fur of Pom dogs who spend long periods of time outdoors.
A black Pom dog’s undercoat may possibly appear a lighter shade especially preceding shedding.
A black Pom dog will usually have white patches in the coat, even if it is only one or two hairs on the chest area. Mismark Pomeranian puppies are usually the result of using a black and white Pomeranian ( what is called a black and white parti Pomeranian) in the breeding program.
Examples of a Pomeranian usually referred to as a mismark are a black pom with one white leg, or white feet or a white collar and blaze.
Black and Tan Pomeranians: As the name suggests, are black coloured poms with rust or tan markings.
Here at Dochlaggie, I have owned, bred and exhibited numerous black Pomeranians over a period of many decades and have found the black poms seem to have a temperament and personality all of their own.
Important Black Pomeranian Facts
- Black is a solid color.
- Are black Pomeranians rare? The answer is NO!
- Black Pomeranian should be kept out of the sunlight to avoid reddish shading on coat tips.
- The black Pomeranian is one of the original Pomeranian breed colors.
- Newborn black poms are black.
- A Black Pomeranian won Best in Show at the American Pomeranian Club’s very first show.
Black Pomeranian Puppies
Some Pomeranian black puppies often will have greyish tones to their coat during the coat change or puppy uglies stage. This is usually nothing to be concerned about, as when the adult coat comes in the Pomeranian pup’s coat will usually change to a solid, bright black color.
Are Black Pomeranians Rare?
The all black Pomeranian color is just as popular today, as it has been during any time in the history of this dog breed.
All black Pomeranians are NOT one of the rare Pomeranian colors. Although, not a rare Pomeranian, a black Pom dog is not as common or popular as the orange Pomeranians and orange sable Pomeranians. Black Poms still have many fans who would not own or even show another colored Pomeranian.
Where Can I Buy a Black Pomeranian?
How Much is a Black Pomeranian?
History of the Black Pomeranian Dog
Black Pomeranians were highly sought after in the early years of this breed. However the popularity of the black Pom declined when orange and sable Pomeranians made their appearance in the Pom dog world.
Pomeranian breeders desperately wanted to breed and exhibit the highly desirable orange and orange Sable Pomeranians.
The original colors in the Pomeranian breed were the white Pomeranian, black Pomeranian and cream Pomeranian. In 1803, William Taplin published “The Sportsman’s Cabinet” and mentions the black Pomeranian dog not being seen as often as the white Pomeranian and other colors.
Black Pomeranian Grooming and Black Pom Coat Care
Grooming a black Pomeranian is a little more difficult than the standard or orange or orange sable Pomeranians. This color dog’s coat needs special care and attention if it is to look it’s best in the show ring.
The black pom is another colored Pomeranian dog who needs to be kept out of direct sunshine during the summer months to avoid any red tinges or sun burning of the dog’s coat.
Dog coat conditioning sprays containing sunscreen are a must have item to maintain coat condition for a pure black Pomeranian. I personally recommend and use the following dog grooming products.
Recommended Coat Care Products For Black Pomeranians
Avoid exposing your black Pom to harsh sunlight will help the appearance of the black coat. Using ordinary talcum powder for grooming is to be avoided. A good alternative to use on any black Pom show dog is a black chalk block.
White or grey hairs often appear and very noticeable at a young age on the muzzle area of dark sable and black adult Pomeranians, so these dogs will look older than they actually are.
Breeding and Exhibiting Black Adult Show Pomeranians
During the past 100 years, many black toy Poms have won top awards. A black Pomeranian, Champion Banner Prince Charming owned by Mrs. Frank Smythe won Best in Show at the very first American Pomeranian Club Championship Show.
Early Champion Black Pomeranians
Recent Important Black Pomeranians
Many black Pomeranians have contributed and greatly influenced the breed. A recent top winning Pomeranian dog black, was Best in Show Champion Finch’s He Walks on Water. Known at home and to his fans as Travis. Travis has been described as the biggest winning black Pom in the history of the breed. Travis was the winner of 12 Best in Show awards and sired 67 Pomeranian champions.
The Pomeranian in black is an important addition to any Pomeranian breeding program. Breeding a black Pom into the oranges and red Pomeranians enhances the color clarity of the coat and improves pigmentation in only one generation.
Pomeranian dog black is also a very helpful color to add to a white Pomeranian breeding program. Most successful Pom kennels will include at least one black to use to improve and maintain these very desirable Pomeranian dog qualities.
Personally, I don’t like showing a Pomeranian black dog. I have found many judges appear to ignore a good black in favor of the more popular orange and orange sable in the show ring. I have also found that blacks can be more difficult to prepare for the show ring than the orange and orange sables.
Another problem is the choice of contrasting color clothing for the handler. Never wear black or dark colored clothing when handling any black dog. Light and bright clothing is a much better choice for handlers of dark colored dogs.
Breeding Black Pomeranians
When you attempt to breed black Pomeranians, what you want will determine what you do. If you want to keep the intensely dark black pigment, don’t breed with Pom dog dilution genes.
The ideal choices to breed quality black Poms are other black Pomeranians, black and tan Pomeranians, dark orange sable Pomeranians, red sable Pomeranians, and intense red Pomeranians.
If you plan to breed black Poms with black Pomeranians for numerous generations without including sable genes, it’s likely that the texture of the coat will be lost, but the black intense pigment will remain.
Black Pomeranian Genetics
Black is actually a self-color, meaning the dog is only a single color, and the coat has an extreme black pigment. In Pomeranians, the dominant K allele is the typical reason. However, there have been some incidents (within the Pom breed) of the recessive black (a).
Black Dilutes and Recessive Genes
When other recessive genes exist, a dog that’s solid black can become other colors such as: blue (dd), solid chocolate (bb), and if the dog has both, the result is isabella/lavender (bbdd). If two recessive genes that are clear orange (ee), are also present, the dog will become clear orange and completely mask the black gene (K).
Pictures of Black Pomeranian Dogs and Pictures of Black Pomeranian Puppies
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References and Further Reading:
 Official Standard of the Pomeranian (AKC). American Kennel Club, 2011.
 English Kennel Club Pomeranian Breed Standard , 2017.
 Denise Leo “The Pomeranian Handbook“.
 Milo G. Denlinger “The Complete Pomeranian”.
 Kimbering Pomeranians “1891-1991”.
 William Taplin “The Sportsman’s Cabinet”.
 E. Parker “The Popular Pomeranian”.
 Lilla Ives “Show Pomeranians”.