Pomeranian Colours

Learn the Important Facts About Sable Pomeranians and Puppies

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Last Updated on 22/05/2024 by Denise Leo. Post first published on May 12, 2022.

Discover the charm of Sable Pomeranians! Learn about their unique coat colors, care tips, and why they’re beloved by Pomeranian enthusiasts worldwide.

Sable Pomeranians are a recognized color pattern variation of the Pomeranian breed. The sable coat color pattern is among the most popular and recognizable dog color patterns.

Sable is a term for the black banding on the Pomeranian’s guard hairs, making the coat look dark-shaded or sable. This contrasts chocolate sables, where the guard hairs are chocolate-tipped, and a chocolate sable cannot have any black anywhere on its body.

What is a Sable Pomeranian?

Sable Pomeranians have a coat with lighter roots and darker tips covering most of their body. This pattern has lighter hair at the base and darkens to the tip. 

The sabling of the hair can vary from very heavy, dark sabling to relatively sparse.

Heavy sables are noted for their abundance of black guard hairs all over the body. Poms with darker colored markings can even appear as nearly a black and tan Pomeranian, but with more orange on the legs and head.

These dark sables often carry the black and tan gene and genetically may be a(y)a(t).

The patterns and shades of sable can be quite diverse, as other recessives can affect the coloring.

Reverse sables are also possible. I have bred reverse sable cream Pomeranians with a dark undercoat and cream tips.

The Sable Pom is a natural color variation within the breed. So, you can find Pomeranians in orange sable, wolf sable, cream sable, red sable, blue sable, and chocolate sable.

The sable gene is dominant, meaning only one sable gene is needed in a Pomeranian to carry out the coloring. So, Sable is easy to breed for. You will likely get sable puppies if you breed a Sable Pomeranian to any other color.

Orange Sable Pomeranian Puppies
Orange Sable Pomeranian Puppies

Sable Pomeranians: Genetics and Myths

At least ten different genes control color in Sable Pomeranians. Different genes control various parts of the coat color. Some genes make different color pigments, while others control the distribution of these pigments within the individual hairs and the entire body.

Dogs have two kinds of pigment possible in their coats. The dark pigment is called “Eumelanin” and the light pigment is called “Phaeomelanin“. These two pigments create the Sable Pomeranian variations. The Eumelanin gene has a default black color and codes for the black color spectrum. Phaeomelanin codes for the color spectrum in the Pomeranian’s coat.

A hair bulb in Sable Pomeranians can generate more than one type of melanin. It can also alternate production so that some hairs are dark-tipped, followed by a lighter midpiece and a lighter base. 

There may be two shades of sable coat: one reddish and the other cream, on one shaft. Sometimes, the phaeomelanin (a gene that produces the non-dark pigment) is concentrated in the tip, and the eumelanin (a gene that makes the black, blue, or liver) is in the base, though not often. The banding or alternating between dark and light sections results in a beautiful variety of sable colorations in Pomeranians

The definition of a sable pattern should refer to the Pom hairs tipped with black. The more hairs and the longer that tipping, the darker the dog will appear. 

Wolf Sable Pomeranian Puppy
Wolf Sable Pomeranian Puppy

What Colors Do Sable Pomeranians Come In?

The term ‘sable’ is not exactly a color but refers more to a color pattern. Sable coloring is when individual hairs have distinct bands of color along their shaft.

The sable pattern usually combines with orange Pomeranian, red, cream Pomeranian, blue, and dark chocolate color genes.

  • Orange Sable: An orange Pomeranian with black tips is called an orange sable Pom. This color is often described as bear-like. A beautifully rich and dreamy mix of orange and black tips, this Sable Pom has to be seen in real life to experience the richness of color in its fur.
  • Cream Sable Pomeranian: Sable Pomeranians with a cream shade will give a luxurious outlook. The cream color perfectly blends with the sable. Their undercoats are very light, and their topcoats have a silvery-tanned tinge. Cream Sable Poms are born silvery due to the black tipping on their light fur. It is unknown what genes are involved in making the coat color paler.
  • Wolf Sable Pomeranian: Wolf Sable Pomeranians have dark gray guard hairs that are black-tipped. Sometimes, the hair tips look silver, giving them a wolf-like appearance. Like the Keeshond, an authentic wolf sable Pomeranian also has “spectacles” around its eyes. This makes it easy to spot compared to other sable-coated dogs. Pictures don’t do them justice.
  • Red Sable: Red Sable Pomeranians will have a solid red base coat and black guard hair. How dark these dogs appear will depend on how heavy their sabling is.
  • Blue Sable: Blue Sables result from the dilute “d”gene, which reduces the depth of the black pigment. The color of this Pom’s coat may be more coppery than orange with a bluish cast. They can sometimes look blue at birth.
  • Chocolate Sable: Chocolate sables are beautiful and unique. Chocolate Sable Pomeranians have a light-medium brown undercoat and dark tipping with darker chocolate guard hair. The chocolate shade can stay as it was at birth and might become lighter and darker again. As newborns, they can often be mistaken for chocolate and tan. It’s interesting to note that in chocolate sables, the guard hairs are chocolate-tipped, and a chocolate sable cannot have any black anywhere on the body. Chocolate sables are like their orange counterparts, but their genetic makeup contains two copies of the (bb) gene. The (bb) gene turns all black pigment to brown, changing what would have been black sabling and the points to brown.
Cream Sable Pomeranian
Cream Sable Pomeranian

Do The Grooming Requirements Vary for Sable Pomeranians?

All Pomeranian colors have the same grooming requirements and challenges. The grooming and brushing routine of a Sable Pom depends on the dog’s activity and environment.

Regarding shedding, all colors shed the same amount. However, sable Pomeranians’ shed hairs will show more on light-colored furniture and flooring. Let’s have a look at the grooming needs of sable Pomeranians:

  • Sable Pomeranians require two to three times per week brushing to remove dead hair and prevent mats and tangles. 
  • They need a couple of baths in a month. Frequent bathing strips the coat of oils that keep it healthy. 
  • Brush your Sable Pomeranian teeth at least twice weekly to prevent bacteria and tartar buildup.
  • Trim your Sable Pomeranian’s nails once a month to avoid splitting and discomfort. 
  • Your Sable Pomeranians’ eyes should be clear with no redness, swelling, or discharge.
  • When you groom your Sable Pomeranian, look inside his mouth and ears for signs of allergies or infection.

Are Sable Pomeranians Bigger?

No, Sable Poms are not bigger than other Pomeranians. Both males and females should weigh between 3 and 7 pounds and be 6 to 7 inches tall. Look at the parents’ size to better understand how big your pup is likely to get.

Cream Sable Pomeranian
Cream Sable Pomeranian

What Health Problems Are Sable Poms Prone To?

As a pet parent, it is important always to be conscious of your Sable Pom’s health. Even the slightest health problem can be a serious risk for them. Regularly checking over your Sable Pom is an important step in catching problems early.

Like other Pomeranians, Sable Pomeranians are prone to hereditary and non-hereditary health issues. Let’s have a look into these health issues that may affect this breed:

Responsible breeding techniques will greatly reduce the risks of genetic disorders in Sable Pomeranians. Buying from a responsible breeder will help ensure that you get a healthy Sable Pom.

Orange Sable Pomeranian
Orange Sable Pomeranian

Pomeranian Colors

Pomeranian coats can be found in a wide array of colors, so each dog looks unique and distinctive. All colors, patterns, and variations there-of are allowed and must be judged on an equal basis. – AKC
American Kennel Club

Here’s a list of all the popular colors you might see in Pomeranians.

  • Orange
  • Cream
  • Orange Sable
  • Black and Tan
  • Black
  • White
  • Wolf Sable Pomeranian
  • Parti-color
  • Chocolate
  • Cream Sable
  • Blue Merle
  • Red
  • Chocolate and Tan
  • Red Sable
  • Tri-colored
  • Blue 
  • Blue Sable
  • Blue and Tan
  • Chocolate Merle
  • Beaver
  • Black and Brindle
  • Chocolate Sable
  • Lavender
  • Brindle
  • Merle

The nine recognized markings in Pomeranians are:

  • White Markings
  • Merle Markings
  • Tan Markings
  • Tri-Color Markings
  • Brindle
  • Sable
  • Irish Marked
  • Parti-Color
  • Mask

Classifications – The Open Classes at specialty shows may be divided by color: Open Red, Orange, Cream, and Sable; Open Black, Brown, and Blue; Open Any Other Color, Pattern, or Variation. – AKC

American Kennel Club

What is the Most Common Color of a Pomeranian?

Orange and orange sable are the most popular colors among Pomeranians and are also the most common. Black, white, brown, and gray ( wolf sable) colors are also common.

Cream Sable Pomeranian Puppy
Cream Sable Pomeranian Puppy

Tips to Keep Your Sable Pomeranian Healthy

There are a lot of steps that you can take to help keep your Sable Pomeranian healthy.

  • Choose your Sable Pom’s food wisely. Avoid artificial flavors and chemical additives to prevent allergies and gastrointestinal distress.
  • Exercise your Sable Pomeranian each day. Take your Sable Pom for at least 20 minutes for outdoor walks daily.
  • Dog-proof your house no matter what age your Sable Pomeranian is. Remove all dangerous items that are poisonous or can cause choking hazards. Wrap wires with cord concealer.
  • Keep up with the veterinary appointments. If you miss one, reschedule it right away. Sable Pomeranians should have one yearly checkup.
  • Make sure that your Sable Pom receives all needed vaccinations and boosters.
  • Never leave your Sable Pomeranian alone in the car. While traveling, always place it in a safe car seat or secured dog crate
  • Be ready for seasonal changes to provide tailored care for Sable Pomeranians. Adjust your efforts both during the summer and in the wintertime.
Heavy Sable Pomeranian Puppies
Heavy Sable Pomeranian Puppies

30 Sensational Sable Pomeranian Names

Do you have a sweet Sable Pom that needs a good name? Looking for something more specific?

To help you out, I have compiled some classic Sable Pomeranian names so you can pick a name that’s just the right fit for your Sable Pom puppy.

Check out some of our favorite Sable Pomeranian name ideas below!

  • Butterscotch
  • Tanner
  • Copper
  • Brownie
  • Cocoa 
  • Latte
  • Toffee
  • Ember
  • Blaze
  • Oakley
  • Bambi
  • Honey
  • Moose
  • Nutmeg
  • Bourbon
  • Cider
  • Bear
  • Pine
  • Spruce
  • Woody
  • Forrest
  • Fawn
  • Nugget
  • Penny
  • Ginger
  • Whiskey
  • Cider
  • Hershey
  • Foxy
  • Cinnamon

Your Sable Pomeranian’s name is the key to proper communication between you two. Let your imagination flow and pick a name the whole family will love. 

Wolf Sable Pomeranian
Wolf Sable Pomeranian

Final thoughts on Sable Pomeranians

Overall, sable Pomeranians are no different from other Poms in personality, temperament, exercise, and grooming needs.

All sable Pomeranians are bold, lively, affectionate, and loyal fans. With the right training and socialization, they make incredible family companions.

You can find Pomeranians in many different colors. Every Sable Pomeranian is different, with varying colors and patterns, making it an eye-catching and amazing pet.

While you should pick the coloring you like the most, do not just choose your pet on his looks. Before buying a puppy for his color, ensure that the breeder selects for health first, breed type second, and color third!

Copyright Pomeranian.org. All Rights Reserved.

References and Further Reading:
[1] Official Standard of the Pomeranian (AKC). American Kennel Club, 2011.
[2] English Kennel Club Pomeranian Breed Standard, 2017.
[3] Denise Leo, The Pomeranian Handbook.
[4] Milo G. Denlinger “The Complete Pomeranian.”
[5] Kimbering Pomeranians “1891-1991”.
[6] William Taplin’s “The Sportsman’s Cabinet.”
[7]  E. Parker “The Popular Pomeranian.”
[8] Lilla Ives “Show Pomeranians.”

Sable Pomeranians and Puppies
Sable Pomeranians and Puppies



Pomeranians are my passion, and I have shared my life with these darling little dogs for many decades. The creator and face behind this website is published author and Pomeranian breed authority Denise Leo of Dochlaggie Pomeranians.

Denise Leo
Denise Leo